History of Greenland
Greenland is an autonomous part of Denmark. It is entirely dependent on Denmark’s economic support. Despite being in North America, it is considered a part of Europe. It lies between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans. It is not that no American leader has expressed such desire before Trump. In the year 1946, US President Harry Truman also offered to give Denmark 100 million dollars to buy Greenland, they could not succeed. Greenland is one of the most beautiful places in the world. 85 percent of it is covered with snow, which does not let the grass grow here. The month of August is very happy for Greenland.
This area looks golden in August. There is no railway system in Greenland. People living on this territory use helicopters, boats or ships to move from one place to another. Greenland is very large in terms of area, but it has a very small population (57,674). Greenland (‘land of the people’) is an autonomous constituent country under the Danish monarchy, which lies east of the Canada Arctic Archipelago between the Arctic and the Atlantic Ocean. Although geographically a part of the continent of North America, it has been politically connected to Europe (especially Denmark) since the 18th century. In 1979 Denmark granted Greenland self-government, and in 2008 Greenland voted in favor of greater efficiency transfer to the local government. Which became effective the following year, with the Danish imperial government being limited to foreign affairs, security and economic policy only. Greenland is the world’s largest island by area.
Most of Greenland is covered with snow.
Greenland has many world records. It is the largest island in the world. It is the region with the lowest population density on Earth. After Antarctica, only Greenland is the area where snow sheets are always covered. Most of its 56,000 inhabitants are Inuit. They are descendants of people who came here from Canada in the 13th century
Greenland gave self-government authority to Greenland in 1979. In 2008 Greenlanders voted in favor of an act that gave their government even more power. Prior to being a Danish territory, Greenland had been under Norway. For some time in 1499, the Portuguese also claimed control over it.
The population of Greenland is just 56 thousand. Such a population is equal to a city in England. 88 percent of the population here is of Inuit and the rest of the Danish (Danish language speakers) live there. In the last several years, the Americans and the people of Denmark have not invested much money in Greenland and its political crisis. The economic situation there is also not very good. Every day, some people gather here at a place and sell goods, due to which some cash is collected. It sells clothes, schoolbags, cakes, dried fish and randier horns.
One third of Greenland’s population lives in the capital Nuk. In the picture, you see ‘Santa’s mailbox’. Thousands of letters by the name of Saint Nicholas used to reach here around Christmas every year. Some activists used to reply to children’s letters through hand written letters. However, in 2018 ‘Mailbox’ was discontinued.
The people of Greenland felt the impact of climate change for the first time. The rising sea level coupled with the melting ice of the Arctic made them feel the change in climate. In recent days, scientists have recorded a massive ice melting event on this island, which was predicted that it will not happen until 2070.
Warn about musk ox
A sign in Greenland warns tourists about the musk ox. They are famous for their intense smell. They are found only in Greenland, Northern Canada and Alaska. Their population was reduced due to indiscriminate hunting for centuries, but now hunting has been banned. Because of this, they have started appearing again.
There are no roads in some areas of Greenland. Trains on ice are very expensive. In such a situation, villagers use dogs carts to move from one village to another village or sea.
Why does America want Greenland?
Why is the American eye on an island with 80 percent of its glaciers covered by less than 60 thousand people? This is a legitimate question, which has not been answered by Trump yet, but citing experts (Experts Analysis), CNN has found answers to such important questions. Let us know why America’s eyes are fixed on this island. The first thing is that experts about Greenland believe that there are immense natural resources here. Plenty of possibilities have been expressed on the island of rare elements of the world like iron ore, lead, zinc, diamond, gold and uranium and oil. The second thing is that the natural wealth of the island is still untouched.
NASA found this year that two of the biggest glacier melting incidents occurred in Greenland’s history due to global warming. If snow melts due to global warming, mining of minerals and natural elements can be easy here.
If a Danish historian, Teg Karstead, believes that America has tried to buy Greenland before. In 1946, Secretary of State James Byrnes discussed with the Danish Foreign Minister the purchase of Greenland during the tenure of then President Harry Truman at a United Nations meeting. History also tells that when USA bought Alaska about 80 years ago, even then US wanted to buy Greenland.
America has bought many islands before this
In 1867, America bought Alaska from Russia for 72 million dollars. At that time this deal was highly criticized and the then President was even written by historians as ‘fool’. In 1898, the US bought the Philippine Islands from Spain for $ 20 million and in 1917 from Denmark for $ 25 million on Virgin Island. Source France 24
There is also a history before this when America acquired land from other countries. In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, which is currently about a quarter of the US. But these are very old things and in the last nearly hundred years America has not acquired any such big land from abroad. Read History of America USA