Today Balk History of Turkey 1923 : What Was Called Before?

A History of Turkey Country: What Was Turkey Called Before

  • Total area of Turkey: 783,356 km 2 (302,455 sq mi)
  • Capital of Turkey: Ankara
  • Official Language of Turkey: Turkish language
  • Continent of Turkey: Asia
  • Turkey is a transcontinental country located in both Asia and Europe. 97% of Turkey’s territory lies in Asia and only 3% of its territory lies in Europe.
History of Turkey Country
History of Turkey Country

Prehistory And First Settlers in Turkey

As you have to cut somewhere, here we are going to be very brief. The highlight is that it has been shown that the first settlers of the area were hunters in the Paleolithic era, and resided in Anatolia (which today is the Asian part of Turkey).

Moving on in time, apparently already during the Bronze Age there was a continuous trade between Troy and various parts of mainland Greece and the islands of the Aegean Sea. This gave rise to two things: exchange of goods, knowledge and ideologies and… the basis for future wars. I don’t want to spoiler but, run runs caaaaaballitooooo. Ok, I stop now.

The History of Turkey Religion

Ratio of Religious Beliefs in Turkey

Rank Religion Population (Percentage)
1 Sunni Islam 65.0
2 Unaffiliated Islam 13.0
3 Irreligious 7.0
4 Spiritual 6.0
5 Shia Islam 4.0
6 Other religion 2.0
7 Other Christian 1.0
8 Protestant Christian 1.0

The History of Turkey to the Byzantine Empire

Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire

The entry of the Roman Empire into the Anatolian Peninsula was a natural step in the desire to extend territories beyond the Mediterranean. It was a slow process between the first and second centuries BC. C. in which the different existing cultures were assimilated and new aspects from Rome were introduced. 

We then have the Western Roman Empire with its capital in Rome, and the Eastern Roman Empire (or Byzantine Empire), with its capital in Byzantium, which in 330 A.C D was renamed Constantinople (and which is none other than the current Istanbul).

In 476 AD.C. Romulus Augustus abdicates as emperor of the Western Roman Empire, a fact that historians take as the end of the Ancient Age and the beginning of the Middle Ages. Why is the Western Roman Empire falling? Because he could not stop the barbarian invasions coming from northern Europe.

The Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) managed to resist almost a thousand more years. In 1453 he fell in love with Mehmed II Fatih (the conqueror), sultan of the Ottoman Turks who brought with them two novelties: a new language and a new religion, Islam.

Ottoman Empire

It should be noted that the Ottoman Empire was born long before the arrival of Mehmed II Faith. In its beginnings it was a small state formed by Turkic peoples (today only 6 Turkic countries are recognized: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Turkey and Uzbekistan).

The greatest moment of the Ottoman Empire was with Süleyman I (Soliman the Magnificent), who conquered much of North Africa, regions of the Middle East and Southeastern Europe. We are talking about one of the most legendary empires in history, as it spanned some 600 years.

During the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, especially Istanbul, lived through one of its best times: multicultural, free and rich. Isn’t it wrong, isn’t it? Mosques and luxurious palaces were built everywhere, spice markets and all kinds of products that came from the Far East… Although like everything, this golden age also had an end of expiration.

Today A Brief History of Turkey Timeline 

The history of Turkey, a thirteenth-century Mongol archer, can be seen in two chapters of the history of the Ottoman race and before it. Between the seventh and twelfth centuries, many branches of Turks from Central Asia came and settled here. Earlier there were settlements of Aryans (Yavan, Hellenic) in the west and Caucasian castes in the east. Evidence of human settlement is found here in Turkey about 4500 years ago. The Hittite empire was founded in 1900–1300 BC.

At the Battle of Troy in AD 1250, the Yavonas (Greeks) decimated the city of Troy and established control over the surrounding areas. From 1200 BCE, the arrival of the rivers in the coastal areas started. In the sixth century BCE, Shah Cyrus of Persia took control of Anatolia. After about 200 years, in 338 BC Alexander defeated the Persians and took control over it. History of Turkey

Later Alexander reached India via Afghanistan. Anatolia became part of the Roman Empire in 130 AD. Fifty years after Christ, Saint Paul preached Christianity and in 3113 the Roman Empire adopted Christianity. Within a few years, the Constantine Empire was separated and Constantinople was made its capital. The Byzantine Empire was at its peak in the sixth century but within 100 years Muslim Arabs asserted their authority over it.

After being trapped in crusades in the twelfth century, the Byzantine Empire began to decline. The Ottoman Empire emerged in the year 128 and the fall of Kastunatuniya in 1853. This event played an important role in bringing the Renaissance to Europe. History of Turkey.

History on Turkey
History on Turkey

War of Troy

War of Troy – is the main event of the ancient Greek mythology collection. The Greeks besieged the city of Troy for 10 years. Homer’s Iliad composition describes the decisive scenes of only 51 days of this war. The prince of Troy kidnaps Queen Helen of Sparta and takes them to the city of Troy. To avenge this insult, all the kings and heroes of Greece attacked Troy together. While returning from Troy, his ship fell into a storm. He wandered here and there for a long time. History of Turkey

More About Turkey

Turkish (Ottoman: Türkiye pronunciation: Turkia) is a country located in Eurasia. Its capital is Ankara. Its main- and official language is the Turkish language. It is the only Muslim majority country in the world which is secular. It is a democratic republic. Its Asian part is called Anatolia and the European part is Thrace. Position: 39 degree north latitude and 36 degree east longitude. Some of it falls in Europe and most of it in Asia, so it is called the ‘bridge’ between Europe and Asia.

Turkey Geography

This bridge is divided into two parts, commonly known as European turkeys and Asian turkeys, when they come in the middle of a thin aquifer of the Aegean sea. These two parts of Turkey are separated from each other by the Strait of Bosporus, Marmara Sagar and Dardanelj. The total area of ​​the Republic of Turkey is 2,96,185 square miles, of which the area of ​​European turkey (Eastern Thrace) is 9,068 square miles and that of Asian turkey (Anatolia) is 2,87,117 square miles. There are 451 marshland sites and 3,256 saltwater lakes under it. History of Turkey.

History of Turkey Timeline
History of Turkey Timeline

Russia and Iran to the east, Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean to the south, Greece and Bulgaria to the west and Kalasagar to the north determine its political boundaries. European Turkey – Tribhujakar is a peninsular region with the title East at the mouth of Bosporas. There are mountain ranges on both its north and south sides. The lower plain is found in the middle through which the Maritsa and Irgin rivers flow. Through this part, Istasmule is related to Western countries. Asian turkey – we can divide it into three natural parts. About United State of America History of Turkey

Turkey’s Freedom Struggle

Turkey’s independence struggle marched in Izmir on May 19, 1919 – July 24, 1923) between Turkish nationalists and those fighting on behalf of the Allies (namely, Greece on the western border and Armenia on the eastern border) Was. It is important to note that after the conquest of Turkey (Ottoman Empire) in the First World War, it was divided and occupied. More about Russia.

Modern Turkey
Modern Turkey

Turkey History Facts

Here Some facts about Turkey in History of Turkey.

  • The metamorphosis of Hagia Sophia

The history of the famous Hagia Sophia has several important changes. It was built in 537 as an Orthodox cathedral or church. Years later, in 1453 and under the Ottoman Empire, it was converted into a mosque. For this they added 4 minarets to the construction and a theological school.

  • Santa Claus is Turkish

Saint Nicholas, known today as Santa Claus, was born and lived in Demre (Myra) on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Its famous church of St. Nicholas contains a sarcophagus that is believed to be the tomb of the mythical character.

  • It is home to the first Christian church

It is believed that this Church-Cave was excavated by the apostle Peter himself for the Christian community of Antioch.

  • Turkey is a secular country

Turkey is a secular country that separates religion from politics, yet most of the population is Muslim.

  • Noah landing in Turkey

Noah’s Ark is believed to lie on Mount Ararat although no excavations have been made. But, despite the fact that this has not been done, the Turks assure that after the flood there it went to stop

  • Its national drink is made from yogurt

Ayran, a drink based on yogurt, salt and water that is taken between meals, is very popular among Turks of all ages.

People And Culture of Turkey 

Culture of Turkey: The dress of the culture of Turkey has been one of striking elements for those people who visit this country. Well, women are not usually dressed like the rest of the Muslim women. So, the style of dress has changed. It included, broadly speaking, the concept of fashion in the clothing of women in Turkey.

Clothing Of Turkey

The culture of today’s Turkey has changed some shades, designs from the traditional garments of the Muslim woman, but in essence, they continue to work and mean the same thing. Generally, the most commonly used garment in Turkey is the veil. history of turkey fashion.

Fashion of Turkey Getty Image Sheni Shenay
Fashion of Turkey Getty Image Sheni Shenay

Fashion in Turkey: There are two types of veils: hijab and shayla. Although in other regions and Islamic countries they usually use surka, nigab and chador.

On the other hand, there are typical costumes for Turkish dances such as efe, used to dance the seybek. While at the kiliç kankan dance, performers don military costumes to commemorate the Ottoman conquest and perform feats of war with their shields and swords. Many of the world’s cultures perform dances and have costumes alluding to war, specifically in Peruvian culture. history of turkey.

fashion in turkey Getty Image Cansu Kaya
fashion in turkey Getty Image Cansu Kaya


Brief summary of the history of Turkey (


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