Early Paraguay History Timeline
The brief Paraguay History: The prehistory of Paraguay, or the pre-Columbian history of Paraguay is the period from the beginning of the human settlement of present-day Paraguayan territory to the arrival of the European conquerors in the 16th century. There is almost no information before the first Jesuit missions in Paraguay established in the 17th century.
History on Paraguay
- Total Area of Paraguay: 406,752 sq km land: 397,302 sq km water: 9,450 sq km
- Capital of Paraguay: Asunción (Nuestra Señora Santa María de la Asunción)
- Language of Paraguay Spanish: República del Paraguay; Guarani: Tavakuairetã Paraguái
- Continent of Paraguay: South America
- Currency of Paraguay: PYG – Paraguayan Guarani
Religions Ration in Paraguay
Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1%
Prehistory Paraguay and Settlement
Paraguay history of Settlement: It is estimated that the Paleolithic peoples arrived where paraguay is currently around 6000 years BC, and the Neolithic peoples 3000 years before Christ. More than 6,000 years ago, the Kaingang were the prehistoric ancestors of the Guarani. The first human beings to reach the current territory of the country, communities of Paleolithic culture, settled in the Paraguayan Chaco. They were hunter-gatherers and nomads. Later humans are different from Neolithic culture, they practiced incipient agriculture and practiced pottery. They were semi-sedentary and occupied the eastern region of the country.
In prehistoric Paraguay, there were three racial groups: the Pampids, who settled in chaco; the Laguídeos, located in random spaces in the eastern region, and the Neolithic of the Amazonian peoples, who settled on the banks of the Paraguay River and also in the Paraná River basin. These three rational groups would correspond freely to the Mascoian, Mataco-Guaicurú and Tupi-Guarani peoples respectively.
Cerro Guazú is the main heritage of paí tavyterã a place where, according to indigenous beliefs, the Creator God and great-grandfather, Ñande Rú, emerged from where the world and humanity were created. The oldest human presence is found on this hill, where human ossadas were found more than 5,200 years ago. At that time, arrowheads and objects were made of quartzite on site. Also documented were about 1400,60 drawings recorded within <> m of the walls of the shelter, as a sample of rock art.
Origin of Paraguay History
Origin Paraguay history: As it has played a great role throughout its history, to know the origin of Paraguay you must first know how it is and its geographical location. Enclosed in the heart of the South American continent, “trapped” between the two great ones of the South, Brazil and Argentina, Paraguay borders to the north and northwest with Bolivia, to the south and west with Argentina and to the northeast and east with Brazil.
It is a country of splendid and fertile lands in which a large part of the population still lives in economic phases of subsistence and barter. And it suffers from a secular backwardness that, until recently, placed it among the poorest countries in America. In Spanish times it oscillated between the domains of Peru and Río de la Plata. Until the revolt of the comuneros against the Peruvian authorities decanted the inclination of the country towards the orbit of the River Plate.
That did not free him from the occupation, as he was literally invaded by Argentine President Manuel Belgrano. Independence brought him only chronic dictatorial situations; moreover, it had to bear the cost of wars with Brazil and Bolivia, and thus resolve both its identity and its borders.
Currently, Paraguay is striving to recover its territory, organize its network of urban infrastructures, colonize every corner of the depopulated Chaco; in short, to get out of your isolation.
Pre-Hispanic development of Paraguay History Timeline
Tupi-Guarani Paraguay History: During the period prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, the Tupi-Guarani groups were distributed over a wide geographical area. The Tupi occupied the middle and lower part of the Amazon basin and the main tributaries of the Atlantic coast. In Paraguay, the presence of several Tupi-Guarani peoples is documented, including the Guarani themselves, paí tavyterã, chiriguanos and tapietés. These groups would constitute the majority of the Amazonian peoples of pre-Hispanic Paraguay.
The Guarani occupied the area of the coast between Cananea and Rio Grande do Sul, from where they stretched to the Paraná, Uruguay and Paraguay rivers. Its territory reached the north to the Tietê River and west to the Paraguay River. In addition, separated from this block, lived the Group Avá-Guarani, located on the border with the Inca empire. Despite the dispersion, these groups shared a sociocultural base. In Paraguay, the Guarani occupied basically the eastern part of the territory.
The Guarani guided their actions and are still guided by La Tierra Sin Mal, who was at the base of his warrior culture and ritual cannibalism. These groups were organized into extended families that inhabited the malocas, where they constituted the basic unit of kinship characterized by a high degree of political and economic autonomy. At a higher level of organization, there were villages that could receive up to 1,000 people. Each village had a leader, but the group of villages that formed a tekóa recognized the mburuvichá, who led the group’s external relations, and the warrior groups above their leaders.
They were skilled canoe navigators, jungle hunters, gatherers, fishermen and practiced agriculture. Among the most important crops were cassava, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, corn and yerba mate, which they used to drink, a drink that is still consumed today.
Succession from father to son was not a consensual rule, although there was a tendency to institutionalize hereditary leadership, maintaining leadership within the same lineage.
when was Paraguay founded?
Europeans first made contact with the semi-nomadic tribes that lived in what is now modern day Paraguay in 1516, and by 1537 the Spanish Empire had founded the city of Asuncion, making it one of the first modern settlements on the continent. Its position on the Paraguay River was a strategic site which remained important to the Spanish, who held control for the next 300 years. It was during this time that the evangelical Christian denomination the Jesuits came to eastern Paraguay to convert the local population. The Jesuit presence lasted for nearly 150 years until the central Spanish government banished them since they were unhappy with their practices.