World’s Oldest Language
It is not possible to answer exactly how many languages of the world there are. According to an estimate, the total number of languages in the world is about 6809, out of which, the number of speakers is 90 percent of the languages is less than 100000. There are about 150 to 200 languages that are spoken by more than 1 million people. There are about 357 languages that only 50 people speak. Not only this, there are 46 languages whose number of speakers is only 1.
But do you know which is the oldest language in the world? If you are not aware of the answer to this question, after reading this article you will know which is the oldest language in the world. In this article we are giving the details of the 10 oldest languages of the world according to the origin.
World’s 10 oldest languages
10. Armenian Language
The Armenian language is also part of the Indo-European linguistic group, which is spoken by the Armenians. Bibles written in the fifth century exist as its earliest appearance. The Armenian language originated in 450 BC. At present, about 5 percent of people speak this language. This language is spoken in Mesopotamia, the intermediate valleys of the caucus and in the southeastern region of the Black Sea. The region falls in Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan (northwestern Iran). It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia.
9. Korean language
The Korean language was spoken from around 600 BC. At present, about 80 million people speak the Korean language. The script of this language is Hangul. In ancient times, the Chinese settled in Korea, which is why the Korean language is strongly influenced by the Chinese language.
8. Arabic language
The entire Arab world communicates in this language. There are 42 crore people speaking this language in the world. Arabs are believed to have been speaking this language thousands of years before Christ. However, many changes have also taken place during this period. This language is found in Hebrew and Arabic languages today. It was once the official language of the Armenian Republic. There is evidence of its presence 1000 years BC. Even today the Arabic language is spoken in Iraq, Iran, Syria, Israel, Lebanon and modern Rome.
7. Chinese Language
Chinese is the most spoken language in the world. It is spoken in China and some countries of East Asia. The Chinese language belongs to the Chinese-Tibetan language-family and is actually a group of languages and dialects. Standardized Chinese is actually a language called “mandarin”. This language is 1200 years old and was spoken before the arrival of Jesus. Currently, about 1.2 billion people speak Chinese.
6. Greek Language
The Greek language of today is quite different from the Greek Language that was spoken in ancient times. This language, more than three thousand years old, is the official language of Greece and Cyprus. Many of its characters are used as symbols in mathematics and science worldwide. The Greek language is the oldest language in Europe, spoken since 1450 BC. Currently Greek is spoken in Greece, Albania and Cyprus. About 13 million people still speak Greek today.
5. Egyptian Language
The Egyptian language is the oldest known language in Egypt. This language belongs to the Afro-Asian linguistic family. and spoken as long ago 2600–2000 BC. This language is still keeping its nature alive.
4. Hebrew Language
Hebrew is the language falling under the Semitic branch of the Sami-Hami language-family. The Hebrew language is about 3000 years old. It is currently the official language of Israel. After its extinction, the Israeli people revived it. The Jewish community considers it to be ‘holy language’ and the Old Testament of the Bible was written in it. The Hebrew language is written in the Hebrew script, read and written from right to left. Studies of Hebrew are relatively popular nowadays in Western universities. The official language of Palestine after the First World War is also modern Hebrew.
3. Latin Language
Latin is the oldest language in Europe. Latin was the official language of the ancient Roman Empire and ancient Roman religion. It is currently the official language of the Roman Catholic Church and the official language of the Vatican City. Like Sanskrit, it is a classical language. Latin is part of the romance branch of the Indo-European language-family. From this, French, Italian, Spanish, Romanian and Portuguese are the most popular language of the present time, English originated. Due to the dominance of Christianity in Europe, Latin language in medieval and pre-modern times was the international language of almost all Europe, in which books of all religions, science, higher literature, philosophy and mathematics were written.
Lithuanian Language is one of the oldest languages in the Europe. It’s related to Sanskrit, Latin language as well as the Greek Language. Lithuanian Language is a Baltic language. This is a branch language of Latin. This Language is the official language of Lithuania, Latvia, as well as an official language of the EU (European Union). There are more than 3 million native Lithuanian speakers in Lithuania and about 200,000 speakers elsewhere.
Lithuanian is closely related to the neighboring Latvian Language. Lithuanian language is written in Latin script. It is said to be the most conservative of the existing Indo-European languages. English, Italian, and German concept are accepted from Lithuanian language. So, we can tell Lithuanian is the root language of English, German, and Italian.
2. Tamil Language
Tamil language is recognized as the 2nd oldest language in the world and it is the oldest language of the Dravidian family. This language had a presence even around 5000 years ago. According to a survey, 1863 newspapers are published in totally the Tamil language every day. At present the number of speakers of the Tamil language is around 7.7 crores. This language is spoken in India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia. Tamil: Based on philology and available evidence, Tamil language is considered as 2,500 years BC. According to the Tamil community, the Tamil language is 50,000 years old or even older and is the first language in the world. This community believes that they have come to the Indian subcontinent from “Kumur Kandam (Continent)” (Lemuria Continent). Tamil is also called “Dev Bhasha” Thiru, the strongest prize and philologist of Tamil language. According to Devaney Pavanar, “Kumur Kandam (Continent)” (Lemuria Continent) sank in the Indian Ocean 14,000 thousand years ago. Whether or not that continent was actually there is a dispute even today. Tamil is oldest language still spoken and most ancient language.
1. Sanskrit Language is oldest Language
The Sanskrit language is called Dev-Bhasha. Sanskrit is the first language of the world still spoken. All European languages seem inspired by Sanskrit. All the universities and educational institutions spread across the world consider Sanskrit as the most ancient language. It is believed that all the languages of the world have originated from Sanskrit somewhere. Sanskrit language has been spoken since 5000 -12000 years BC. Sanskrit is still the official language of India. However, in the present time, Sanskrit has become a language of worship and ritual instead of the language of speech. All the auspicious works performed in Hindu religion are recited by Veda Mantra, whose language is Sanskrit. In sum Sanskrit is the first ever language of the world as well as the world’s oldest written language. Read more about Hinduism religion another source Australian Broadcasting Corporation
Read More About Top 10 Oldest Religion in The world
Contributing Writer and Photographer at hitrecord.org
Haverhill, Massachusetts, United States