History of Jordan: Important Middle East Country
History of Jordan: Jordan is a small but important country in the Middle East. Jordan borders Israel in the west and Iraq in the east. Syria in the north and Saudi Arabia in the south.
Jordan is a small but important country in the Middle East. Jordan borders Israel in the west, Iraq in the east, Syria in the north and Saudi Arabia in the south. Jordan also has a monarchy like almost all Arab countries, and the control of governance is entirely in the hands of the royal family, due to its politico-geographical position and interest in the diplomacy of the royal family, this country has always been in the news.
Modern History of Jordan
Shah Hussein, the previous ruler of Jordan, took the throne at the age of 17 after the death of his grandfather Shah Abdullah in 1951.
Capital of Jordan -Amman.
Jordan Currency dinar
Jordan Population- about 5.5 M
Jordan Language – Arabic
Jordan Total area – 90 thousand square kilometers
Shah Hussein remained in power for 48 years and after his death in 1999, his son Shah Abdullah II took power.
Jordan did not exist as a country until the first decade of the last century, from the First World War, Britain and the Allies occupied Palestine and its allied areas for some time after the war. But after the second world war, Jordan was formed in 1948–49 and its command was handed over to Shah Abdullah and the British army left.
After the end of World War II, Brititsh Mandate Palestine (modern Israel, Jordan and Palestine) was created and Israel was created. Jews who were displaced from Europe during World War were settled here and in the year 1947 Israel became an independent country. Initially Jordan’s relations were different from those of Israel and other Arab countries. The two countries share a long geographical border and Jordan accepted the Partition proposed by the United Nations in 1947. Under this, it was decided that Jews and Muslims would remain separately in Israel and Jordan respectively.
From the time of Israel’s inception, other Arab countries began to oppose it, because Jerusalem, the holy site of Muslims, had become Israel’s possession. It was only after the formation of Israel that the Arab countries jointly invaded Israel in 1948 and under pressure from the Arab countries, Jordan also had to take part in the war. Jordan captured East Jerusalem and the West Bank after the war.
Jordan Israel War 1967
In 1967, Israel attacked and seized part of what is today called the West Bank or West Bank. Since the 1967 war, Palestinian refugees have come to Jordan in large numbers and their arrival continues. According to government statistics, out of about 55 lakh population of the country, 10 lakh people are refugees, the real number is said to be much more.
Palestinian Arabs comprise 60 percent of Jordan’s population, while the rest of the population belongs to the Arabic tribes, of which the Bedouin tribe is the most prominent. Iraqi refugees have also lived in large numbers since the 1991 Gulf War in Jordan. About Israel Jerusalem
Jordan has a constitutional monarchy which means that the Shah of the country is the top leader who cannot be removed or changed. But unlike many Arab countries, Jordan also has an elected parliament named Majlis e Umma. Its Majlis A Umma elections are held once in four years and in the last election women were also given the right to vote.
Shah Abdullah II of Jordan is educated in Britain and USA. In Jordan, the Shah has the most powers, including appointing the Prime Minister, but the 80-member Majlis is elected by the public, which has an important role in policy-making. About Saudi Arab