The History of Vietnam
A brief history of Vietnam: Vietnam (Viêt-Nam) is bathed to the east by the South China Sea and to the south by the Gulf of Siam. It has a history of thousands of years. It is bordered on the north by China and on the west by Laos and Cambodia. Almost fifty years after the end of the terrible Vietnam War, this Southeast Asian country is still experiencing the aftermath of a conflict that represented a real disaster. History of Vietnam.
History On Vietnam
History on Vietnam: In the last century, Vietnam has suffered a period of fighting, war and disputes. The scars that so many years of confrontation created in the Vietnamese economic, political and social fabric are not easy to heal, among other reasons because it is a territory that does not have significant natural resources.
The population, which is concentrated in the Red River and Mekong deltas, has increased very significantly in recent years, and is about to reach 100 million people. Rice crops, which have one of the highest yields in Asia, are not only enough to feed the population but even allow export.
But Vietnam lacks an industrial infrastructure that would allow it to integrate into the new world order. In this sense, it represents a situation characteristic of Asia, a continent in which countries with serious problems of underdevelopment are no exception.
Early History of Vietnam : Ancient Vietnam
Early history of Vietnam: About 2,000 years ago, the people of North Vietnam began growing rice in the Red River Valley. To irrigate their crops they built dikes and dug canals. They were forced to work together and thus an organized kingdom called Van Lang emerged.
However, in South Vietnam there was Indian influence. From the first century to the sixth century AD.C., the southernmost part of Vietnam was part of a state called Funan. In the middle of Vietnam, in the second century AD.C. a state of Indian influence called Champa emerged.
In North Vietnam the people resented Chinese rule and in 40 AD.C. the Trung sisters led a rebellion. They formed an independent state. However, in 43 AD.C. the Chinese crushed the rebellion and the sisters committed suicide. The Chinese continued to rule North Vietnam until the tenth century.
Finally in 938 a leader named Ngo Quyen defeated the Chinese at the Battle of the Bach Dang River and North Vietnam became an independent state.
In the thirteenth century the Mongols invaded Vietnam three times. In 1257 and 1284 they captured capital, but withdrew sooner and earlier. Then, in 1288, Vietnamese leader Tran Hung Dao defeated the Mongols on the Bach Dang River.
However, in the early fifteenth century, China attempted to regain control of North Vietnam. In 1407 they occupied the country, but their rule was resisted. In 1418 Le Loi began the Lam Son Uprising. In 1428 the Chinese were expelled and Le Loi became Emperor Le Thai To. Under his successors, the central Vietnamese state of Champa became a vassal state of North Vietnam.
However, in the early sixteenth century, the power of the Le dynasty declined. During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, two rival families seized power, the Trinh in the north and the Nguyen in the south. The Nguyen family conquered the Mekong Delta of the Khmer Empire. History of Vietnam.
Antiquity and Middle Ages of Vietnams
From the third century BC. The Vietnamese territory was divided between the Nam kingdom, to the north, influenced by China, and the Champa kingdom, to the south, influenced by the Hindus. In 208 BC.C. the Chinese general Chao Tó founded the kingdom of Nam-Viêt, which was incorporated into China in 111 BC.C.
Independent in 939, its expansion allowed the formation of the Dai-co-Viêt kingdom, in which several dynasties followed. During the Trân dynasty (XIII-XIV centuries) the invasions of the Mongols were rejected and during the reign of Lê-Thanh-Tông (1460-97) the Champa kingdom was conquered. History of Vietnam.
The Semi Legendary Period (-1000 BC)
From 1000 years before Christ.
It should be noted that the first known historical document relating the facts of the history of Vietnam dates back to 1339 AD. Until then, due to a lack of written documentation; the history of Vietnam is told, mixing history and legends…
Here are the beginnings of the history of Vietnam, a legend that dates back to the dawn of time. According to the annals, King Lac-Long, illustrious descendant of the Hông-Bàng, of the line of dragons (fabulous animal of the South Seas and considered the major totem of the first Viet) married an immortal, named Au-Co, descendant of the geniuses of the mountain.
From this union were born one hundred boys, all beautiful and strong. After this happy event, the prince and the fairy, aware of the transience of existence and the inescapable brevity of human happiness, resolved to separate. Au-Co then left for the mountains with fifty of their children.
The others followed their father to the shores of the South Seas. This dissemination would have allowed the birth of the hundred regions of Vietnam (Bach Viet), spread over a very large area between the Red River in the North, the Champa in the South, the China Sea in the East and the Tzu Chuan in the West. Of all these principalities, the most dynamic and best organized seemed to be Lake Vietnam, or Van-Lang, literally the Land of the Literate, whose extent corresponded to present-day North Vietnam to the northern part of Central Vietnam. History of Vietnam.
From Legend To History Of Vietnam
The legend gives way to history from 257 BC, King An-Duong, a Chinese ruler, descendant of the Thuc ruling the kingdom of Tây-Au, present-day Yunnan (China), furious at having been refused the hand of a Vietnamese princess, raised an army and undertook the annexation of Lake Vietnam. He made it the kingdom of Au-Lac, (shortcut of Tây-Au and Lac-Viêt). King An-Duong reigned until 208 BC thanks in particular to the protection of a spiral-shaped citadel, called Loa-Thành.
In 206 BC, the Chinese general Zha-Tuo, called by the Vietnamese, overthrew King An duong. Called the “General Triêu-Dà” he reigned over Nam-Vietnam, one of the hundred Viet principalities of the coastal zone located northeast of present-day Tonkin, he subdued the kingdom of Au-Lac, thanks to a matrimonial subterfuge. A semblance of marriage between his son Trong-Thuy and Princess My-Châu, daughter of King An-Duong, allowed the conquest of the citadel with nine enclosures, reputed until then inviolable.
He founded the Southern Yue Dynasty or “Trieu Dynasty” and proclaimed himself king of Nam Viet.
The Triêu dynasty ruled until 111 BC, when the first Chinese rule in Vietnam’s history was established.
Dramatic and heroic, vietnam’s history has touched the whole world. Known for its many wars and multiple colonial occupations. The various wars in Vietnam bear witness to great suffering. But Vietnam’s history is also punctuated by achievements that make the Vietnamese people proud.
It seems that the Vietnamese people have always been relentless in repelling the invader and yearning for freedom and independence.
This independence was officially recognized on September 2, 1945. The day President Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Declaration of Independence, a new page of history began for the Vietnamese people! An era of independence and freedom!
We do not pretend here to an exhaustive development of the history of Vietnam. Here in this article are the main lines of vietnam’s history summarized that led it to that of an independent and autonomous country. History of Vietnam.
The Long Bien Bridge in Hanoi
- The semi-legendary period (-1000 BC)
- Chinese rule (111 BC). JC – 939 AD JC)
- The Great National Dynasties (939- l945)
- Nguyen Dynasty (1802–1945)
- French colonization (1862-1945)
- End of French colonization and independence of Vietnam (1945 – 1954)
- The Vietnam War (1954 – 1975)
- From 1975 to the present day
- Management of the covid 19 crisis
- To go further in the history of Vietnam
- Video on the history of Vietnam
Chinese Rule In Vietnam (111 BC). JC – 939 AD JC)
It was then the long night of Vietnam’s history, a night of ten centuries, during which Chinese civilization would firmly establish itself in the country. There were, of course, many uprisings, such as those of the Trung sisters in 39-43 AD, of Triêu Au in 248, of Ly Bôn in. 544, by Phùng Hung in 791, but some were quickly repressed, while others were only a short-lived success. History of Vietnam.
Chinese rule, which lasted about 1,000 years, from 111 BC to 938 AD, can be divided into four distinct periods:
First Chinese rule (111 BC – 43 AD).
The Chinese general Lou Po-to (Lô-bac-Duc) destroyed the kingdom of Nam-yue (Nam-Vietnam) in 111 BC. The Chinese protectorate is established on Tonkin (Giao-Chi). In 39-43 AD revolt of the Trung-Trac sisters, Trung-Nhi, national heroines of Vietnam.
Second Chinese domination (44-543 AD).
Period of the great civilizing Chinese governors: Si Nhiêp, Tich Quang, Sinization of Vietnam (then called: Giao Chi, then Giao Châu). Formation of Lin-Yi, nucleus of the future Champa. Chinese campaigns against Champa. History of Vietnam.
Earlier Ly Dynasty (544-602)
Confusing period. The Chinese are maintained, despite several ephemeral and sometimes rival Vietnamese dynasties: earlier Ly, Later Triêu, Later Lily. Legend of the resistance of Ly Nam Dê at the Lake of Night. The kingdom received the name of Van-Xuân, then Viet.
Third Chinese domination (603- 938)
New period of Chinese domination, the country receives the names of An-nam-dô-hô-phu (General Protectorate of Annam); Tran nam dô hô phu (General Protectorate of Tran-Nam). The T’ang (618-907, and 923-936) left their mark on Tonkin by the Government of Kao P’ing (Cao Bien), the foundation of Dai – La and a strong administrative organization. However, many uprisings took place.
The Great National Dynasties (939- l945)
National independence: It was not until the tenth century that the long Chinese domination came to an end. Bach Dang’s famous victory marks the history of Vietnam. In the year of grace 939, Ngô Quyên drove the Chinese out of the country and founded the first national dynasty. Then will follow a system of power based on dynasties lasting about a thousand years. History of Vietnam.
For ten centuries, eight dynasties would succeed each other on the throne of Vietnam, with the same desire to organize and enlarge the kingdom. History of Vietnam.
European Colonization: Vietnam Colonization
From the sixteenth century, the presence of Europeans (Portuguese, English and French) led to rivalry between the various kingdoms for the benefit of their colonial expansion. The Nguyên were especially supported by Portugal in 1545. Based in Hué, they consolidated their dominance in the south with the conquest of Saigon (1698).
At this time Christianity was introduced, increasing the interest of France in that area. The political situation of the eighteenth century provoked peasant agitations (1737-50) and insurrections, which were dominated by Nguyê Ahn, of the Nguyên dynasty, with the help of the French. History of Vietnam.
Consolidated by the conquest of Saigon, Hué and Hanoi, Nguyên Phúc Anh decided to become emperor (1802) and adopted the name Gia-Long. During his reign he gave absolutist and unitary character to the empire, which he called Vietnam, and adopted the Code of the Tsíng (1811), the Manchu dynasty. During the reign of Ming Mang (1820-41) the Vietnamese protectorate over Cambodia was established. History of Vietnam.
The difficulties opposed to Christianity in Vietnam served as a pretext for Napoleon III for the invasion of the country with the help of Spain in 1859. This invasion ended with the conquest of Saigon and consolidated its commercial dominance.
Under the Treaties of Saigon (1862) and Hué (1867), France’s sovereignty over Cochinchina was established, ratified by a new Treaty of Saigon (1874). After the conquest of Tonquin, the Vietnamese emperor was forced to accept the protectorate of France (1883), but the Chinese intervention delayed its implementation until the Treaty of Tientsin (1885).
The territory of Vietnam, which became part, along with Cambodia, of French Indochina, was divided (1887) into a colony (Cochinchina) and two protectorates (Annam and Tonquin). With the first indigenous rebellions put down, the nationalist movement reappeared in 1905. History of Vietnam.
The reformist sector that collaborated with France failed in its efforts to establish a democratic regime and was overshadowed by more radical organizations. The attempt at constitutional monarchy with Emperor Bao-Dai and the government of Ngô Dinh Diêm ended in failure (1933). History of Vietnam.
Independence And Division
After the Japanese occupation in World War II, the nationalist and revolutionary ferment materialized in the creation by Hô Chi Minh of the Vietminh (1941). When the Japanese disarmed the French troops and pushed Bao-Dai to proclaim Vietnam’s independence (March 1945), the Vietminh approached the Allies and formed the National Committee for the Liberation of the Vietnamese People (August 1945). History of Vietnam.
The general insurrection provoked the abdication of Bao-Dai (25 August). Chinese troops occupied northern Vietnam, and British troops the south, awaiting the arrival of the French (Potsdam agreement).
With the approval of the Anglo-Saxon allies, Hô Chi Minh entered Hanoi and proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (2 September 1945), which was not recognized by France. This resulted in the Indochina War, concluded with the French defeat (Battle of Dien Bien Phu) by General Giap’s troops at Diên Biên Phu (1954).
The geneva conference agreements (21 July 1954) provisionally divided Vietnam into two states separated by the 17th parallel:
- To the north the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, with a communist regime.
- To the south the Republic of Vietnam, with a pro-Western regime.
All in the hope of a general election set before May 1956, which should allow reunification.
Democratic Republic of Vietnam
As the main agricultural areas came under the authority of the Saigon regime, the shortage of basic goods was soon noted. This situation was aggravated by the massive emigration to the south, which included technicians and administrative cadres.
Rebuilding the infrastructure was slow and difficult. The agrarian reform was a severe setback, since, carried out with political rather than economic objectives, the accelerated and violent collectivization of the land provoked a dangerous peasant revolt.
The existence of the Republic of Vietnam in the south, aided by the US, constituted a focus of disturbance for the Hanoi regime, so the Second Congress of the Lao Dông (5-10 September 1960) decided to conquer the south. History of Vietnam.
Lê Duan assumed the party secretariat, while Hô Chi Minh held the presidency of the Republic. With the economic and military help of China and the USSR, the regime stabilized and strengthened in the course of the war.
On the death of Hô Chi Minh (1969), he was succeeded by a collegiate system, with Ton Duc Thang as President of the Republic. At the end of the American bombings (January 1973) the country found almost all of the railway and road infrastructure destroyed. The industry was damaged at 60% capacity, and Hanoi and Haifong were left in ruins. Henry Kissinger’s visit to Hanoi (February 1973) implied an American commitment to contribute to the reconstruction of the country. History of Vietnam.
The Anti-American Resistance and the North-South War (1954 – 1975)
The great joy of the Vietnamese people was short-lived. Indeed, the fate of the country was not to be sealed: a month later, on 21 July 1954 exactly, the Geneva Conference, endorsing the ceasefire agreements between the France and the Viet Minh, decreed the division of the national territory into two roughly equal portions, according to a dividing line constituted by the 17th parallel, approximately at the height. History of Vietnam.
The provinces to the north of this river would fall under the Ben Hai River, in the province of Quang Tri (Central Vietnam).henceforth of the “Democratic Republic of Vietnam” which is communist, while the territories located in the South would pass first under the jurisdiction of the State of Vietnam, then under that of the Republic of Vietnam founded on October 26, 1955, placed under American influence. History of Vietnam.
Then began a period of atrocious war between South Vietnam, assisted by the United States, and North Vietnam, helped by China and the Soviet Union, causing the death of millions of people. 20 years later, following the withdrawal of American troops, the country was reunified in 1975 and passed in its entirety under the communist regime that continues to this day. History of Vietnam.
The History Of Vietnam War Timeline (1954 – 1975)
The great joy of the Vietnamese people was short-lived. Indeed, the fate of the country was not sealed: a month later, on July 21, 1954 exactly, the Geneva Conference ratified the ceasefire agreements between the France and the Viet Minh. It decreed the division of the national territory into two roughly equal portions. Along a demarcation line consisting of the 17th parallel, approximately at the height of the Ben Hai River, in quang Tri province (Central Vietnam).
Split of the territory and beginning of tensions north-south.
History of south Vietnam: The provinces north of this river would henceforth be part of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. While the territories located in the South would first pass under the jurisdiction of the State of Vietnam, then under that of the Republic of Vietnam founded on October 26, 1955, after a popular referendum. The History of Vietnam war Timeline.
The northern part is ruled by a communist regime, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The South became the Republic of Vietnam, firmly anti-communist and supported by the United States. History of the Vietnam war.
Hostility is great between the two Vietnamese poles. This leads the United States to become more involved, under the pretext of maintaining peace. This is the outbreak of the Vietnam War. History of Vietnam war.
The History of The Vietnam War
A Tragic event in Vietnam’s History
An awful conflict that will upset the whole world begins. It pits South Vietnam, slyly seconded by the United States, against North Vietnam. This war, causing the death of millions of people, ends 20 years later. As the conflict proved intractable and increasingly unpopular, U.S. troops withdrew.
Key date in Vietnam’s history: April 30, 1975 the fall of Saigon
The end of the Vietnam War is marked by the date of April 30, 1975, the day of the fall of Saigon and strongly marks the history of Saigon. Communist forces invaded the southern metropolis at precisely noon. Less than an hour later, the tanks imposed themselves in front of the presidential palace. The leader of the southern troops Big Minh remains accepting his defeat, defeated, while the American ambassador Graham Martin fled by helicopter earlier in the morning. Big Minh is the last president of South Vietnam in the history of Vietnam. His term of office was two days.
“The boat people”
This event follows a landmark event in Vietnam’s history. The departure of a million South Vietnamese to foreign countries, the boat people.
Despite strong disagreements within Vietnam, leading to desperate population movements, it was the end of 30 years of wars. Vietnam will recover its sovereignty, the process is begun on September 2, 1945, during the declaration of Independence made by Ho Chi Minh.
1976: Official reunification in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Hanoi became the capital of the reunified country and, at the same time, Saigon became Ho Chi Minh City. The country passed in its entirety under the communist regime that continues to this day.
Birth of the Republic of Vietnam
Under Emperor Bao-Dai, Ngô Dinh Diêm formed a provisional government in Saigon (June 1954), but the referendum of 26 October 1955 removed the emperor, and Ngô Dinh Diêm proclaimed the republic and assumed the head of state.
A constituent assembly (March 1956) approved a new authoritarian-type constitution. South Vietnam became an essential element of the U.S. strategic apparatus in Southeast Asia.
Re-elected president (1961), Diêm had to face combined opposition from the National Liberation Front (FNL), successor to the Vietminh, and religious sects. The suicides of Buddhist bonzos (1963) and the first American casualties incited President Kennedy, through the CIA, to foment a coup d’état.
Diêm and his brother Ngô Dinh Nhu, chief of the police, were assassinated (November 1963), and General Duong Van Minh presided over a military junta, deposed in turn by General Nguyên Khanh (30 January 1964), who proclaimed himself president but was dismissed (October).
A new coup gave power again, but briefly, to Khanh (January-February 1965). In June, the army took power, and Generals Nguyên Van Thiêu (head of state) and Nguyên Cao Ky (prime minister) formed a war cabinet that decreed general mobilization, coinciding with the US “escalation” against North Vietnam.
A Constituent Assembly established a presidential regime (April 1967), and Generals Thiêu and Cao Ky were elected president and vice president, but could not end corruption and massive inflation stemming from dollar pressure on an underdeveloped and warring country. History of Vietnam.
After the Tet Offensive (January-March 1968), the suspension of bombing against the North and the coming to power of Nixon, with his program of Vietnamization (Gradual American Withdrawal), the Thiêu regime adopted new unpopular measures and exploited Washington’s fear of the political vacuum. History of Vietnam.
Thiêu was re-elected as the sole candidate (October 1971), but the Vietcong offensive (March-June 1972) undermined the morale of his troops and accelerated negotiations between Washington and Hanoi. The History of Vietnam war.
Following the Paris Accords (27 January 1973) and the subsequent withdrawal of American troops, the Saigon regime collapsed. On 30 April 1975 he capitulated to the forces of the Vietcong Provisional Revolutionary Government (GRP). History of Vietnam.
Reunification of Vietnam
The GRP took over the administration in the south. The program of “national reconciliation” and reconstruction, outlined by Hanoi, involved maintaining the division of the country. Since both States applied for membership in the United Nations (UN), which was denied them by the AMERICAN veto (September 1975).
On July 2, 1976, the reunification of Vietnam was proclaimed, which adopted the name of Socialist Republic of Vietnam. In January 1979 the Vietnamese army invaded Cambodia and installed a new Soviet-backed government in Phnom Penb.
China replied with a hint of invasion of Vietnam (February-March) that, added to the policy of “re-education” and “resettlement” of the South Vietnamese, the bad economic situation and xenophobia against citizens of Chinese origin, triggered a wave of refugees who became an international problem when they were rejected by the countries of the area (Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia).
A new Constitution was promulgated in 1980. They succeeded each other in the presidency of the Republic Truong Chinh (1981-87) and Vo Chi Cong (1987-91), and in the head of the Government Pham Van Dong (1980-88) and Do Muoi (1988-97).
Vietnamese diplomacy emerged from its isolation following the withdrawal of its troops from Cambodia (September 1989) and the re-establishment of relations with China. In 1991 Vo Van Kiet became president of the government, and remained in office after the National Assembly elected the Orthodox Le Duc Anh president (September 1992). History of Vietnam.
In July 1997, the new National Assembly, elected for the first time with plural candidacies, elected Tran Duc Luong as president, and Phan Van Khai as prime minister, who signed cooperation agreements with China and accelerated economic reforms. History of Vietnam.
Political changes also affected the Communist Party (CP), of which General Le Kha Phieu was elected general secretary (December 1997). The process of modernization and economic liberalization unleashed serious political tensions and popular demonstrations against corruption in 1997-98. In April 2001, Nong Duc Manh, speaker of the National Assembly, was appointed general secretary of the CP.
Culture of Vietnam
Fashion and Culture of Vietnam:
Timeline of Vietnam’s History
Below you can find a summary of vietnam’s history in the form of a timeline. This way you won’t miss any important historical events.
- 750-300 BC.C.: Dynasty of the Huong kings and beginning of the dóngson culture.
- 207 a.C.: Chao Tó founds the kingdom of Nam-Viêt and establishes the capital at Phiên Ng (near Canton).
- 111 BC.C.: Nam-Viêt is integrated into the Chinese Empire and becomes the province of Chiao-Chih.
- 111 a.C-39: The Han annex Nam-Viêt. Introduction of Chinese writing and conlucianism
- 618: The Tang Dynasty begins in China
- 679 – China creates the general protectorate of Armam.
- 863: Occupation of the protectorate by Nan Tchao
- 917: End of the Tang Dynasty in China.
- 939: Ngô Quyen eradicates the reign of Nan Han Traditional date of the independence of Nam-Viêt.
- 944: Death of Ngó Quyen.
- 968: Dinh Bo Linh proclaims himself emperor and founds the Dai-co-Víêt
- 972 – China recognizes the independence of dai-co-Viêt.
- 1010: Foundation of the capital of Dai Viêt: Hanoi
- 1075: War against China
- 1128-38: Khmer invasions.
- 1257: The Mongols attack Dai Viêt. Vietnamese victory.
- 1287-88: New Mongol attack. Second Vietnamese victory against the Mongols.
- 1406: Chinese invasion (Ming Dynasty).
- 1418: War of Independence.
- 1427 – Chinese troops evacuate the Dai Viêt.
- 1428: The Lê dynasty begins
- 1693: Dai Viêt annexes what remains of the Champa.
- 1698: The Cochinchina becomes a provicia Viêt.
- Seventeenth century: The first Europeans appear in Dai Viêt and annexation of the Khmer territories of Biên Hoà and Gia Dinh.
- 1804: Dai Viêt is renamed Vietnam under Emperor Gia-Long.
- 1856: French landing in Saigon.
- 1862: Cession of Cochinchina to France.
- 1883: French offensive in Tonquí. New Franco-Vietnamese treaty.
- 1887: Creation of the Indochinese Union.
- 1927: Creation of the Viê-Nam National Party in Hanoi.
- 1930: Creation of the Indochinese Communist Party
- 1940: Arrival of the Japanese in Viêt-Nam.
- 1941: Creation of Viêt-Minh.
- 1943: Organization of armed resistance in northern Viêt-Nam.
- 1945/September: Proclamation of the independence of Viêt-Nam by Hó Chi Minh.
- 1946/March: Hó Chi Minh-Sainteny Agreement.
- 1948/June: Ha Long Bay Agreement.
- 1949-50: Viêt-Minh insurrection.
- 1950: Arrival in Saigon of General de Lattre de Tassigny.
- 1951-52: Counteroffensive of General de Lattre de Tassigny.
- 1954: Genoa Accords.
- 1954-63: Government of Ngô Dinh Dlêm
- 1956: First Constitution of South Vietnam.
- 1960: Constitution of North Viêt-Nam.
- 1961: Creation of the liberation navy.
- 1963: Assassination of Diêm.
- 1964/August: Events in the Gulf of Tonquin.
- 1965: American bombing raids on North Viêt-Nam.
- 1968: Tet Offensive. End of the American bombings and beginning of the negotiations in Paris.
- 1969: Death of Hô Chi Minh and first withdrawals of American troops.
- 1975: Complete withdrawal of U.S. troops. Siege of Saigon by the North Vietnamese Flight of the boats peoples
- 1977: End of the Vietnam War.
- 1979/February: Chinese troops penetrate Northern Viêt-Nam and withdraw in March of the same year.
- 1991: Diplomatic relations with the U.S. are restored.
- 1994/February: End of the US embargo.
History Of The Flag Of Vietnam
The yellow five-pointed star of its flag, guides and represents the Vietnamese people. Workers, peasants, intellectuals, youth and soldiers, the celestial star indicates the duty of unity. This flag, symbol of Marxist-Leninist ideology and promulgated by Ho Chi Minh, accompanied this country during its resistance against the Japanese invader. The emblem was adopted by North Vietnam from 1945.
The Vietnamese fought against French colonial rule from 1945 to 1954, and against the American offensive between 1964 and 1973. With the reunification of Vietnam in April 1975, this pavilion was imposed logically and naturally. History of Vietnam.
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam was born. Red as the blood shed in armed conflicts, it symbolizes the revolution for the conquest of freedom. Since then, the gold star would fly in this Southeast Asian country, on the shores of the South China Sea, between the Mekong and Red rivers. History of Vietnam.
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