History of USA: United State of America
History of USA United State of America. In 1492, Columbus set out to find India. Since it was known that the world is round, it can reach the eastern coast of Asia from the west coast of Europe. He did not know at that time that another terrestrial part would also be located between Europe and Asia. When Columbus laid his feet on American soil, he felt that he had reached India. When he looked at the residents there, he found that they do not have the same color as Indians. So he called him Redhead.
In 1503 another maritime sailor Amerigo Vespucci reached America. He told the whole of Europe that it is not India but any other continent. People named America in honor of that sailor. America had its own civilization and culture before the arrival of European people. Those are known as Maya and Inca civilization.
History of American Culture
These residents of America had additional wealth. The Spanish and Portuguese people first saw this wealth. Due to Spain’s control over Portugal, the entire American continent fell into the hands of Spain. The people of Shapenish fought here and made them their slaves. Gradually, the civilization of those people started getting destroyed. Imposed their language on those people. Currently only 14 people know those languages.
Conquistadores and Spanish colonization
Columbus’s discovery opened a floodgate of Spanish exploration. Inspired by tales of rivers of gold and timid, malleable native peoples, later Spanish explorers were relentless in their quest for land and gold. Spanish explorers with hopes of conquest in the New World were known as conquistadores. Hernán Cortés arrived on Hispaniola in 1504 and participated in the conquest of the Island. Cortés then led the exploration of the Yucatán Peninsula in hopes of attaining glory. In 1519, Cortés entered Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec/Mexica Empire. He and his men were astonished by the sophisticated gardens and temples in the city, but they were horrified by the practice of human sacrifice. Above all, the Aztec wealth in gold fascinated the Spanish explorers.
History of US Timeline
Their old weapons did not work in front of the modern weapons of the Spanish people. Apart from this, the Spanish people also took the disease of smallpox with them, which the natives of there could not bear.
The influence of Spain on South America is still seen today. All of South America speaks Spanish. That is why it is called Latin America because Latin (Spanish) debate is spoken there.
North America was ruled by various European countries
- Britain was ruled by 13 colonies on the east coast of America. Half of France was ruled.
- Spain at the half (later won by France) In the 1770s, a sense of nationalism began to develop in 13 colonies of America.
- The British-imposed Vibration Karo, Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party ensured America’s independence.
America gained independence in 1783.
Reason of America’s rise as a superpower
- Every type of resource is found in the American continent. Their land actually spews silver and gold.
- California — America is blessed with California. He did not get this boon from God but he has taken it from Mexico. Even today if California is made a separate country, it will still be the second largest economy after America. California’s economy can be gauged from the fact that its economy is bigger than China. If America did not have California today, America would have been like India.
- America was also not untouched by the Industrial Revolution. There too, industry businesses developed.
- The Louisiana Purchase was a historic event involving the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France by the US. The area of the purchased land was approximately 828,000 square miles. This purchase was made in the year 1803. At that time, United States (America) President Thomas Jefferson played a leading role in purchasing land that helped double the size of America.
- On March 30, 1867, the US bought the Alaska from Soviet Union (USSR). You will be surprised to know that America bought Alaska for only 72 million dollars (451.81 million rupees).
Louisiana Purchase Legacy
The US we see today would not have been possible without largely encompassing the Louisiana Territory. This land was purchased in unknown areas immediately before the expansion of the Americas. In 1804, a regional government was established in the region. Jefferson soon embarked on an expedition called the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore the newly acquired territory. On April 30, 1812, the American state of Louisiana was established. It became the 18th state in the country and Louisiana became the first state to be built from land acquired by purchase. The US gained control of the port city of New Orleans and the Mississippi River, which is critical to the region’s trade and industrialization. History of Iran
America-Russia (USSR) Alaska purchase agreement.
Alaska, once known as Russia’s paradise, is now a part of America. On the same day, that is, on March 30, 1867, America bought Alaska from the Soviet Union. You will be surprised to know that America bought Alaska for only 72 million dollars (451.81 million rupees). Explain that due to the abundant oil reserves, gold and diamond mines in Alaska, it is called the ‘treasure’ of America, which Russia still regrets. This is how Alaska was sold… – The idea of selling Alaska came to the mind of Alexander Mikhailovich Gorkakov, the then foreign minister of the Soviet Union. Read: History of Russia
Why America is the most powerful country in the world?
The US economy is the world’s largest in terms of GDP, and is also technically the most powerful. The country’s most important exports are computer and electrical machinery, vehicles, chemical products, food, live animals and military equipment. The us It also has the world’s largest coal reserves. Due to its economic strength, the US takes advantage of these institutions due to the highest participation in the international body UNO, World Bank, International Monetary Fund etc. Today, the economy of a country will stop without oil. The US does not supply oil but provides security to countries like Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait etc.
Likewise, its cultural imprints spread across the world, led by its popular culture in music, films and television. The American media industry has a global audience, with television shows, music videos, and films distributed worldwide. The country is home to some of the top universities in the world, including Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The United Nations was a founding force behind institutions such as NATO and the World Bank.
How many states are there in USA?
The United States (which we call colloquially as “America”) is a group of 50 states. The total of 50 stars visible in the US national flag is the symbol of these states.
What was the name of the United States of America before 1776?
In 1776, the US Parliament renamed the country from the United Colonies to the United States of America.
Immigration and Relocation in U.S. History
History of US Timeline
In 1786 Native American
The U.S. establishes first Native American reservation and policy of dealing with each tribe as an independent nation.
In 1790 The federal government requires two years of residency for naturalization
In 1808 African American Congress bans importation of slaves.
1816 African American The American Colonization Society forms assists in repatriating free African Americans to a Liberian colony on the west coast of Africa.
In 1819 US Congress establishes reporting on immigration.
In year 1820 African American The Compromise of 1820 admits Maine as a free state, Missouri as a slave state and prohibits slavery in territories north of Missouri.
Year 1830 Native American Congress passes the Removal Act, forcing Native Americans to settle in Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River.
1845 Irish Potato crop fails in Ireland sparking the Potato Famine which kills one million and prompts almost 500,000 to immigrate to America over the next five years.
Year 1848 Mexican The Mexican-American War ends: U.S. acquires additional territory and people under its jurisdiction.
1849 Chinese The California Gold Rush sparks first mass immigration from China.
Year 1850 African American The Compromise of 1850 includes the Fugitive Slave Act, a law designed to assist in the recovery of runaway slaves by increasing federal officers and denying fugitive slaves a right to a jury trial.
In 1857 African American: Supreme Court’s Dred Scott Decision declares blacks are not U.S. citizens; rules 1820 Missouri Compromise’s ban on slavery in the territories unconstitutional.
Year 1860 Polish & Russian Poland’s religious and economic conditions prompt immigration of approximately two million Poles by 1914.
Year 1861 African American Abraham Lincoln takes the presidential oath of office. The Southern Confederacy ratifies a new Constitution and elects Jefferson Davis as the first Confederate president. The Civil War begins with Confederate soldiers firing upon Fort Sumter
In 1862 The Homestead Act of 1862 allows for any individual, regardless of gender, ethnicity, or country of origin, over the age of 21 or head of household to claim up to 160 acres of free land if they have lived on it for five years and made the required agricultural improvements.
The Union Army permits black men to enlist as laborers, cooks, teamsters, and servants.
1863 African American The Emancipation Proclamation abolishes slavery and permits African-American men to join the Union Army.
Year 1864 Congress legalizes the importation of contract laborers.
Native American Thousands of Navajo Indians endure the “Long Walk,” a three-hundred mile forced march from a Southwest Indian territory to Fort Sumner, New Mexico.
1868 African American
The 14th Amendment of the Constitution endows African Americans with citizenship.
Native American A clause in the 14th Amendment “excluding Indians not taxed” prevents Native-American men from receiving the right to vote.
Japanese Japanese laborers arrive in Hawaii to work in sugar cane fields.
Year 1870 African American The 15th Amendment of the Constitution provides African-American males with the right to vote
Year 1876 Chinese California Senate committee investigates the “social, moral, and political effect of Chinese immigration.”
1877 Chinese United States Congress investigates the criminal influence of Chinese immigrants.
1880 Italian Italy’s troubled economy, crop failures, and political climate begin the start of mass immigration with nearly four million Italian immigrants arriving in the United States.
1881 Polish & Russian The assassination of Czar Alexander II in 1881 prompts civil unrest and economic instability throughout Russia.
1882 Polish & Russian
Russia’s May Laws severely restrict the ability of Jewish citizens to live and work in Russia. The country’s instability prompts more than three million Russians to immigrate to the United States over three decades.
Chinese The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 suspends immigration of Chinese laborers under penalty of imprisonment and deportation.
Year 1885 US Congress bans the admission of contract laborers
Year 1887 Native American The Dawes Act dissolves many Indian reservations in United States.
In 1889 Native American Unoccupied lands in Oklahoma are made available to white settlers.
Year 1896 African American The Supreme Court rules in Plessy v. Ferguson that “separate but equal” accommodations for African Americans and whites are Constitutional. This decision allows for legalized segregation.
In 1898 Cuban & Puerto Rican The Spanish-American War begins with a naval blockade of Cuba and attacks on the island. The four-month conflict ends with Cuba’s independence and the U.S. acquisition of Puerto Rico and Guam.
Year 1900 Cuban & Puerto Rican Congress establishes a civil government in Puerto Rico and the Jones Act grants U.S. citizenship to island inhabitants. U.S. citizens can travel freely between the mainland and the island without a passport.
1907 The United States and Japan form a “Gentleman’s Agreement” in which Japan ends issuance of passports to laborers and the U.S. agrees not to prohibit Japanese immigration.
1911 Mexican The Dillingham Commission identifies Mexican laborers as the best solution to the Southwest labor shortage. Mexicans are exempted from immigrant “head taxes” set in 1903 and 1907.
1913 Japanese California’s Alien Land Law rules that aliens “ineligible to citizenship” were ineligible to own agricultural property.
1917 German: The U.S. enters World War I and anti-German sentiment swells at home. The names of schools, foods, streets, towns, and even some families, are changed to sound less Germanic.
1922 Japanese The Supreme Court rules in Ozawa v. United States that first-generation Japanese are ineligible for citizenship and cannot apply for naturalization
Year 1924 Japanese: Immigration Act of 1924 establishes fixed quotas of national origin and eliminates Far East immigration.
Native American: President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill granting Native Americans full citizenship.
1929 Congress makes annual immigration quotas permanent.
Year 1941 Japanese Japan’s surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii galvanizes America’s war effort. More than 1,000 Japanese-American community leaders are incarcerated because of national security.
African American: President Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802, forbidding discrimination in federal hiring, job-training programs, and defense industries. The newly created Fair Employment Practices Commission investigates discrimination against black employees.
1942 Japanese President Franklin Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066, authorizing the building of “relocation camps” for Japanese Americans living along the Pacific Coast.
Mexican Congress allows for importation of agricultural workers from within North, Central, and South America. The Bracero Program allows Mexican laborers to work in the U.S.
1943 Chinese The Magnuson Act of 1943 repeals the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, establishes quotas for Chinese immigrants, and makes them eligible for U.S. citizenship.
1945 Chinese The War Bride Act and the G.I. FiancÃ Act allows immigration of foreign-born wives, fiancÃ©(e)s, husbands, and children of U.S. armed forces personnel.
1948 The United States admits persons fleeing persecution in their native lands; allowing 205,000 refugees to enter within two years.
Japanese The Supreme Court rules that California’s Alien Land Laws prohibiting the ownership of agricultural property violates the Constitution’s 14th Amendment.
1950 Native American Bureau of Indian Affairs terminates federal services for Native Americans in lieu of state supervision.
1952 The Immigration and Nationality Act allows individuals of all races to be eligible for naturalization. The act also reaffirms national origins quota system, limits immigration from the Eastern Hemisphere while leaving the Western Hemisphere unrestricted, establishes preferences for skilled workers and relatives of U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens; and tightens security and screening standards and procedures.
Native American The Bureau of Indian Affairs begins selling 1.6 million acres of Native American land to developers
In 1953 Congress amends the 1948 refugee policy to allow for the admission of 200,000 more refugees.
1954 African American The Supreme Court rules in Brown v. Topeka Board of Education that “separate but equal” educational facilities are unconstitutional.
In 1959 Cuban & Puerto Rican Fidel Castro’s Cuban revolution prompts mass exodus of more than 200,000 people within three years.
Year 1961 Cuban & Puerto Rican The Cuban Refugee Program handles influx of immigrants to Miami with 300,000 immigrants relocated across the U.S. during the next two decades.
In 1964 African American The Civil Rights Acts ensures voting rights and prohibits housing discrimination.
In 1965 Chinese The Immigration Act of 1965 abolishes quota system in favor of quota systems with 20,000 immigrants per country limits. Preference is given to immediate families of immigrants and skilled workers.
Cuban & Puerto Rican “Freedom flight” airlifts begin for Cuban refugees assisting more than 260,000 people over the next eight years.
Mexican The Bracero Program ends after temporarily employing almost 4.5 million Mexican nationals.
1966 Cuban & Puerto Rican The Cuban Refugee Act permits more than 400,000 people to enter the United States.
1980 The Refugee Act redefines criteria and procedures for admitting refugees. World Oldest Languages
Year 1986 The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) legalizes illegal aliens residing in the U.S. unlawfully since 1982.
In 1988 Japanese The Civil Liberties Act provides compensation of $20,000 and a presidential apology to all Japanese-American survivors of the World War II internment camps. References By Global Timeline
Year 2001 Japanese A memorial honoring Japanese-American veterans and detainees opens on the edge of the Capitol grounds in Washington, D.C.
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