Turkey

History of Turkey : What Was Turkey Called Before

The history of Turkey, a thirteenth-century
Turkey Museum: Hagia Sophia

The history of Turkey, a thirteenth-century Mongol archer, can be seen in two chapters of the history of the Ottoman race and before it. Between the seventh and twelfth centuries, many branches of Turks from Central Asia came and settled here. Earlier there were settlements of Aryans (Yavan, Hellenic) in the west and Caucasian castes in the east. Evidence of human settlement is found here in Turkey about 4500 years ago. The Hittite empire was founded in 1900–1300 BC. At the Battle of Troy in AD 1250, the Yavonas (Greeks) decimated the city of Troy and established control over the surrounding areas. From 1200 BCE, the arrival of the rivers in the coastal areas started. In the sixth century BCE, Shah Cyrus of Persia took control of Anatolia. After about 200 years, in 338 BC Alexander defeated the Persians and took control over it.

Later Alexander reached India via Afghanistan. Anatolia became part of the Roman Empire in 130 AD. Fifty years after Christ, Saint Paul preached Christianity and in 3113 the Roman Empire adopted Christianity. Within a few years, the Constantine Empire was separated and Constantinople was made its capital. The Byzantine Empire was at its peak in the sixth century but within 100 years Muslim Arabs asserted their authority over it. After being trapped in crusades in the twelfth century, the Byzantine Empire began to decline. The Ottoman Empire emerged in the year 128 and the fall of Kastunatuniya in 1853. This event played an important role in bringing the Renaissance to Europe.

War of Troy

War of Troy – is the main event of the ancient Greek mythology collection. The Greeks besieged the city of Troy for 10 years. Homer’s Iliad composition describes the decisive scenes of only 51 days of this war. The prince of Troy kidnaps Queen Helen of Sparta and takes them to the city of Troy. To avenge this insult, all the kings and heroes of Greece attacked Troy together. While returning from Troy, his ship fell into a storm. He wandered here and there for a long time.

More About Turkey

Turkish (Ottoman: Türkiye pronunciation: Turkia) is a country located in Eurasia. Its capital is Ankara. Its main- and official language is the Turkish language. It is the only Muslim majority country in the world which is secular. It is a democratic republic. Its Asian part is called Anatolia and the European part is Thrace. Position: 39 degree north latitude and 36 degree east longitude. Some of it falls in Europe and most of it in Asia, so it is called the ‘bridge’ between Europe and Asia.

Turkey Geography

This bridge is divided into two parts, commonly known as European turkeys and Asian turkeys, when they come in the middle of a thin aquifer of the Aegean sea. These two parts of Turkey are separated from each other by the Strait of Bosporus, Marmara Sagar and Dardanelj. The total area of ​​the Republic of Turkey is 2,96,185 square miles, of which the area of ​​European turkey (Eastern Thrace) is 9,068 square miles and that of Asian turkey (Anatolia) is 2,87,117 square miles. There are 451 marshland sites and 3,256 saltwater lakes under it.

Russia and Iran to the east, Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean to the south, Greece and Bulgaria to the west and Kalasagar to the north determine its political boundaries. European Turkey – Tribhujakar is a peninsular region with the title East at the mouth of Bosporas. There are mountain ranges on both its north and south sides. The lower plain is found in the middle through which the Maritsa and Irgin rivers flow. Through this part, Istasmule is related to Western countries. Asian turkey – we can divide it into three natural parts. About United State of America

Turkey’s freedom struggle

Turkey’s independence struggle marched in Izmir on May 19, 1919 – July 24, 1923) between Turkish nationalists and those fighting on behalf of the Allies (namely, Greece on the western border and Armenia on the eastern border) Was. It is important to note that after the conquest of Turkey (Ottoman Empire) in the First World War, it was divided and occupied. More about Russia