The Qatar History Timeline
A History of Qatar: Qatar is a small peninsula on the western shore of the Arabian Gulf that covers approximately 4,247 square miles (6,286 square kilometers). The landmass forms a rectangle that local folklore describes as resembling the palm of a right hand extended in prayer. Neighboring countries include Bahrain to the northwest, Iran to the northeast, and the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia to the south. Qatar and Bahrain both claim the uninhabited Hawar Islands just west of Qatar.
Until recently, only small semipermanent seasonal encampments existed in the interior desert. Water resources near the coast combined with opportunities for fishing, pearl diving, and seagoing trade have supported larger, more permanent settlements. These settlement patterns have contributed to the social differentiation between Bedouin and Hadar.
History on Qatar
Fast Facts About Qatar
- Official Name: State of Qatar
- Capital: Doha
- Official Language: Arabic
- Currency: Qatari rial (QAR)
- Form of Government: Absolute monarchy
- Climate: Arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
- Total Area: 4,473 square miles (11,586 square kilometers)
- Highest Point: Tuwayyir al Hamir at 338 feet (103 meters)
- Lowest Point: Persian Gulf at 0 feet (0 meters)
Early History of Qatar
The History of Qatar Timeline: The human occupation of the Qatar Peninsula dates back to almost four thousand years before Christ, according to archaeological evidence, excavations, inscriptions and the few ceramics found in various areas of the country.
In the fifth century BC.C., the Greek historian Herodotus reported that the first inhabitants of Qatar were the Canaanite tribes, known for their navigation and naval trade. In addition, the so-called Map of Arabia by the Greek geographer Ptolemy also included what Ptolemy himself then called “Qatra”, which is believed to be a reference to the city of Zubara, which was formerly one of the most important trading ports in the Gulf area. Qatar played a vital role as recounted by Arab-Muslim historical sources. history of Qatar.
The inhabitants of Qatar participated in the preparation of the first naval fleet to transport armies during the Muslim conquests. Under Abbasid rule, during the eighth century Hijri (XIV AD.C.), Qatar lived a period of economic prosperity, as evidenced by the written records found in the Maroub Fort, on the west coast, which represent the Abbasid architectural character. history of Qatar.
The History of Qatar
A History of Qatar: Archaeological discoveries indicate the land of Qatar was populated since 4000 BC. From the fifth to the Fourteenth EC of the centuries, Qatar and its people have contributed to the cultural and economic development of the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern regions. During the 16th century CE the Qataris aligned with the Turks to expel the Portuguese from the region. Subsequently, Qatar and other regions of the Arabian Peninsula came under the control of the Ottoman Empire for the next four centuries. history of Qatar.
In the aftermath of World War I Turkish rule in Qatar ended, and Qatar signed a treaty of protection with Britain in 1916. However, British influence in Qatar is limited to administrative oversight. When Britain announced a policy to end treaty relations with the Persian Gulf emirates in 1968, Qatar joined the other eight states then under British protection (present-day United Arab Emirates and Bahrain) in a plan to form an Arab Emirates union. By 1971 the nine had not agreed on terms of union, and Qatar place became an independent state on September 3, 1971.
From this time on, qatar’s emirs have sought to change the country’s priorities to make the country modern and competitive. This includes Khalifa ibn Hamad efforts to reduce family allowances and increase spending on social programs such as housing, health, education and pensions. This has included a movement toward greater democracy, and a freer press. In 2003, a woman was appointed to the cabinet as Minister of Education. Other women’s rights have been granted by allowing women to drive, vote and participate in education and training. The country has also become increasingly open to tourism.
Border issues remain a problem between Qatar and Bahrain that there is a debate over who owns the Hawar Islands. They are situated just 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) from the Qatari mainland, despite being close to 10 nautical miles (19 km) from the main islands of Bahrain. In 2001, the International Court of Justice gave Bahrain sovereignty over the islands. Qatar fought this claim with a multitude of documents – 82oF which turned out to be false. It was decided that Bahrain owns the land, but it remains a point of contention for some.
In June 2005, Qatar’s first written constitution came into force, providing for some democratic reforms.
Qatar is a member of the UN, the Petroleum Exporting Countries Organization (OPEC), the Arab League, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It is a powerful Middle Eastern country with many allies in the region as well as abroad. history of Qatar.
Political Qarar’s History
The Al Thani family has ruled Qatar since 1847, though it was first under the Ottoman and then the British empire. Qatar became an independent nation in 1971 as the British left the region. Oil exports began after World War II, though it would take until 1997 before Qatar began shipping out liquified natural gas to the world. That new money powered Qatar’s regional ambitions. It founded the satellite news network Al Jazeera, which brought an Arab perspective to mass media that helped fuel the 2011 Arab Spring protests. It also launched Qatar Airways, a major airline for East-West trave
History of Doha
The History of Doha: Doha was founded in 1825 under the name Al-Bidda (now the port area of the city). The city became the capital of the British protectorate in 1916, and became the capital of the country when independence was achieved in 1971.
During the twentieth century Doha’s economy depended on fishing and pearl harvesting. With the introduction of Japanese pearls in the 1930s this industry suffered, and Doha experienced high rates of poverty. Oil was discovered in Qatar in the late 1930s, but World War II delayed exploration and export. Publishes World War II the city developed rapidly as oil exploration began. During this period, shrimp processing became one of the city’s main industries, and remains so today. In the 1970s the Qatar University and Qatar National Museum were established.
The city has continued to show monumental growth in recent years. In 2015, Qatar had a population of 2,194,817, making it one of the world’s fastest developing countries.
What is the Religion in Qatar?
What languages do you speak in Qatar?
The official language of Qatar is Arabic, and the local dialect is known as Qatari Arabic. English is an important language for trade and is used for communication between Qataris and foreign workers. Important immigrant languages in Qatar include Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Nepali, Malayalam and Tagalog. history of Qatar.
What Are Saudi Arabia and Qatar Conflict?
Conflict in Saudi Arabia: The incessant bankrolling by Qatar-based charity organizations have become a major cause behind global terrorism as millions of dollars have been sent to these organizations in camouflage for building mosques, madrasas and promoting education and employment opportunities among Muslim communities.
What Are Saudi Arabia and Qatar conflict? Qatar has long practiced an ambitious foreign policy with different priorities to some other Gulf states, but there are two key issues which have angered its neighbor’s in the past decade. One is Qatar’s support for Islamists. Qatar acknowledges providing assistance to Islamist groups designated as terrorist organisations by some of its neighbours, notably the Muslim Brotherhood. But it denies aiding jihadist groups like al-Qaeda or Islamic State (IS).
Read More History of Saudi Arabia