A Concise History Of Norway

The History of Norway Timeline

The History of Norway Timeline: Norway, with its demanding topography and climate, is a gem on the surface of the planet, and a challenge that the early people set out to conquer. Norway is a Nordic Country.

History of Norway: sky lights city
History of Norway sky lights city

The first people that came to these shores were hunters, fishers, and gatherers. As the millennia passed, and the population grew, the Norwegians also became farmers, and developed an identity and a culture. History of Norway.

Here is a list of the 15 main eras of Norwegian human history. Click to see a brief introduction to each historical period.

1. The latest ice age
115,000-10,000 BC
2. The Stone age
10,000-1800 BC

3. The Bronze age
1800-500 BC
4. The Iron age
500 BC-AD 1050

5. The High middle ages
AD 1050-1350
6. The Late middle ages
AD 1350-1537
7. The Early modern period
AD 1537-1814

8. Norway reborn as a sovereign state
AD 1814
9. Norway in union with Sweden
AD 1814-1905
10. Full independence at last
AD 1905

11. Prosperity, war and depression
AD 1905-1940
12. World War 2 and occupation
AD 1940-1945
13. The post World War 2 era
AD 1945-1970 History of Norway.

14. Transformation and neoliberalism
AD 1970-1990
15. Technology and globalisation
AD 1990-today

Facts About Norway Country

  • Total Area Of Norway    385,207 square kilometres (148,729 sq mi)
  • Capital of Norway  Oslo
  • Language of Norway Norwegian
  • Currency Of Norway The Norwegian krone

Religion Percentage of Norway

What Is The Religious Percentage in Norway?

Rank Religion Population Practicing The Religion % Of The Population Of Norway
1 Christian 4,133,360 84.70 %
2 Unaffiliated 492,880 10.10 %
3 Muslim 180,560 3.70 %
4 Buddhist 29,280 0.60 %
5 Hindu 24,400 0.50 %
6 Other Religions 9,760 History of Norway 0.20 %

The Early History of Norway Timeline

Early History of Norway: The land now known as Norway emerged from the last Ice Age thanks to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. The glacial land became habitable from around 12,000 BC. The long coastline and good conditions for sealing, fishing and hunting attracted people in numbers.

Although it is believed that people arrived earlier, the oldest human skeleton found in Norway was carbon dated to 6,600 BC. This incredible find was found in the waters of the Sognefjord as recently as 1994. History of Norway.
As people in the north began to travel on basic wooden skis and use slate tools, the Oslofjord region became suitable for farming thanks to tools and techniques from farther south. History of Norway.

Sometime around 2,500 BC, farming spread quickly northwards across the country, and oats, barley, pigs, cattle, sheep and goats became commonplace. History of Norway.

Fertile areas around the Oslofjord, Trondheimsfjord, Lake Mjøsa (near Lillehammer) and Jæren (near Stavanger) began to create wealth for these emerging farming communities.
Speakers of Uralic languages arrived in the north and mixed with the indigenous population, becoming the Sami people of today.

History of Norway : About 111 years ago Sweden agreed to give independence to Norway. Norway is a monarchical country. Norway has always had a tradition of kings. Today King Harald is the fifth King of this country. According to a report in Norway, King Herald had decided that he would never marry if he was not married to the person he loved. Although this did not happen, he was married to the one he loved. The girl’s name is Sonja Haraldsson and she is now the queen of Norway.

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The Norway has been influenced to an extraordinary degree by the terrain and the climate of the region.

About 10,000 BC, following the retreat of the great inland ice sheets, the earliest inhabitants migrated north into the territory which is now Norway.

Norway in the Iron Age

The Iron Age led to better tools and easier cultivation. New areas were cleared as the population grew with the increased harvests. A entirely new social structure evolved.

The Viking Age (793-1066 AD)

For more than three centuries, the Vikings voyaged and invaded neighbouring countries. Little by little they acquired national identities and became Swedes, Danes and Norwegians. Local chieftains were administrating their own areas of the country until Harald Hårfagre united Norway into one kingdom and became the first king around 885.

The fundamental element for the Vikings was the ships, the instrument and symbol of Viking expansion. Due to the exceptional qualities and navigational skills, they spread across Europe, down the Caspian Sea, to Greenland and Iceland, and in the year 1000 to North America, where Leif Eriksson reached the American continent – about five hundred years earlier than Christopher Columbus.

At that time Norway became a Christian country and the ruling king oppressed the Viking religion, but many people continued to hold on to the old beliefs. Traces of this Nordic mythology can still be seen in the names of the days of the week and in Norwegian holiday celebrations.

A Concise History of Norway
A Concise History of Norway

NORWAY IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Despite Harald Hardrada’s death in 1066 his family ruled Norway until 1130. However, after the death of Sigurd the Crusader Norway suffered a long series of civil wars.Peace and stability returned to Norway under Haakon IV (1217-1263). Under Haakon Norway became great. Norway annexed both Iceland and Greenland. Haakon was followed by his son Magnus known as the Lawmender. In 1266 Magnus realized it was not feasible to defend the Hebrides against attack from Scotland. So he sold the Hebrides and the Isle of Man to the Scottish king. (The Shetlands and Orkneys were given to Scotland in 1468).

In 1319 Norway was temporarily united with Sweden. King Erik of Norway was elected king of Sweden. The 2 kingdoms remained united until 1355.

Meanwhile, in 1349-1350 the black death struck Norway. It devastated the country and probably killed half of the population. Later in the 14th century, Norway was joined to both Denmark and Sweden. Margaret I was the queen of Denmark and Sweden. The Norwegians recognized her nephew as heir apparent to the Norwegian throne. In 1397 he was crowned king of all 3 kingdoms at Kalmar. Sweden broke away in 1523 but Norway remained united with Denmark until 1814. History of Norway.

NORWAY 1500-1800

In the 1530s the Reformation reached Norway. The Norwegians followed the Danes in accepting Lutheran doctrines.

During the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries trade and commerce in Norway grew. In the early 17th century Norwegian towns grew. In 1624 Oslo was destroyed by a fire but the Danish king Christian rebuilt it and renamed it after himself, Christiania. (The old name of Oslo was restored in 1924). In the 17th century, Norway exported fish, timber, iron ore, and copper. In the 18th century, ironworks were founded in southern Norway and they made all kinds of iron goods. The Norwegian merchant navy also grew substantially.

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In 1769 a census showed that Norway had a population of 728,000. The largest town was Bergen with a population of 14,000.
However, the growth of trade and industry should not be exaggerated. In the 18th century, the vast majority of Norwegians were farmers and fishermen. History of Norway.

Norway Union with Denmark

Norway entered the union with Denmark as a consequence of a Royal marriage in the 14th century. In addition the loss of political power was also effected by the Black Death which killed more than 50% of the Norwegian population. The trading activity was taken over by the Hanseatic liege and for about 200 years they controlled the distribution of fish from Bergen to the Baltic area. History of Norway.

The kingdom was named “Denmark-Norway” and the capital was Copenhagen. Danish became the official language among state officials from 1450 and a considerable cultural integration took place. By the end of the period the economy in general was growing and the population increasing. The fight for a more independent position within the union was confirmed by establishing the University in Oslo in 1811.

Union with Sweden

The year 1814 is a remarkable year in the Norwegian history. As a result of the Allies decision Norway was handed over to Sweden after the end of the Napoleon war. A constitutional law was formed and signed and the Swedish king Karl Johan came to Norway. The union with Sweden lasted less than 100 years and ended in 1905 as a result of a popular referendum. It was a “technical” union and non cultural integration took place between the two countries.

The parliament was divided in two and as the king was obligated to stay in Oslo for at least 3 months per year, the parliament building (Storting) and the Royal Palace was built during the middle of the 19th century – today forming the “heart” of the city centre of Oslo. History of Norway.

Norwegian independence

Was Norway involved in ww2? Norway declared itself neutral during both the First and the Second World War but nevertheless Norway was invaded and occupied by the Germans on April 9th, in 1940. With help from allied forces, Norway was liberated in May 1945 after resisting strongly against the German occupancy.

Norway accepted the Marshall Plan) from The United States and rebuilt the country within five years. After the war, Norway became a member of NATO and in 1952 the Nordic Council was established. The strong will to be “independent” is probably one of several reasons that explains the complexity subject regarding Norway`s relationship to Europe and to the fact that Norwegians have voted “No” to the European Union both in 1972 and in 1994. History of Norway.

Norway History

Norway has a total area of 3 lakh 85 thousand 252 square kilometers, the population of this country will be around 50 lakh. This country comes second in countries with minimum population density in Europe. The borders of this country are bordered by Sweden in the east and some areas of the north border with Finland and Russia. Norway may be one of the most petroleum-producing countries in the world. But the gas price in this country is quite high. This has been done so that the country can make profits.

The land now known as Norway emerged from the last Ice Age thanks to the warming effect of the Gulf Stream. The glacial land became habitable from around 12,000 BC. The Iron Age led to better tools and easier cultivation. New areas were cleared as the population grew with the increased harvests. A entirely new social structure evolved. History of Norway.

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norway capital oslo
Norway Capital oslo

About Norway

History on Norway: Norway is a country located in the continent of Europe and its capital is Oslo. Norwegian’s main language is Norwegian. The National Day is celebrated in Norway on 17 May, because Norway’s constitution was also made on this day in 1814 AD. The Parliament of this country is called Storgetting and the members of Storting are elected after every four years. Despite Norway being a small country, Norway is counted among the wealthiest countries and in the Global Peace Index, this country has been described as the most peaceful country in Europe. History of Norway.

Famous Tourist Places in Norway

Oslo Spectrum
Northern Cape
Monolith
Arctic cathedral
Bergen Aquarium
Oslo Town Hall
Sculpture Park
Pulpit rock

Norway Currency

The krone, plural kroner, is the currency of Norway and its dependent territories. It is subdivided into 100 øre, which have existed only electronically since 2012. History of Norway.

Norway has only 40 minutes of night

The sun does not set in the northern part of Norway for 76 days from May to July. Here the sun sets at 12.45 in the night, and rises again after 40 minutes. That is, the sun comes out at midnight. The sun rising at midnight is a wonderful thing in itself. The special thing is that, in Norway, the sun is not visible for 2 months of winter. That is, it stays here all night. This is also the biggest feature of Norway.
Norway natural beauty is also worth seeing. The beauty of Norway is made soon. This country falls within the Arctic Circle.

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Norway’s Natural Beauty

Norway: Beautiful country Norway Norway ranks 8th for natural beauty and development of cities. The people of Norway are very honest about their work. Women and men have equal rights in Norway, and lay the foundation for a better society there. Norway is known for environmental protection, striving for world peace and the High Standard of Living of the People. If a good book is written in Norway, the government buys a thousand copies of it so that these books can be kept in the library.

Norway Mysterious Northern Lights

Norway Mysterious Northern Lights
Norway Mysterious Northern Lights

Northern Lights is a feat of nature that is caused by a clash between the earth’s gas particles and the particles present in the sun’s atmosphere. The variation in color depend on the type of gases that collide. The most common color of these natural colors is pale yellowish-green, produced by oxygen molecules 60 miles above earth.

Northern Lights In Norway

The View of The Northern Lights looks spectacular. As night falls in the city, a stunning light appears in the heart of the city. Yes, there is a similar scene in the Norwegian city of Tromso and Longyearbyen. You can watch this colorful light show in Tromso and Longyearbyen. Here you can enjoy the beauty of the city as well as walking in colorful lights.

 

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