Best The Timeline History Of Netherlands
The History Of Netherlands: The Netherlands is a seaside country in the north-west of Europe. It is also called Holland, but its national name is ‘Netherlands’. Most of its area is also below sea level, due to which it is named. It is bordered by Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, the North Sea to the west and north.
The people who live in the Netherlands are called the Dutch. The Netherlands Formerly Known as Hollands is often referred to as Holland and the term Dutch is commonly used for both the inhabitants of the Netherlands and its language. The earliest human (Neanderthal) traces were found in high soil near Maastricht, which is believed to be around 250,000 years ago.
History On Netherland Timeline
Facts About Netherland Timeline:
- Total Area of Netherland: Total Area: 41,543.00 km 2 ( Land Area: 33,893.00 km 2, Water Area: 7,650.00 km 2)
- Language of Netherland : The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch
- Continent of Netherland: Europe
- Currency of Netherland: The Netherlands is a founding member of the European Union and one of the first countries to adopt the euro on 1 January 1999
- Independence Day of Netherland: May 5, 1945
|Rank||Belief System||Share of Population in the Netherlands|
|2||Agnosticism or Undefined Spirituality||26.8%|
|3||Roman Catholic Christianity||11.7%|
|4||Protestant Church in the Netherlands (PKN)||8.6%|
|6||Other Forms or Denominations of Christianity||4.1%|
|Baha’i, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Other Beliefs||2.0%|
Early The Netherland History Timeline
From 800 BC, the Iron Age Celtic Hallstatt culture became dominant, replacing the Hilversum culture. After the fall of the Roman government in the Netherlands region, the Franks expanded their territories into several kingdoms. Netherland history timeline.
By the 490s, Clovis I had conquered and united all of these regions in the southern Netherlands into a Frankish state, and from there made his conquests in Gaul. The Holy Roman Empire (East Francia and then the successor state of Lotharingia) ruled many of the Low Countries in the 10th and 11th centuries, but was not able to maintain political unity. In which the countries like Holland, Hainaut, Flanders, Gelre, Brabant, and Utrecht were included.
After declaring their independence, the provinces of Holland, Zeeland, Groningen, Friesland, Utrecht, Overijel and Gelderland formed a federation. All these duchess, lordships and counties were autonomous and had their own government, during the Dutch Golden Age for most of the 17th century, along with Portugal, Spain, France and England, the Dutch Empire became one of the major maritime and economic powers. .
The territory of the Netherlands was probably already inhabited in the Ice Age. This is indicated, for example, by Hunengreber. With the melting of the glaciers, a relatively wetland remained, mainly inhabited by various Heuvelrugs or high land points. The reason for this was the danger of the sea. It is now believed that the country was then conquered by the Romans from around 50 BCE. The first settlements were established. The Rhine was a natural land border.
Cradle of Europe, the Netherlands has a great and inspiring history. Since the Republic of the United Provinces in the 17th century, a welcoming land for scholars and men of letters, the Dutch have demonstrated a spirit of openness and independence.
Before the Christian era, the territory now known as the Netherlands, was populated by Celtic and Germanic tribes. Until the beginning of the 5th century, the southern Rhine area was part of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages the Netherlands was ruled by a number of self-governing feudal powers which were eventually reunited with the rest of the “Low Countries” (now Belgium and Luxembourg) in the Holy Roman Empire under the reign of Emperor Charles V (1500-1558), also King of Spain.
But the Inquisition and the measures of economic repression taken by the Spanish governors led to uprisings, notably at the instigation of Prince William of Orange. In 1579, the provinces Calvinists seceded by creating the Union of Utrecht. This gave birth to the United Provinces, the nucleus of the present kingdom of the Netherlands.
After a war that lasted 80 years, Spain finally recognized in 1648 the independence of the United Dutch Provinces, which then became one of the most important maritime and economic powers of the 17th century.
This period is known as the Golden Age and corresponds to a phase of exceptional development in the Netherlands both on the colonial and military level as well as on the cultural, intellectual and artistic level.
It was also in large part thanks to the Compagnie des Indes Orientales (the VOC; “Verenigde Oost Indische Compagnie”) founded in 1602, which marked the start of an extraordinary enterprise and gave birth to the second richest colonial empire in the world after the British Empire. This did not fail to arouse the jealousy of neighboring States. Netherlands history timeline.
A History Of The Netherlands Timeline
History of Holland Timeline
Dutch history timeline: In the 1st century BC, Julius Caesar entered the Netherlands and found it to be inhabited by various Germanic tribes. The region was then divided into a western part that was mainly inhabited by the Batavians, while the east was inhabited by Frisians. The western part of the Netherlands became a part of the Roman Empire. The History Of Netherlands.
Between the 4th and 8th centuries, the Franks conquered what is today the Netherlands and the region was later given to the House of Burgundy and the Austrian Habsburgs. In the 16th century, the Netherlands was controlled by Spain, but in 1558, the Dutch revolted, and in 1579, the Union of Utrecht joined the seven northern Dutch provinces of the United Netherlands Republic.
During the 17th century, the Netherlands grew in power with its colonies and navy. However, the Netherlands eventually lost some of its importance after several wars with Spain, France and England in the 17th and 18th centuries. In addition, the Dutch also lost their technological superiority over these nations. The History Of Netherlands.
In 1815, Napoleon was defeated and Belgium, along with Belgium, became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. In 1830, Belgium created its own kingdom, and in 1848, King Willem II amended the constitution of the Netherlands to make it more liberal. From 1849–1890, King Willem III ruled the Netherlands and the country grew significantly. When he died, his daughter Wilhelmina became queen. A History Of Netherlands.
During World War II, the Netherlands was continuously occupied by Germany in 1940. As a result, Wilhelmina fled to London and established a “government in exile”. During WWII, over 75% of the Jewish population of the Netherlands was executed. In May 1945, the Netherlands was liberated and Wilhelmina returned to the country. In 1948, he abdicated the throne and his daughter Juliana remained queen until 1980 when his daughter Queen Beatrix took the throne. The History Of Netherlands.
After WWII, the Netherlands grew in strength politically and economically. Today, the country is a major tourist destination and most of its former colonies have gained independence and two (Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles) are still dependent territories.
The history of the Netherlands, whether under the name of Holland or the United Provinces, is one of the richest in the world. Between the 17th and 18th centuries in particular, the country was considered despite its limited geographical area and small population as one of the most powerful / technologically and economically advanced. In short, a model of democracy. The History Of Netherlands.
History of the Netherlands Every Year
Important dates in Dutch history
The Fierce Ages
- Around 250,000 BC: first identifiable human settlements, especially in Limburg,
- 5,000 to 1,000 BC: settlements of men from the Neolithic era, then the beginning of the Bronze Age,
- 800 BC: installation of Celtic peoples, beginning of the Iron Age,
- 500 BC: arrival of the Frisians, in particular around the coasts of the north of present-day Holland.
From Rome to the Renaissance
- 1st century AD: Roman occupation between the North Sea and the Rhine. Crushing of the Batavian tribes,
- 3rd century: Frankish and Saxon infiltrations on the Rhine rim,
- 5th century: domination of the Franks in Gaul and to the north of it,
- 6th century: the territory between the Scheldt and the shores of Groningen is under Merovingian rule,
- 8th and 9th centuries: now an integral part of Charlemagne’s empire, the country suffered its first Viking attacks. In 843, the Treaty of Verdun tipped the region into Lotharingia,
- 11th century: creation of the Duchy of Brabant, the County of Holland and Gueldre,
- Beginning of the 14th century: transmission of rights from the crown to the reigning family in Bavaria.
From the Renaissance to the end of the Golden Age
- End of the 14th century – 15th century: through the interplay of marriages and inheritances, Burgundian control over the area, until the death under the walls of Nancy of Charles the Bold (1477). This period allowed the economic and demographic take-off of the region, which now comes under the control of the Habsburg family, The History Of Netherlands.
- 16th century: Charles of Habsburg, reigns over the Netherlands (among other possessions), becoming emperor in 1519 under the name of Charles V, until his voluntary withdrawal in 1555. The country is attributed to the King of Spain Philippe II, his son, who fights violently against the Protestant movement called “reformed” which is growing. Philippe II appointed Stadhouder of Holland William the Silent in 1558. The History Of Netherlands.
The Inquisition was established in 1559, as a counter-reform, while the opponents of the Catholic regime, the “Beggars”, became more and more eager to defend their Calvinist faith, if necessary by force of arms. 1567 sees the arrival of the Duke of Alba, commissioned by Philippe II to suppress Protestant influence in blood. William the Silent then rebels against his Spanish overlord, thus initiating the “Eighty Years” war. The History Of Netherlands.
- 1581: throughout fierce fighting, seven northern provinces form the Republic of the United Provinces. William the Silent was assassinated three years later, succeeded by his son Maurice de Nassau. Beginning of major expeditions and the creation of overseas colonies / counters. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 1602: the creation of the West India Company (VOC) gradually industrialized Dutch colonization with establishments in Indonesia, Brazil, the West Indies and North America, The History Of Netherlands.
- 1648: end of the “Eighty Years” and “Thirty Years” wars, Spanish recognition of the independence of the United Provinces. The following fifty years saw the young Republic fight militarily against England and France. The History Of Netherlands.
Netherlands’ Modern Period
- End of the 18th century: after a long period of economic decline, the country was conquered by French troops from Pichegru,
- 1806 to 1813: belonging to the French Empire, Amsterdam becomes capital to the detriment of The Hague ,
- 1815: recognition of William II as King of the Netherlands (then including Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg);
- 1839: secession of Belgium and Luxembourg,
- 1890 to 1948: Queen Wilhelmina leads the country, which has meanwhile become a constitutional monarchy. The Netherlands, which remained neutral during the First World War, adopted universal suffrage and now has 6.5 million inhabitants. From May 1940 to May 1945, German occupation. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 1949: Indonesia becomes independent. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 1957: signature by the Netherlands of the Treaty of Rome. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 1975: Suriname becomes independent. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 1980: abdication of Queen Juliana for the benefit of the current Sovereign Beatrix,
- 1992: signing of the Maastricht Treaty. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 2002: murder of the populist leader Pim Fortuyn. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
- 2005: like the French situation, the ratification of the European Constitution is met with a resounding “no”.
Federation Of Holland And Belgium:
During the time of Charles V (1519–55), the Netherlands was under Spain, consisting of 17 provinces.
However, a rebellion broke out during the time of Philip II of Spain (1555–98), and eventually the seven northern provinces won their independence and became known as the United Provinces of Holland and the remaining 10 remained part of the provinces. from Spain.
The 1713 Treaty of Utrecht which ended the War of the Spanish Succession gave Austria 10 provinces of Belgium and the same became known as the Austrian Netherlands. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
During the French Revolutionary War, the Austrian Netherlands was conquered by the French and remained part of France for 20 years. Holland was also conquered by France and remained part of France for many years. The History Of Netherlands Timeline.
Netherland People Lifestyle And Dutch Foods
Dutch women usually wear an apron over their skirt. They are either: short and flowered or floor-length and plain, made from white or subdued colour fabric. During the winter months they often wear a shawl around their shoulders going down to attach at the waist. Men often wear a neckerchief with a woggle.
Getty Image Mrs. Netherlands Universe 2022 Winner Melissa Baas.
The Dutch are increasingly concerned with their health and lifestyle. Lifestyle is a collective term for the behavior with which influence on health can be exerted. You can think of exercise, nutrition, stress, relaxation and sleep patterns. But also the way in which you deal with setbacks. Or the way you think about yourself affect your health. The total balance of these factors determines your health in addition to your environment. Today, many are in the process of increasing the quality of their lives. And there are many developments that improve the lifestyle of the average Dutch person. History of Netherlands.
Dutch Girls And Woman Fashion
The perfect look of Dutch girls and ladies is possible thanks to the habits they have: these women are well-disciplined to follow healthy habits every day. They work out regularly at the gym or outdoors, eat healthy food (often homemade), and drink enough water to keep themselves hydrated. They also take vitamins from time to time and pay close attention to the portion of carbs, proteins, and fats that they consume. Such an approach allows them to stay young and fresh longer, keep fit, and fight viral infections with ease.
Culture Of Netherlands
It is precisely the number of sites in this country that UNESCO considers worthy of the World Heritage List. The culture of the Netherlands has evolved over the centuries, architects, sculptors, painters and musicians have contributed to its formation. Architectural monuments in a small area of Holland are located with a high density and therefore whole blocks and cities were included in the lists of protected objects. Of particular interest to descendants are the harbor and the historical part of Willemstad, the old defenses in the capital, the island of Schokland with its church museum, the 17th-century canal system in Amsterdam. History of Netherlands.
If, You are talking about freedom of expression, it is also good to mention that in the Netherlands you can also wear what you want.
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