Republic of Ireland
History of Republic of Ireland
History of Ireland (Éire )is an island in north-west Europe, Ireland Is the third largest island in Europe and the twentieth largest island in the world. In the fore, there is a monarchy with a sanitized monarchy.
Before independence, the Country of Ireland was under British rule. May 3, 1921, the country was divided and on December 6, 1922. Its became independent of the UK and established as a separate state. Ireland received the country’s status from the state on December 29, 1937, and on 1949, the country was completely inscribed on the world map in the name of the Republic of Ireland. In 1949, the country became independent of Britain, but in the absence of economic resources, its economy could not move towards growth. In 1973, it became a member of the European Union.
The United Kingdom of Greater Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, UK, Bertania, UK, or UK) is a developed country located on the northwest coast of continental Europe. It is an island country, it spans the British Isles which includes Great Britain, the northeastern part of Ireland and many small islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK where a site border is bordering another nation and Ireland is a neighboring country of the UK. In addition to the border of this country, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea.
The largest island, Great Britain, is connected to France by the Channel Tunnel. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and unitary state comprising four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It is run by a parliamentary system whose capital London sits in government, but it has three devolved national administrations, Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh, respectively northern Ireland, Wales and the capital of Scotland. Jersey and Guernsey islands, collectively called the Channel Islands and Man Island (Eli of Mann), are the kingdom dependency of the UK and are not part of the UK.
In addition, the UK has fourteen cross-border dependent areas, the British Empire, which was at its peak in 1922, surrounded nearly a quarter of the world’s territory and was the largest empire in history. British influence in the language, culture and legal system of its former colonies can still be seen.
With the world’s sixth largest economy by symbolic GDP and the seventh largest country in terms of purchasing power parity, the UK is a developed country. It was the world’s first industrialist and the world’s leading power during the 19th and 20th centuries. The economic cost of the two world wars and the collapse of the empire in the second half of the 20th century reduced its leading role in global affairs yet the UK remains a major force because of its strong economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. It is a nuclear power and the fourth highest defense spender in the world. It is a member of the European Union, holds a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, G8, OECD, NATO and the World Trade Organization. In year 2020 UK exit from European Union (Brexit)
Capital of Ireland
Ireland capital is Dublin.
Irish Republican Army
In 1919, the IRA formed the first elected meeting, which was mentioned in the Easter Rising. Irish Republican Army (IRA) / Irish Republican Army (IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY) (Irish language: Óglaigh na hÉireann) was an organization of revolutionary soldiers formed for the liberation of Ireland. The aim was to make Ireland completely free from britain. The Irish Republican Brotherhood, an organization called the Patriarchate, was founded in November 25, 1913. On December 6, 1921, when the Anglo-Irish Treaty took place and the ceasefire came into force, it was divided. From 1919 to July 1921, the government has been able to do so. carried out a guerrilla war against the British Army in Ireland. The worst period of the war was from November 1920 to July 1921.
History of Northern Ireland
The roots of northern Ireland’s problem are hidden in the womb of history. The current problem came into existence in 1920-21 when Ireland was divided after being under British rule for several centuries.
The divide was held in such a way that in Ireland living with Britain, the majority of people from the Protestant community of Christians in Northern Ireland. The isolated country became the majority of the Catholic community in the Republic of Ireland.
The current problem is that people from the minority Catholic community living in Northern Ireland want to merge Northern Ireland into the Republic of Ireland. These people are called nationalists. While the majority of Protestant communities want Northern Ireland to merge with the UK. These are called mergerists.
The beginning of the problem
After several centuries of British rule, Ireland was rebelled in 1916. Ireland was then divided in 1920-21. 26 in 32 of Ireland won independence and thus became the Republic of Ireland. The remaining six counties are still part of the UK as Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom Parliament, however, gave powers in most cases to parliament and government formed in Stormont in Belfast in 1920. From 1921 to 1972, members from Northern Ireland to Westminster were elected to parliament. But the government at Stormont continued to act as a self-governing government.
In 1921, the division was such that there was a majority of Protestants in Ireland, Northern Ireland, living with Britain. The Catholic community is the majority on the rest of the island.
Thus the rights in Northern Ireland remained in the hands of the mergerist party. This party belongs to those who support mergers from the UK. On the other hand, there are nationalist communities with about one-third. The community supports Irish unity and wants the whole of Ireland to have the status of a separate country.
Northern Ireland can thus be divided into two different ideologies. One is the unionist, the mergerist and the other, the nationalist. This division is historical and religious. Protestant Christians (mergerists) and Catholics (nationalist).
But the Ireland problem started about 800 years ago. Britain then decided to take over its neighboring island. In the past 800 years, there were both attempts to remove Britain from Ireland and make Ireland British.
A period of violence
In 1969, the Campaign for Civil Rights began in Northern Ireland. It was alleged that the minority Catholic community was forced to live a two-tier life there. But soon the campaign was suppressed. The political violence that started thereafter led to the existence of the Provisional IRA (Irish Republican Army).
The IRA existed several years ago. But in 1970 it was divided into two parts. Authorized IRA and Provisional IRA. Now the pro vaginal IRA is called IRA. The IRA launched a violent campaign against Britain’s presence. The campaign lasted until the Ira’s ceasefire in 1994.
The Northern Ireland Parliament was adjourned after a period of violence that began in Northern Ireland since 1970, and the UK government took over all the work and powers of the Northern Irish Government. Since then, northern Ireland has been a Minister of Northern Ireland Affairs who is a member of the British Cabinet. (In just 1974, an official was appointed for power sharing for a few days.) Oldest Language in the world
This control of the UK government lasted until 1998 when an agreement was reached for the future of Northern Ireland. The agreement was renamed the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement. Read History of Greenland
Good Friday Agreement
After the initial round of negotiations, a political agreement was signed by the Governments of Ireland and Britain on Friday 10 April 1998. It was renamed good Friday or Belfast agreement. The agreement agreed to change constitutional changes and establish new institutions. ww.whatsupUniversity.com
There are three major parts of this agreement. The first part emphasized the internal structure of Northern Ireland. The second part highlights relations with the Republic of Ireland of Northern Ireland and northern Ireland’s relationship with the UK in the third. It elaborates on constitutional issues, rights, arms bans, security, policies and prisoners. Read more History of Croatia
Reference by https://BBC.com