A History Of Ireland And Northern Ireland Timeline 1921

Republic Of Ireland 

History Of Republic Of Ireland

History on Ireland: History of Ireland (Éire )is an island in north-west Europe, Ireland Is the third largest island in Europe and the twentieth largest island in the world. In the fore, there is a monarchy with a sanitized monarchy. History of Ireland

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Before independence, the Country of Ireland was under British rule. May 3, 1921, the country was divided and on December 6, 1922. Its became independent of the UK and established as a separate state.

Ireland received the country’s status from the state on December 29, 1937, and on 1949, the country was completely inscribed on the world map in the name of the Republic of Ireland. In 1949, the country became independent of Britain, but in the absence of economic resources, its economy could not move towards growth. In 1973, it became a member of the European Union. History of Ireland

History Of Ireland And Britain

The United Kingdom of Greater Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom, UK, Bertania, UK, or UK) is a developed country located on the northwest coast of continental Europe. It is an island country, it spans the British Isles which includes Great Britain, the northeastern part of Ireland and many small islands.

Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK where a site border is bordering another nation and Ireland is a neighboring country of the UK. In addition to the border of this country, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea.

The largest island, Great Britain, is connected to France by the Channel Tunnel. The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and unitary state comprising four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales. It is run by a parliamentary system whose capital London sits in government, but it has three devolved national administrations, Belfast, Cardiff and Edinburgh, respectively northern Ireland, Wales and the capital of Scotland.

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Jersey and Guernsey islands, collectively called the Channel Islands and Man Island (Eli of Mann), are the kingdom dependency of the UK and are not part of the UK. History of Ireland.

In addition, the UK has fourteen cross-border dependent areas, the British Empire, which was at its peak in 1922, surrounded nearly a quarter of the world’s territory and was the largest empire in history. British influence in the language, culture and legal system of its former colonies can still be seen.

With the world’s sixth largest economy by symbolic GDP and the seventh largest country in terms of purchasing power parity, the UK is a developed country. It was the world’s first industrialist and the world’s leading power during the 19th and 20th centuries. The economic cost of the two world wars and the collapse of the empire in the second half of the 20th century reduced its leading role in global affairs yet the UK remains a major force because of its strong economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence.

It is a nuclear power and the fourth highest defense spender in the world. It is a member of the European Union, holds a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, G8, OECD, NATO and the World Trade Organization. In year 2020 UK exit from European Union (Brexit). History of Ireland

Capital Of Ireland

  • Ireland capital :                 Dublin.
  • Language of Ireland :     English
  • Total Area Of Ireland :   Total area of 84,421 km 2 (32,595 sq mi)
  • Currency of Ireland :      Official Currency is Euro but  Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, and therefore uses the British ‪pound sterling‬ (£), while the Republic of Ireland’s official currency is the Euro (€). 
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History Of Ireland Religion

The Religious Composition Of Ireland. History of Ireland religion.

Rank Religion Population (Percentage)
1 Catholic Church 78.6
2 Irreligious 10.2
3 Not Specified 4.8
4 Church of Ireland 2.6
5 Orthodox Christianity 1.3
6 Islam 1.4
7 Presbyterian 0.5
8 Apostolic or Pentacostal 0.3

Irish Republican Army


In 1919, the IRA formed the first elected meeting, which was mentioned in the Easter Rising. Irish Republican Army (IRA) / Irish Republican Army (IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY) (Irish language: Óglaigh na hÉireann) was an organization of revolutionary soldiers formed for the liberation of Ireland. The aim was to make Ireland completely free from britain.

The Irish Republican Brotherhood, an organization called the Patriarchate, was founded in November 25, 1913. On December 6, 1921, when the Anglo-Irish Treaty took place and the ceasefire came into force, it was divided. From 1919 to July 1921, the government has been able to do so. carried out a guerrilla war against the British Army in Ireland. The worst period of the war was from November 1920 to July 1921. History of Ireland.

History Of Northern Ireland Timeline

The roots of northern Ireland’s problem are hidden in the womb of history. The current problem came into existence in 1920-21 when Ireland was divided after being under British rule for several centuries. History of Ireland

The divide was held in such a way that in Ireland living with Britain, the majority of people from the Protestant community of Christians in Northern Ireland. The isolated country became the majority of the Catholic community in the Republic of Ireland. History of Ireland

The current problem is that people from the minority Catholic community living in Northern Ireland want to merge Northern Ireland into the Republic of Ireland. These people are called nationalists. While the majority of Protestant communities want Northern Ireland to merge with the UK. These are called mergerists. History of Ireland.

Ireland: The Beginning Of The Problem

History of northern Ireland conflict: After several centuries of British rule, Ireland was rebelled in 1916. Ireland was then divided in 1920-21. 26 in 32 of Ireland won independence and thus became the Republic of Ireland. The remaining six counties are still part of the UK as Northern Ireland.

The United Kingdom Parliament, however, gave powers in most cases to parliament and government formed in Stormont in Belfast in 1920. From 1921 to 1972, members from Northern Ireland to Westminster were elected to parliament. But the government at Stormont continued to act as a self-governing government.

In 1921, the division was such that there was a majority of Protestants in Ireland, Northern Ireland, living with Britain. The Catholic community is the majority on the rest of the island.

Thus the rights in Northern Ireland remained in the hands of the mergerist party. This party belongs to those who support mergers from the UK. On the other hand, there are nationalist communities with about one-third. The community supports Irish unity and wants the whole of Ireland to have the status of a separate country. History of Ireland

Northern Ireland can thus be divided into two different ideologies. One is the unionist, the mergerist and the other, the nationalist. This division is historical and religious. Protestant Christians (mergerists) and Catholics (nationalist). History of Ireland

But the Ireland problem started about 800 years ago. Britain then decided to take over its neighboring island. In the past 800 years, there were both attempts to remove Britain from Ireland and make Ireland British. History of Ireland.

Ireland: A Period Of Violence

In 1969, the Campaign for Civil Rights began in Northern Ireland. It was alleged that the minority Catholic community was forced to live a two-tier life there. But soon the campaign was suppressed. The political violence that started thereafter led to the existence of the Provisional IRA (Irish Republican Army).

The IRA existed several years ago. But in 1970 it was divided into two parts. Authorized IRA and Provisional IRA. Now the pro vaginal IRA is called IRA. The IRA launched a violent campaign against Britain’s presence. The campaign lasted until the Ira’s ceasefire in 1994. 

The Northern Ireland Parliament was adjourned after a period of violence that began in Northern Ireland since 1970, and the UK government took over all the work and powers of the Northern Irish Government. Since then, northern Ireland has been a Minister of Northern Ireland Affairs who is a member of the British Cabinet. (In just 1974, an official was appointed for power sharing for a few days.) Oldest Language in the world

This control of the UK government lasted until 1998 when an agreement was reached for the future of Northern Ireland. The agreement was renamed the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement.

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History of Ireland And Scotland

History of Ireland and Scotland: The history of Scotland is above all that of a country marked by an almost continuous rivalry with England. It is that of a people who brandish as heroes William Wallace and Robert Bruce, the famous “Braveheart”, who fought against English oppression during bloody battles. It is also that of Mary Stuart, Queen of France and Scotland with a tragic fate; that of the theoreticians of the Enlightenment and the great inventors in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

From the wilderness of the Highlands to Glasgow the industrial, from the distinguished city of Edinburgh to the wild islands of the north, Scotland offers us an exciting plural history. History of Ireland.

Scotland, From One Settlement To Another

The history of Scotland really begins in the first century BC. J.-C., when Celtic tribes from the Rhineland and Ireland settled on the territory. They will oppose a fierce resistance to the Romans. The latter, after annexing Britannia (England), continued their conquest further north and arrived in Scottish lands in 78 AD.

The Roman legions remained there for a century, but did not reach the Highland region or manage to subdue the inhabitants, whom they called Picts (“painted men”). The latter thus acquired the reputation of a warrior people. Moreover, in order to protect Britannia from Celtic incursions,  2 walls were erected:

– Hadrian’s Wall, with a length of nearly 120 km between the west and east coasts, which marks the border between
Britannia and Caledonia;
– the Antonine Wall, further north than Hadrian’s Wall, built between the River Forth to the east and the River Clyde to
the west.

After the departure of the Romans in the fourth century, the Picts unified and dominated the north-east of Scotland. Other stands followed. The Scots, Christian Celts from Ireland, arrived from the west with their culture and language, Gaelic, which gradually spread into the kingdom of Alba (Gaelic name for Scotland). The Brittons settled in the southwest and the Angles in the southeast. At the same time, Christian missionaries evangelized the people and all of Scotland was Christianized by the end of the 7th century.

But a threat loomed: the Vikings multiplied the raids from 794, until they became masters of the islands (Shetland, Orkney, Hebrides) and the north coast. To resist their advance, Picts and Scots unite. This is the beginning of a slow unification of the country. In the eleventh century, the kingdom took the name of Scotland, the “land of the Scots”. However, in the northern part of the territory, the Scandinavians did not withdraw until the 13th century. The occupation ended completely in 1469 with the integration into Scotland of Shetland and Orkney. History of Ireland.

Ireland: Good Friday Agreement

After the initial round of negotiations, a political agreement was signed by the Governments of Ireland and Britain on Friday 10 April 1998. It was renamed good Friday or Belfast agreement. The agreement agreed to change constitutional changes and establish new institutions. 

There are three major parts of this agreement. The first part emphasized the internal structure of Northern Ireland. The second part highlights relations with the Republic of Ireland of Northern Ireland and northern Ireland’s relationship with the UK in the third. It elaborates on constitutional issues, rights, arms bans, security, policies and prisoners. 

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People Culture and Fashion In Ireland

Shannon McDonagh Joyce, People Culture and Fashion of Ireland
Shannon McDonagh Joyce: People Culture and Fashion of Ireland

Ireland is a wonderful country, with cheerful, ulterior or at least more than the British, chatty and noisy people who like to tell their traditions and show themselves different from the English, in fact it is a fairly common mistake for many students who come close to perfecting the language to assume that Ireland is part of the United Kingdom, this is usually taken as an offense. No doubt that reputation of stubbornness, or rather, of remaining faithful to their principles they have well earned.

The typical clothes of the Culture of Ireland are pleated and elaborated from wool. Sheep in Ireland are stronger in color, which makes the decorations stronger. Highlighting colours, such as yellow, orange, red and green, are found in the clothing of the Culture of Ireland. Irish clothing was influenced by English culture as early as the 15th century. An intricate Irish Celtic knot commonly adorns clothing.

The Irish of the fifth century wore robes and capes. Men of higher social status wore a combination of jacket and trousers called dinar and tris. Accessories were popular with both men and women. Common accessories include, knives, brooches, shoes and belts. The clothes were made of linen, wool and silk.

Reference 

Ancient Ireland 

History of Ireland 

History of Ireland Middle Age

https://BBC.com

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