1. Iran Revolution 1979.
The Islamic Revolution is considered to be the biggest event of Iran in modern times. Ayatollah Khomeini declared Iran an Islamic republic by ending the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iran’s last king. Anger against Muhammad Raza Pahlavi had been arising for a long time due to the tremendous engagement with Western countries. The general impression among the people was that the king has given the right to the natural resources of the country to the western countries.
On the other hand, the non-respect of the religious wishes of the Shia community by Shah was also one of the main reasons for developing anti-Semitism. Shah himself wanted Iran to move along the lines of Western civilization. This is the reason why even today, Shah’s time in Iran is given the highest priority in western countries. But all these reasons were going against the Shah in Iran.
Ayatollah Khomeini was getting the support of religious organizations in overthrowing Shah’s rule from power. But the biggest challenge before him was that he must also take support of pro-democracy Liberal parties and leftist parties along with him. In the year 1977, a big anti campaign against Shah was waged by liberals who believed in the Constitution. This group largely belonged to the middle class people of Iran who wanted the Shah to follow the Iran Constitution of 1906.
Significantly, before 1953, there used to be a democratic government in Iran and it was overthrown by the Pahlavi dynasty. This coup was also done by Shah with the support of America. Well, if you talk about liberals, Mehndi Bazargan was the biggest leader and his party’s name was Freedom Movement of Iran. He also had the support of the National Front, a pro-democracy organization.
1979 was the year when these organizations succeeded. The special thing of the Islamic Revolution was that there was not much bloodshed in it. When Shah felt that he could not handle the situation, he himself left the country and escaped. Ayatollah Khomeini returned to Iran. And the country turned into an Islamic republic.
Today’s Iran is completely different from Iran of ancient times. Iran was then known as Persia or Persia. Before that it was called Aryana. A branch of the Aryans was then inhabited by the Persian country. It is believed that all the land from Persia to a large part of present India was called Aryabhoomi, which was divided in many regions.Just as the region around Punjab in India was called Aryavarta, similarly in Persia, the eastern region adjoining modern Afghanistan was called Arian and Ariyan, from which it later got the name Iran. Click Here Read For French Revolution
Iran before the Islamic Revolution
1. The West had a tremendous influence in Iran before the Islamic Revolution. There was no restriction on dress and living, nor religious restrictions.
2. At that time Iran was considered to be the most modern among Islamic countries and Iran’s environment was no less than that of cities like Paris or London.
3. In 1953, the US and British intelligence agencies overthrew the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddik. He wanted to nationalize Iran’s oil industry. Source