History Of Guyana

The History Of British Guiana?

History of Guyana: Formerly called British Guiana, Guyana is a separate country in South America. It borders Brazil, Suriname and Venezuela, in addition to being bathed by the Atlantic Ocean, but distinguishes itself from its neighbors. On the continent, it is the only country to be colonized by the British and to have English as an official language.

What Is The History Of Guyana?
What Is The History Of Guyana?

Guyana History Facts

Total Area of Guyana        2,15,000 km²

Capital of Guyana              Georgetown
Population of Guyana      793,434
Language of Guyana:        English
Religion of Guyana            57% of the people of Guyana are Christians, 17% of which are Pentecostal, 8% are Roman Catholic, 7% are Anglican, 5% are Seventh Day Adventists, and 20% are from other Christian groups. On the other hand, 28% are Hindu, 7% are Muslims, 2% are believers of other religions, and about 4% have no religion.

Prehistory of Guyana : Origin

Prehistory of Guyana: The first inhabitants of Guyana were the Arawaks, who named it ‘Land of Water’ (in their language) for having wet terrain and dense coasts of mangroves and swamps. The Arawaks were evicted by the Caribs, who dominated much of the region and then moved to the islands of the Caribbean Sea, which took its name from them.

The Arawaks and Caribs were nomads organized into families of 15 or 20 members, and lived by hunting and fishing. At the arrival of Europeans in Guyana there were 500,000 inhabitants. Today there are about 45,000 natives, divided into nine ethnic groups; of which only seven maintain their traditional identity and culture.

Driven by the legend of El Dorado, the Dutch created in 1616 the first fort in Guyana, which then comprised three colonies: Demerara, Berbice and Essequibo. In 1796, the Dutch colony was taken over by the English, who had earlier begun a massive introduction of slaves. In 1763, the African Cuffy (now national hero), led a rebellion that was bloodily suppressed.

Constitution of Guyana

The Constitution of Guyana was created in 1980 and amended in 1996

Government of Guyana

Guyana is a semi-presidential republic. The legislative power is made up of the National Assembly, which is a unicameral parliament of 53 members elected proportionally from national lists appointed by the parties, plus twelve members elected by regional councils. The executive branch is presided over by a President, who appoints and supervises ministers, led by a Prime Minister.

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History Of British Guiana Georgetown
History Of British Guiana Georgetown

Each party that submits a list to the Assembly also appoints a leader, who is elected president if the list obtains the largest number of votes. The highest judicial instance is the Court of Appeal, presided over by the Chancellor of the Judiciary. Below it is the High Court, presided over by the Chief Justice. The President Chancellor and the Chief justice are appointed by the President of the Republic.

General History On Guyana

Located in the northeast of South America, in a privileged point of the Caribbean basin. For its numerous springs, waterfalls and rivers that cross it, the natives called it “Land of a lot of water”, a feature that together with its rich forests, savannas and varied fauna make Guyana a fantastic paradise for lovers of nature and adventure. Guyana captivates the visitor with its monumental Kaieteur Waterfall, the legendary face of Georgetown, its enigmatic rainforest and one of the most curious racial mixtures on the planet.

It offers wonders such as the Kaieteur waterfall, one of the wonders of the continent, the waters of the Potaro River that meander the Pakaraima plateau and rush from 741 feet high against a huge rock, then fall another 81 feet raising foam and fog that, hit by the sun’s rays, form an amazing rainbow. Among the best known destinations on the Caribbean coast we find the city of Georgetown, where we find several hotels, restaurants and places of interest. Forests and a wide range of animals fill the environment around Kaieteur, declared a National Park, although we can find other parks.

As you walk through it you hear the melancholic screams of the “singing” monkeys, the croaking of golden frogs and you can observe giant lizards, snakes and the fresh footprints of a mountain tiger. If you want to take a bath under the sun’s rays approach its beaches and your skin will have a new tan, the warm and transparent waters will catch you making you feel in a true paradise. The geography of Guyana includes 276 waterfalls and a system of rivers and streams, some look like very fine blue veins on the map, others are real monsters like the Essequibo, which runs 371 miles.

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What Is The History Of Guyana Timeline?

The Guyana region was first explored by the Spaniards in the 15th century, but only colonized in the 17th century by the Dutch. After the Netherlands ceded the territory to the British, Guyana came to be considered a British colony.

A Brief History Of Guyana Independence

In South America, it was the only territory colonized by the British. Guyana gained independence in 1966, although it remains a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, an organization made up of 53 countries that were part of the British Empire. Despite European influence, most of the 773,000 people residing in the country today are descendants of Indians and Africans imported in the past to work on plantations.
Guyana is currently a semi-presidential republic, ruled since 2015 by David Granger, of the Alliance for National Unity (APNU), who removed the People’s Progressive Party (PPP) from power after 22 years in the leadership of the country.

Women in Guyana Fashion

Woman Fashion In Guyana
Woman Fashion In Guyana Getty Image Stacy Persaud

Guyana has quite a diverse culture, and having quite a number of religions present in the country is but normal. The most dominant religions are Christianity and Hinduism. Women in Guyana are a cross-section of Guyanese society whose numbers have fluctuated with time. A country with primarily Indo-Guyanese, Afro-Guyanese and Amerindian women, Guyana has also been home to women of European or Chinese descent. The country has had a female president, Janet Jagan. Although it is part of South America, Guyana is culturally and historically aligned with the Commonwealth Caribbean and is often compared to Trinidad and Tobago.

Many urban Guyanese women are breadwinners, particularly in working-class families. Female Guyanese students have outperformed their male counterparts in regional examinations, and more women than men attend universities. Obeah women are folk-religious leaders. History of Guyana. 

History of Guyana  Culture: Middle-class Indians have greater freedom in choosing a spouse, especially if the woman is a professional. Marriage usually occurs later, and the family is smaller. Indian families are patriarchal and often function as corporate economic units. Formal marriage is less common among the African working class, and the middle classes marry later. History of Guyana

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Guyana People And Guyana Culture

Fashion in History of Guyana:  To know a country very well you first have to talk about its history, since you have to keep in mind everything they have gone through to get to where they are today, to begin with you can say that the first inhabitants that this beautiful country had were the Araucanians and the Caribs, for people who do not know who they are, it is necessary to clarify that they are Indians

Guyana People And Guyana Culture
Guyana People And Guyana Culture

Geographic of Guyana

The country is about 215 thousand square kilometers, but the population is concentrated on the coast, mainly in Georgetown, the capital of Guyana. The country’s border with Brazil is occupied by the Amazon Rainforest. The climate is equatorial, predominantly hot and humid.
The position on the map and its other geographical features make Guyana an isolated country in South America. Although it belongs to the South American continent, Guyana is part of the English-speaking Caribbean, a group whose official language is English. The country has little industrial development and its economy depends mainly on the production of sugar cane, extractivism and livestock.

The History of Guyana Religions

History of Guyana religions: The country’s population is basically made up of Indians, blacks and mestizos, who experience many problems of a social nature. The majority of the population is composed of descendants of Indians (accounting for about 51%), Africans, mestizos and Amerindians. The main religions practiced by the population are: Protestants (22%), Catholics (11%), Anglicans (9%), Hinduism (33%) and Islam (8%).

History Of British Guiana
History Of British Guiana : Hindu Temple In Guyana
What Is Mashramani in Guyana?

Guyana Carnival history: Mashramani Day, or Mash for short, literally means “the celebration of a job well done” and commemorates the great day that Guyana became the Republic — February 23, 1970. Then, annually on this date, Guyanese throw colorful carnival festivities throughout the country. Get ready to see vibrant parades, with masked bands, traditional calypso dancers and steel drums. The festivities begin before dawn and last until sunrise the next day.

By: 

Meena Projkoski
Meena Projkoski
References:

https://revistagalileu.globo.com/Sociedade/noticia/2019/07/guiana-4-fatos-para-voce-conhecer-o-pais-sul-americano.html

https://mundoeducacao.uol.com.br/geografia/guiana.htm

https://www.infoescola.com/geografia/guiana/

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