Germany

History of Germany

Ancient Germany The countries with barbaric tribes living to the north of the ancient Roman Danube River were called Germenia, after which the English word Germany was named. Gradually, these tribes became Christianized and this country became the center of the Christian Holy Roman Empire.

Major city of Germany

major cities in Germany Map: Balen, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Essen, Dortmund, Stuttgart, Dusseldorf, Bremen, Henobar, Deutsche bug.

Geographical structure of Germany

Germany has the North Sea and the Baltic in the north and the Alps Lake Constance in the south and the river to the southwest border. The major rivers are the Danube the Elbe, the Wasser and the Moselle. It has 16 states.

Political structure of Germany

There is federal governance here. 3 to 6 members, including eighty-eight members of the Federal Council or the Upper House, are appointed by state governments for a short period. There are six hundred and sixty-two members in the federal house or the lower house. Those who are elected by election for four years. The Federal Assembly elects the Chancellor of Germany and the Chancellor constitutes the Council of Ministers. The President is nominated by the House. Read about USA

History of Germany Timeline

The Celts are considered early citizens of Germany. Subsequently, in the second century BC. German tribes began to settle here. In the fourth and fifth centuries AD, the Roman Empire made several invasions by the German inhabitants. One of these tribes, the Franks, established their dominance in Western Europe under the leadership of Charle Magne. By the Treaty of Berhun in 843, Charle Magne granted the land east of the Rhine to the German Prince Louis.

By the 14th century, the Holy Roman Empire meant the German Empire itself, where the Prince chose the Holy Roman Emperor. Albert Dynasty of Hemsburg in 1438 and the Holy Roman Empire ruled this dynasty until 1806.

Meanwhile, Prussia was emerging as a powerful state. On the issue of Silesia, Frederick the Great (1740–1786 AD) mobilized the army of Prussia and defeated Maria Theresa of Austria. After Napoleon’s defeat at the Battle of Waterloo (1816 AD), the tug of war continued between Austria and Prussia for dominance in Germany, culminating in the defeat of Austria (1866) and the establishment of the North German Confederation (1867). The principal of this German unity was Otto von Bismarck, the Prime Minister of Prussia. He waged war against Denmark, Austria and France and tied the whole of Germany to the thread of unity. On January 18, 1871, Emperor Wilhelm I of Prussia was proclaimed the German Emperor. With the help of a powerful army, skilled bureaucracy and a loyal middle class, Bismarck succeeded in building a powerful centralized Germany.

Emperor Wilhelm overthrew Bismarck in 1890 and adopted a policy of colonialism and established a powerful navy. Germany suffered a major defeat in the First World War (1914–1918). After the war, Emperor Kaiser took refuge in the Netherlands. In such a situation, the Social Democrats, under the leadership of Frederick Eobert and Philip Sheedman, established the Weymar Republic. Germany suffered the worst consequences of the First World War. The Treaty of Versailles ended his army and inflicted heavy fines on it. In such a situation, the emergence of Adolf Hitler. On January 30, 1933, President von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor. President Hindenburg died on August 2, 1934. Hitler vigorously began the militarization of Germany, abandoning the Treaty of Versailles. In 1935 he drove Germany out of the ‘League of Nations’ and captured Rhineland. At the same time it also strengthened relations with Japan and Italy. Germany annexed Austria in March 1938. The Second World War began with the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.

Second World War and Germany

Germany initially had spectacular successes in World War II, but later suffered a landslide defeat. On 8 May 1945, Germany surrendered to friendly nations. During World War II, about 6 million Jews were murdered at the behest of Hitler. After the end of the war, the Allied States divided Germany into four parts through the Balen Conference. S.No. Strong differences between the US and the Soviet Union over Germany emerged. On 31 May 1948, S.No. America, Britain, France etc. agreed to establish a German state by mixing the three western regions.

Republic of Germany

On May 23, 1949, Bonn was made its capital by declaring the Soviet part of Germany as the Federal Republic of Germany. A party regime was established there under the leadership of the Soviet Unity (Communist Party). On 7 October 1949, a centralized constitution was adopted.

Berlin Wall in 1961 Germany.

The gap of mistrust between the two German countries deepened when East Germany built the Berlin Wall in 1961. In such circumstances, West Germany came closer to the US and European countries. Read about France

East Germany integration into West Germany

In 1982, Helmut Cole of the Christian Democrat Party was elected the new Chancellor of West Germany. During his reign, West Germany touched new heights of economic development. In 1989 the Communist Party collapsed in East Germany. On 9 November 1989, the demolition wall was broken. The integration of the two German nations paved the way after the Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachov took a soft approach in July 1990.In a crucial election on 27 September 1998, Gerhard Schroeder of the Social Democrat Party ended Helmut Cole’s 16-year rule. Germany joined NATO in the Kosovo war in 1999. It was the first time since the Second World War that the German army participated in a war.

History of Germany, Germany Berlin wall,
Germany Berlin wall

Gerhard Schroeder’s Social Democrat Party was defeated in the general election held on 8 September 2005 and Angela Merkel of the CDU / CSU formed a coalition government. Source DW.com