A History Of Ethiopia Timeline Fashion And Culture

The History of Ethiopians

The History of Ethiopians: Ethiopia’s history stretches from the early days of prehistory to the present day. Land of our human ancestors, Ethiopia was one of the most important civilizations in the Red Sea world and one of the most powerful nations, which has aroused the interest of historians.

The history of Ethiopian
The history of Ethiopian

History on Ethiopia

  • Area of Ethiopia:                                    Land Area: 1,096,570.00 km 2 Total Area: 1,104,300.00 km 2
  • Capital of Ethiopia :                               Addis Ababa
  • Language of Ethiopia :                         Ethiopian
  • Religions Percentage in Ethiopia   Ethiopian Orthodox 43.8%, Muslim 31.3%, Protestant 22.8%, Catholic 0.7%, traditional 0.6%, other 0.8% (2016 est.)

Ethiopia Prehistoric period

prehistory of Ethiopia: Prehistoric periods date back about five million years, to 5000 years. This is a time when our ancestors brought evolutionary, cultural and economic changes. This is a time when our ancestors began to walk upright, developed their culture, built tools, began breeding and agriculture until they began to write languages. Ethiopia is believed to be the source of human/hominid ancestors, but this is Lucy’s discovery on November 24, 1974.

In a place called Hadar by a young American researcher Donald Johansson who established Ethiopia as the first place where humanity lived. Many artifacts have since been unearthed, fossils older than Lucy, such as Ardipithecus ramidus or Ardi for short. She is an anthropomorphic woman anthropoid 4. The History of Ethiopian.

Kingdom of Damat in Ethiopia

The Damat or Dʿmt kingdom is the oldest known kingdom from 10 BC to 5 BC, its capital would be in Yeha, in the Tigray region to the north of Ethiopia. They were polytheists or believed in different gods. They share many similarities in religion, cultures and writing languages with the Sabaean people of southern Arabia. The exists very few inscriptions and archaeological evidence about the kingdom. Therefore, it is not known if the Damat/Dʿmt kingdom ended before the Aksum kingdom or if it evolved into the Aksum kingdom.

Axumite Kingdom Ethiopia

From the 1st century BC, the Aksumite kingdom began to flourish from its capital Axum. They were great warriors capable of conquering the surrounding small kingdoms and ruling as far as Yemen. Axumites was able to control the region’s trade route and became the main trading player between ancient India and the Roman Empire. In the second century, Axum reached its peak to become one of the four great world powers of the time, between Persia, Rome and China. The three great religions of the world, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, were introduced from the Middle East to Ethiopia from the earliest times in Axum.

  • Ethiopian religious history

Ethiopian Queen Quine of Sheba traveled to Jerusalem to meet King Solomon and learn his wisdom. One of her sons later became pregnant. Solomon’s son is called Menilik I. When he was 22, he visited his father and learned Judaism. On the way back, he brought the Ark of the Covenant, the holiest object in the Bible. This is still in the church of Axum St. Mary Sion. Menilik I founded the Solomon Dynasty that ruled Ethiopia until 1974. The History of Ethiopian.

  • When did Christianity start in Ethiopia?

Christianity was introduced to the country during the first century, when the apostle Philip baptized Eunuch, the highest court official in the palace of Queen Candace of Ethiopia. Christianity became the official religion of the country in 334 AD at the time of King Ezan. Since then, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church was under the Egyptian Coptic Orthodox Church, it became an independent church at the time of Emperor Haile Silase I with much diplomacy and commitment in 1959. The History of Ethiopian.

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History of Ethiopian Jews

History of Ethiopian Jews: Taking into account biblical sources, it is known that Judaism was practiced before the introduction of Christianity in the first century BC. This religious practice was the source of the greatest historical legend of the country, that of the Queen of Sheba; according to which his son Menelik I stole from ancient Israel the Ark of the Covenant and deposited it in Ethiopia. It is commonly believed that this ark is currently located in the city of Aksum, guarded by Orthodox Christian monks.

Medieval Period History of Ethiopian

Zagwe Dynasty

Medieval History of Ethiopia: In the middle of the ninth century, the political center was in Lasta, south of Aksum. Where the Axumite kings lost power because of the Zagwe dynasty. The Zagwe kings came from the ruling class of the Agew people who belong to the Kushitic language group. He ruled Ethiopia from Lalibela, Lasta province from 9000 to 1270. The rise of Zagwe is attributed to a general called Mara Takla Haymanot who rebelled against the last king of Aksum to overthrow King Dil Naod and founded the Zagwe dynasty in the 10th century and married his daughter.

The emperors of the Zagwe dynasty were very religious. Most kings were both priests and kings. The main achievement of the Zagwe period was in the field of architecture mainly associated with the construction of churches. The History of Ethiopian.

History of Ethiopian Christianity

A History of Ethiopian Christianity: Ethiopia is Christianized in the fourth century by being since the first century, at the beginning of the Christian era, on the path of a very active trade with the Red Sea, due to which the arrival of Jewish and Christian traders was relatively easy.

King Ezana will be the first Christian king of Ethiopia and is considered the Ethiopian Constantine. It was he who converted the Christian religion into an official religion in the year 327 and so it will continue until 1974 year in which the Marxist coup d’état of Mengistu proclaimed freedom of worship. The History of Ethiopian.

history of Ethiopian Christianity
history of Ethiopian Christianity

Today Christianity in Ethiopia is losing positions with respect to Islam as it happens in the rest of the world. Almost half of Ethiopia’s population is Christian, but Islamism is rising more and more, already exceeding 35% in recent years. There is also a certain abandonment of Ethiopian Christianity in favor of other modes of Christianity, such as Protestantism and other of its varieties or branches.

A possible cause of this is that Christian worship is in the Geez language which, being a dead language and only dedicated to the liturgy, does not reach the population. It is the same thing that happened in the West with Latin, whose use distanced the faithful from the cult, not being understood. At the same time, other religions are presented more openly and easily for the faithful to follow.

The arrival of Christianity in Ethiopia is told by a Byzantine historian named Rufinus who writes in the sixth century a chronicle about the Christian nations of the time and describes in it how Ethiopia converted to Christianity. Rufino Account:

Meropio, philosopher of Tyre, desiring to know India, set out on a journey taking with him two boys relatives of his. The youngest was called Edesius and the oldest Frumencio. When their souls and their eyes had been satiated to see things and when they had already begun the return journey, the ship in which they were traveling was boarded in a certain port and the passengers passed by the sword. Only the two young men who were at that time under a tree preparing their lessons were preserved from death and brought before the king. This one took great affection for them.

Edesius was made cupbearer and Frumencio, seeing that he was shrewd and prudent, made him treasurer and secretary. After some time the king died when his son and heir was still an infant. The queen tearfully pleaded with the two brothers not to leave at that difficult time and to help her in the tasks of government. Frumencio then took the reins of the kingdom. God moved his heart to care about the Roman merchants who professed Christianity and to encourage them to organize worship.

He himself provided them with land to build places of prayer and churches, and he did everything in his power to encourage the growth of the Christian seed. When the prince came of age, the two brothers faithfully handed over the administration and thought of returning to their land. Although the prince, who is the future King Ezana, and the queen begged them to stay, they insisted on leaving. Edesius returned to Tyre along with his family.

Frumentius went to Alexandria to inform Patriarch Athanasius about the existence of many Christians and to beg him to send them a bishop. Athanasius, after carefully considering the matter, told the priests before him gathered. Who else can we find in whom the spirit of God resides better than in you, Frumencio, who were able to perform such works? And after ordaining him a priest and consecrating him bishop, I send him back to the place from which he had come. Returning to Ethiopia were countless miracles he performed and the number of barbarians he converted to the faith.

This is the legend that comes to us about how the installation and propagation of the Christian faith in Ethiopia is promoted at first. It should be said that, in general, the evangelizations of countries, already in these late times (we are in the fourth century), are carried out where there are Jewish communities. It is they who can understand the message of messianic renewal that Christianity implies. That is why Ethiopia was a fertile place for this preaching since there were many Jewish communities settled there. The History of Ethiopian.

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A carved stone has been found in Axum that, because it is written in Greek, Sabaean and Geez, is considered “The Ethiopian Rosette Stone” as it has allowed to decipher the Sabaean and the story of the conversion of King Ezana to Christianity. King Ezana is the first king to convert to the religion of Jesus Christ, of which there is evidence thanks to this stone However, there are also other stones in whose inscriptions it is evident that Ezana is still entrusted to pagan or astral gods, such as the God of water, that of the moon, of food, of war, etc.



What Rufino tells us, remains there, in the aura of legend, because true evangelization is carried out in the fifth century, by the hand of the famous nine Roman saints of Ethiopia. They are preachers who come from the church of Rome. Their arrival in Ethiopia is of the utmost importance because it is from them that religion begins to expand. They are nine saints of the Church of Rome, but of the Roman Church of the East, of Byzantium, so the Christian religion they bring is orthodox. The History of Ethiopian.

Ethiopia Modern period

History of Ethiopia Modern Era: Emperor Tewdros da Gondar came to power in 1955, began the modernization of Ethiopia with a vision to unify the country. His idea of unification continued with his successors the emperor Yohanis and the emperor Minilik II. Emperor Menelik made most of the current map of Ethiopia and was the first person to open a school, hospital, railroad open postal service and telecommunications in the country. Not only did he have this, but he also founded Addis Ababa the capital of Ethiopia.

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Ethiopia has never been colonized; Emperor Minilik defeated the Italian colonizers in the Battle of Adwa in 1896. It was the first black victory against any colonial, making Ethiopia a symbol of freedom for many African countries. Some even adopt the country’s flag (green, yellow, red) in their flag. Emperor Hailesilase, son of Ras Mekonen,

Students make the movement calling for land reform (Land for the Tenner’s). The army called Themselves Derg (committee) took the opportunity to overthrow Emperor Hailes Silase from his throne in 1974. Ethiopia became a socialist republic ruled by the military in Iron Fist. In 1992, the military government was defeated by a coalition of rebel groups called EPRDF.

Today, Ethiopia is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, a large market of 100 million people, most of them young.

History of Ethiopia and its people

The History of Ethiopian culture: With the name of Ethiopia, the Greeks designated the lands inhabited by black people. In contrast, Abyssinia, the other name by which the country has been called, comes from the people of Arab origin, who 4,000 years ago settled in areas of present-day Ethiopia. Since then, there have been countless moments in history when Ethiopia appears as one of the most influential states in the region. The History of Ethiopian.

From the biblical writings mentioning the queen of Sheba, actually, Makeda, in the tenth century BC.C, through the kingdom of Meroe, one of whose queens would stop Alexander the Great in his advance through Africa, or the rich kingdom of Axun that from the beginning of the Christian era until the late seventh century would be the main commercial power, administering lands so extensive that they reached as far as present-day Yemen. The History of Fashion. 

History of Ethiopia Culture
History of Ethiopia Culture

With the expansion of the Arabs, this hegemony would begin to decline and Ethiopia, a Christian kingdom would be surrounded by countries of Muslim culture. When in the sixteenth century, the Portuguese entered into relationship with the mythical king Prester John, they found a country politically similar to the European feudal states, with three very defined social classes: the nobility, the church and the plain people. The History of Ethiopian.

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At the end of the nineteenth century, after a period of good relations of King Menelik II with the European powers, Italy tries to occupy it by encountering the resistance of a well-organized Ethiopian army that inflicted on the Italians the main defeats that a European colonial army had never suffered, being especially noteworthy the battle of Dogal, where the Europeans lost 4,000 men of the troop of 10,000 they carried. The History of Ethiopian.


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