The History of Cuba Timeline
A brief history of Cuba Timeline: To know the history and origin of Cuba, it is first necessary that you know briefly, how it is and its geographical location. Few countries in the world have aroused as many expectations as Cuba, as few are those that provoke so many more or less rational adhesions and condemnations of the same nature The island is part of the West Indies and occupies more than half of the Caribbean.
Beyond a conjuncture that, despite having lasted more than four decades, is temporary. Cuba, located in a privileged area of the American continent, concentrates a remarkable historical and cultural substrate and human potential, which distinguish it from its Antillean neighbors. That country that, despite its small territory, was one of the ones that reported the highest yields to the Spanish crown, and that during the first half of the twentieth century, lived under the influence of the United States. It then became a beacon of the longings of those who aspired to a certain model of emancipation from the great power of North America.
Religion in Cuba Country
|Rank||Belief System||Share of Population in Cuba|
|1||Roman Catholic Christianity||59%|
|2||Atheism or Agnosticism||23%|
|3||Santeria and Other African-Caribbean Folk Beliefs||12%|
|4||Protestantism and Other Non-Catholic Forms of Christianity||5%|
History on Cuba
- Continent: America.
- Area: 110,860 km².
- Capital: Havana.
- Currency: Cuban peso.
- Official language: Spanish.
Early history of Cuba
- Early history of Cuba Timeline
Prehistory of Cuba : The first inhabitants of the island of Cuba arrived around 10,000 BCE. In the midst of very different climatic conditions, with more land emerged in the area of Central America than at present, various groups of Indians from the Great Island of the Bahamas, existing in that period, and, later, from southern Mississippi and Florida, descended towards Cuba, settling in it. Later, waves from Venezuela, either via Nicaragua-Honduras, or through the Antillean archipelago, arrived on the island, bringing their original Arauca customs.
Colonial era of Cuba
- Colonial History of Cuba Timeline
Cube history timeline: Cuba was discovered during the first voyage of Columbus on October 27, 1492, inhabited the island by guanacahíbes, ciboneyes and taínos Indians, in number exceeding 60,000. Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar (1465-1524) began his conquest, for which he had to overcome the indigenous opposition led by the Dominican cacique Hatuey.
The economic activity of the conquistadors was mainly concentrated in the search for gold and mining. And for this purpose it is for what the indigenous population framed in the so-called “repartimientos” was used.
The subsequent discovery of the continent and the scarce labor force provided by the aborigines, whose number was 5,000 in 1540, caused interest in the island to decline, which was subjected to frequent attacks by English corsairs, due to its strategic location.
In the second half of the sixteenth century, and under the cover of a notable demographic impulse, the sugar industry began to develop, closely related to the introduction of African slaves. In the seventeenth century, Cuba was one of the world’s leading producers of tobacco
The Royal Havana Trade Company was founded in 1740, which controlled the island’s imports and exports, despite which clandestine trade with other countries persisted.
In 1762, Havana was taken by the English, who decreed freedom of trade during the 16 months of occupation. After the Peace of Versailles (1763), Spain recovered the city and new activities (honey and coffee) developed on the island, favored by the massive influx of African slaves.
The newly formed Cuban oligarchy remained oblivious to the first independence outbreaks (1808-1812) and opted for the commitment to the metropolis (Spain), especially since Femando VII, officially recognized the freedom of trade. By that time, exports of coffee, tobacco and fruit had increased considerably, and those of sugar were experiencing an increasing pace.
The triumph of the liberals in Spain (1820-1823) and the growing interest shown by the United States in the island were creating an environment conducive to the consolidation of an independence consciousness. On the other hand, the process of the Industrial Revolution already made it necessary to abolish the slave regime and replace it with wage labour, a demand that began to be assumed by the nuclei of the liberal bourgeoisie.
A Brief History of Cuba Communism
Then, in 1959, Fidel Castro led a revolution in Cuba. However, Castro did not bring freedom to Cuba. Instead, he became a dictator. Castro introduced a repressive communist regime. Independent unions became illegal and all political dissent was crushed.
However, the lesson of history is that socialism does not work. The Cuban economy stagnated during the 1960s and 1970s. Meanwhile, Cuba became a satellite of the Soviet Union. Many people fled communism. Many Cubans escaped to the United States. Many more died in the attempt. (Many people drowned trying to cross the sea.)
Meanwhile, relations with the U.S. deteriorated and in 1961 1,400 CIA-trained Cuban emigrants were sent to invade Cuba. They landed at the Bay of Pigs, but the invasion ended in total failure. In 1962 the United States imposed a blockade on Cuba.
In addition, Cuba was economically dependent on the USSR. When the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, the situation in communist Cuba became desperate. The living conditions of ordinary people in Cuba worsened even more. They suffered food shortages.
So Castro was forced to allow free enterprise. It also opened Cuba to tourism. Then, in 2008, Fidel Castro resigned. Meanwhile, in 1998 the Pope visited Cuba for the first time.
Today Cuba is still a dictatorship. However, the end of an era came in 2014, when the U.S. and Cuba normalized their relations. The current population of Cuba is 11 million.
Recent History Of Cuban
On February 15, 1976, a new socialist constitution was approved in a referendum. In October of the same year, elections were held for the National Assembly of People’s Power, a body that in turn elected the Council of State, with Castro as president.
Relations with the United States deteriorated further with the participation of Cuban troops in the Angolan war (1976) and the Ethiopia-Somalia war (1977), and with Cuba’s help to the Sandinista regime in Nicaragua.
In 1980, there was a profound political readjustment that increased Castro’s powers. The economic problems generated that year a massive emigration (200,000 people). On December 22, 1988, Cuba signed in New York the treaties for the independence of Namibia and the withdrawal of its troops from Angola (April 1989-July 1991).
A drug trafficking scandal (June 1989) caused the regime’s most serious crisis since its founding. It was silenced with the mock trial and execution of four senior military leaders, including General Arnaldo Ochoa, former head of the troops in Angola and national hero.
With the disintegration of the USSR, Cuba, with which it developed 80% of its trade, lost 4,000 million dollars a year of aid and a favorable barter of sugar for oil. The regime launched the zero option to combat energy shortages, promoted tourism and legalized the possession of dollars (1993).
The growing deterioration of the economy motivated in 1994 the so-called crisis of the “rafters”. Thousands of Cubans left the island in small, precarious boats to head to the United States.
The exodus was controlled by the government which reached a pact with the US administration. However, he refused to lift the economic embargo. Washington tightened the trade embargo with the Helms-Burton Act (1996), aimed at aggravating and internationalizing the embargo.
Relations with the Catholic Church improved dramatically after F. Castro was received by the Pope at the Vatican (1996) and John Paul II visited Cuba (January 21-25, 1998). Consequently, the Government allowed priests to enter the island. He also declared a Christmas Day holiday and released some 200 political prisoners, the most generous pardon since 1979. History of Cuba.
But the Cuban government also had the National Assembly approve a so-called Law for the Protection of National Independence and the Economy that dealt a severe blow to dissent and journalistic practice (1999) and a constitutional reform law that declares the island’s socialist regime irrevocable (2002).
In October 2000, the US Congress approved a cut to the embargo. It authorized the sale to Cuba of food and medicine, the first U.S. products to be the subject of commercial transactions in more than 40 years.
Cuban Culture and Fashion
- Culture History of Cuba
Cuba is a country rich in culture and history, which is reflected in its fashion. The island nation has a unique style that is a blend of Spanish, African, and indigenous influences.
Cuban fashion is characterized by bright colors, bold prints, and flowing fabrics. The guayabera shirt is a traditional Cuban garment that has become a symbol of Cuban culture. It is a lightweight, loose-fitting shirt made of cotton or linen, with two or four pockets and pleats down the front.
Women’s fashion in Cuba is also colorful and vibrant. The traditional dress for women is the “guajira,” a long, flowing dress made of lightweight fabric. It is often worn with a headscarf and sandals. Many Cuban women also wear brightly colored skirts, blouses, and dresses.
Cuba is also known for its dance culture, and this is reflected in its fashion. Salsa and other Latin dances require clothing that is comfortable and easy to move in. This has led to the popularity of the “casual” style, which includes loose-fitting pants and skirts, and comfortable shoes.
Accessories are also an important part of Cuban fashion. Hats, scarves, and jewelry are all popular, and often feature bright colors and bold designs.
Overall, Cuban fashion is a reflection of the country’s rich cultural heritage. It embraces color, comfort, and movement, and is a celebration of life and joy.
Cuba woman lifestyle
- History of Cuban Lifestyle
Cuban women have a unique lifestyle characterized by their culture, traditions, and history. The country has a predominantly patriarchal society, but Cuban women have made significant strides over the years in attaining gender equality.
Cuban women are educated and often work in fields such as medicine, education, and government. They also play an active role in politics, with many female politicians holding positions of power in the government.
Family is a crucial aspect of Cuban culture, and women play a significant part in maintaining family traditions and values. They are often the primary caretakers of children and elderly family members.
As Cuba is known for its music and dance, women are also active in the arts, with many well-known female musicians, dancers, and artists originating from the country.
Cuban women take pride in the way they present themselves, often dressing fashionably and wearing makeup. They also value physical fitness, with many participating in sports such as volleyball, boxing, and track and field.
Overall, Cuban women have a vibrant and diverse lifestyle, driven by their unique culture and opportunities for education and job advancement.
History of the flag of Cuba
History of Cuba Flag: In 1849 the Cuban poet Miguel Teurbe Toulon, following orders from General Narciso López, was inspired by the American flag of Stars and Stripes to create the national pavilion. This soldier, of Venezuelan origin, landed with his troops to try to liberate the island colonized by the Spaniards since the early sixteenth century. History of Cuba.
In 1902, the year of independence, this blue, white and starry red flag flew in Cuba, with its 1,600 islands, islets and reefs. Between 1956 and 1959 Ernesto Che Guevara participated in the revolutionary movement led by Fidel Castro.
In that time of guerrillas, the red Estrella sewn on a beret was the symbolic celestial guide of socialism. Since 1976 Castro ruled Cuba with an iron fist, and in 2008 he definitively ceded the presidency to his brother Raúl. History of Cuba.
Regarding what the flag of Cuba means and its colors, you should know that the Cuban flag is popularly known as “crocodile of the Caribbean”. It owes its nickname to its peculiar shape, it has the Lone Star as a guide. History of Cuba.
- The three blue strips represent the three original provinces.
- The color white symbolizes the purity of the ideas of revolution and justice.
- The lone white star in the red triangle symbolizes the blood shed for independence. Inspired by the Texas flag, it lights the way to freedom.
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