History of Croatia
The history of Croatia is quite old. In the year 925 AD, Croatia became a state and Tamislav became its first ruler. It made considerable progress during the reigns of King Peter Cresmir IV and Jonimir. Croatia was merged into Hungary in the year 1102 through the Pacta Agreement. In the year 1918, Croatia announced its separation from Hungary and joined Yugoslavia. During the Second World War, the Nazis occupied the territory of Croatia and established the independent state of Croatia.
After the war ended Croatia again joined Yugoslavia as a founding member. The disintegration of the Soviet Union also led to a scatter in Yugoslavia. As a result, on 25 June 1991, Croatia became an independent country.
The history of Croatia has not been so good, especially for their independence. In history, this country could never remain independent for a long time. Sometimes it was made part of the Austrian umpire, sometimes under Yugoslavia for a long time and sometimes Nazi Germans kept their suzerainty working with puppet governments. This country was completely independent in 1919. Due to these struggles, the people here become emotional on the small achievement of their country, have a devoted attitude towards the country.
Nazi Germany occupied Croatia during World War II. Later it was liberated with the help of Russian Union and Americans. But after the formation of Yugoslavia, it was made a part of Yugoslavia even after the people of Croatia did not want it. In Yugoslavia Balkan countries – Slovenia, Bosnia, Serbia, Mastonia, Croatia and Montenegro were called groups of countries. Croatia could not even try for its independence as long as Tito, the leader of Yugoslavia, was alive.
After the death of Tito in the 1980s there was a demand for independence in Croatia and Serbia. In which the people of Croatia were oppressed by the people of Serbia in the war of Serbia and Croatia. Millions died. In the year 1901, peace was established between these two countries with the help of 17000 military forces sent by the United Nations, but the differences continue.
Croatia is a small country between the Panonian plains and the Mediterranean Sea in Southeast Europe. The south and west sides of the country meet the Adriatic Sea. There are about a thousand islands, big and small along the Adriatic Sea. So there has been a lot of scope for tourism here.
Its neighboring countries are Hungary, Slovenia, Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovinia. It is spread over 56 thousand square kilometers i.e. equal to Himachal Pradesh. Most people in this country are Roman Catholics
Croatia was once part of Yugoslavia
Croatia was a part of Yugoslavia before 1991. On 25 June 1991, it announced its separation from Yugoslavia. However Yugoslavia did not approve it. For this reason, the Army of Yugoslavia caused massive oppression there. Thousands of Croatians were killed. At least one lakh 70 thousand Croatian citizens had to leave home to escape persecution. By the end of 1991, Croatia had occupied only one-third of its land.
In January 1992, Croatia was recognized by the European Economic Community and subsequently by the United Nations. Finally in 1995, Croatia’s army defeated Yugoslavia’s army and became an independent country.
There are few countries in the world whose history is less heard, read and what is their status, civilization, culture, we are less able to know. One such country is Croatia. On reading the history of this country, it is known that it is a football more than the country, which the dictators took apart when they wanted to separate according to their own.
Croatia is a very small country under the European group. At present, the total population of this country is close to 42 lakhs. That is, if we compare this country with India, then it is only one-fifth of the city of Mumbai. There is a lot of trend towards sports especially FIFA in this country. The population here is educated, wealthy, which keeps this country in developed countries. Talking about the Human Development Index, this country has a 75th rank, which shows a better situation. Croatia is also a member of the United Nations, WTO and NATO along with European Union.
Zagreb capital and most prominent city
History of Zagreb Croatia
The capital of Croatia is Zagreb. It is also the largest city in Croatia with a population of about 8 lakhs. That is, every fifth person in Croatia lives in Zagreb. The entire city is spread over an area of about 600 sq km.
Like most of the European countries like Poland, Germany, Lithuania, Croatia does not face the wrath of severe cold, but the heat of the sun gets more due to more sunlight. And perhaps the favorable weather here is a big reason for the people here to have a fascination for field sports. The capital of this country is ‘Zagreb’. Which is located in the middle of the country. Croatia shares its border with many countries such as Slovenia, Bosnia and Serbia. Croatia is close to the Adriatic coastline.
There is no unbearable heat, but when it comes to European countries, Croatia will come in hot countries. The longest river here is the Sava River, which is a tributary originating from Danavu, the longest river in Europe. If we talk about the whole of Europe, then the longest river is the Vulga river which flows through Rasiya but in the area where Rasiya is not included, then the longest river of European Union is Danabu river, from which the long river of Croatia originates Sava. Although the lake here is not so famous but Lake Vrana is famous.
Since 2013, Croatia became a member of the European Union. But the euro is not used here, but the currency of Croatia is Kuna.
Population, Civilization and Religion
The population of this country is about 62 lakhs. As we know European countries are trying to establish many religions. Croatia, unlike European countries, gives more importance to its civilization, culture and language. The majority of the population here is Roman Catholic. The youth group here is also seen respecting its culture. The people here are called Slavs based on their civilization, language. Slavic is their tradition.
In history Croatians have been described as a mixed breed of people from Europeans and Central Asia. But after passing this generation, it is difficult to determine. Most of the people here are tall, brown / golden hair and blue eyes. The language of Croatia – is called Slavic language. Other countries covered under Slavic languages are Russian Slavic, Polish, Ukrainian Slavic, Serbian Slavic. The cities here are very small inhabited. The smallest city in the world is the ‘Hum’ city of Croatia.
Controversy between Croatia and Serbia over Nikola Tesla
The dispute between Croatia and Serbia about Nikola Tesla is well known. Since Nikola Tesla is born in Croatia and the ancestors were from Serbia, differences between the two countries for Tesla remain. To end this controversy, Nikola Tesla said- “I am equally proud on my Serbian and Croatian Fatherland”
The Plitvice Lakes National Park
The Plitvice Lakes National Park is renowned for its sixteen beautiful lakes, linked to each other by cascading waterfalls. Founded in 1949 and located in Croatia’s mountainous north, the stunning park has been recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 1979. Wikipedia source
Football in Croatia
Croatia first played the FIFA World Cup in 1998 after becoming independent in 1991. With this, he has participated in the FIFA World Cup 5 times so far. In his very first FIFA World Cup, he made history by reaching the semi-finals. But in the subsequent three World Cups, he was eliminated in the group stage. oldest Region
The reason why football is so ahead in Croatia is because it has maintained the Academy system of Yugoslavia even after independence. There are more than 1500 football clubs in this small country which has 1 Lac 35 thousand registered football players. Read about Norway