The History Of Armenia Timeline
Armenia, a trans-Balkan territory located between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea, has been trampled underfoot, since ancient times, by armies of devastation and migratory hordes. It has suffered over the centuries the domination of the Romans, the Byzantines, the Persians of the Arabs, the Ottomans, the Russians, the Turks.
- Total Area of Armenia Armenia covers an area of 29,743 sq. km (11,484 sq mi)
- Language of Armenia Armenian
- Capital of Armenia Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia and one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities
- Currency of Armenia The Armenian Dram is the currency of Armenia
Religion In Armenia
History on Armenia : Religion Ratio in Armenia Country.
|Rank||Faith||% Of Population Affiliated To The Faith|
|1||Armenian Apostolic Church||92.5%|
The Origins History of Armenian
The history of Armenians has its roots in the times of the Kingdom of Urartu, which ruled the area from 1000 to .C. and for about 500 years. Its name most likely derives from the sacred Mount Ararat present in the Old Testament, today on the Turkish-Armenian border and a pilgrimage destination. Subsequently, the ancient kingdom was dominated by the Persians of Darius I who annexed the Armenian territory and divided it into two different provinces.
The various dynasties that followed one another on the territory were always vassals of the Persian Empire, but which always preserved the Armenian language and traditions. Finally in 330 BC.C. Alexander the Great, who had already begun his expansion and defeated the Persians, arrived in Armenia annexing it to his Kingdom. The history of armenia timeline.
Armenian Empire and Roman Rule
During the Hellenistic era the area remained somewhat faithful to ancient traditions, so much so that the official language will still be Armenian. The Artassid dynasty submitted to the Macedonians of Alexander the Great who entrusted the crown of the Seleucid Empire to the local King Tigrans II the Great. From this moment the Armenian Empire was born, one of the great pride of the modern people and a very important stage in the history of Armenia.
In fact, when in 1 a.C. the Roman Empire also arrived in Armenia, Roman historians saw an independent kingdom, which soon became a protectorate of Rome. Of this period we are left with the incredible testimony of Garni, where stands the ancient Greco-Roman Temple dedicated to the God Mithras, the only testimony of this kind in Armenia. Finally Trajan in 114 d.C. transformed present-day Armenia into a province of the Empire.
History of Christianity in Armenia
The advent of Christianity
301 A.D.C. is a pivotal year in the history of Armenia and the Armenian people. In fact, on this date Christianity was applied as the official religion, and Armenia became the first country in the world to adopt the teachings of Jesus Christ. This epochal passage is due to St. Gregory the Illuminator, who managed to convert King Tiridates III. In fact, according to tradition, St. Gregory, who was imprisoned in Khor Virap at the hands of the pagan king, performed a miracle.
Therefore the Armenian king decided to convert and had a monastery built on the site where the saint was imprisoned. Once the Christian faith was formalized on Armenian territory, St. Gregory established the Apostolic See in Echmiadzin, the spiritual heart of all Armenia.
The Years of Splendor and the Kingdom of Cilicia
With the advent of the Byzantines and the definitive victory over the Persians, the history of Armenia and the Armenian people saw the beginning of the rule of the Eastern Roman Empire. However, the religious beliefs of the Byzantines differed too much from that of the Armenian Church, which was not completely free to profess its faith. The Byzantines themselves tried in vain several times to convert the Armenians to Orthodoxy.
In response to this, in 884 the Armenians managed to regain independence, build the new capital Ani currently in Turkey, and re-establish their religious beliefs. This was for the Armenian people a period of cultural revival. The city of Ani was known for its splendor and immense wealth. Also called “The city of 1001 churches“, within its walls there were 200,000 inhabitants. But even in the inland areas of the Caucasus Armenian art flourished again, thanks to its many monasteries such as those of Tatev, Geghard, Noravank and Sevanavank, on Lake Sevan.
The new Kingdom of Armenia had to surrender to the invasions of the Seljuk Turks in 1071. The last Armenian King Gagik II escaped from the city of Ani and found refuge in Cilicia, in the southern area of Turkey. Here the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia was founded, while the ancient capital of Ani was destroyed and sacked by the Turkish tribes.
The Ottoman Rule and the Armenian Genocide
Ottoman Rule in History of Armenia: A large part of the Armenian people had meanwhile moved to Cilicia, while Armenia proper was dominated by different populations. In 1453 the Ottoman Empire conquered Constantinople, and for the history of the Armenian people began a phase of decline that ended in tragedy. In fact, if in Constantinople the Armenians were well respected and a patriarchate was even established, in the rest of the Empire they were discriminated against and forced to pay higher tributes.
By 1894 ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II had found himself ruling an Empire in sharp decline, and the Armenian population of Eastern Anatolia began to rise. Therefore the Sultan ordered a first mass extermination of the Armenians, where about 80,000 people perished. In 1915, however, a real genocide took place. In fact, the Young Turks had settled in the government and, fearing that the disgruntled Armenians would join the Russians in the uprising, opted for another extermination. On the night of April 23, 1915, the first mass deportation was ordered, the famous death marches, which ended with a total of 1 million and 200 thousand dead.
The extermination of the Armenians is considered the first genocide of the twentieth century, and is still an extremely sensitive subject for Turkey, and of extreme pain for the Armenian people and its history.
Soviet Union and Independence
Armenia was incorporated in 1922 into the Soviet Union, as the Transcaucasian Federative Soviet Socialist Republic, which also included present-day Georgia and Azerbaijan. Under Soviet rule, Armenia managed to achieve a decent economic development, which however did not guarantee freedom of speech that hindered the ancient dream of an Armenian nation. History Of Armenia.
With the final fall of the Soviet Union, Armenia was one of the first countries to gain independence, and on September 21, 1991 it was finally declared independent, with Yerevan as its capital. The dream of rebuilding the ancient city of Ani and freely going to the sacred Mount of the Armenians Ararat is even more alive than ever in the soul of its people. Currently among the 8 million Armenians in the world, only 3 million live in Armenia. The rest are found in other countries, the United States, France and Russia in the first place, due to the Armenian diaspora and the numerous persecutions received. Armenia latest news.
History Of Armenia Azerbaijan Conflict
History Of Armenia Azerbaijan Conflict Nagorno-Karabakh: In the 1920s, the Soviet government established the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Region, where 95 percent of the population is ethnically Armenian, within Azerbaijan. Under Bolshevik rule, the struggle between the two countries remained under control, but as the Soviet Union began to collapse, so did its control over Armenia and Azerbaijan.
In 1988, the Nagorno-Karabakh legislature passed a resolution to join Armenia despite the region’s legal location within Azerbaijan’s borders. When the Soviet Union finally dissolved in 1991, the autonomous region officially declared its independence.
War broke out between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the region, leaving approximately 30,000 dead and hundreds of thousands of refugees. In 1993, Armenia controlled Nagorno-Karabakh and occupied 20 percent of the surrounding Azerbaijani territory. In 1994, Russia negotiated a ceasefire that has been in place ever since.
Nagorno-Karabakh has been a constant conflict for more than a decade, but tensions have remained since the breakdown of talks that followed the April 2016 violence, with repeated ceasefire violations. And while Azerbaijan is mostly Muslim and Armenia is mostly Christian, the conflict is not as tied to religion as some would have you believe.
Armenian People Culture and Fashion
The Armenian people are born and develop over the centuries in the Caucasus and the Armenian Plateau, which is situated between the Caucasus, the Iran Plateau and the Anatolian Peninsula. A large concentration of Armenians has remained in the region, especially in present-day Armenia, but many of them are scattered throughout the world (Armenian diaspora). Armenians have had a significant presence in countries such as Russia, Georgia and Iran, due to their geographical proximity.
Armenian Music Of Culture
Duduk is the oboe of Armenia, which is accompanied by folk songs and dances at social events such as weddings, anniversaries and funerals. His structure and ability to play are unique, and his warm and soft tone is unique.
Armenian Dress and Culture Armenian women wear long skirts with aprons and blouses as typical dress. Some women wear baggy pants. The shoes and boots they wear should look up. Armenian men wear wide trousers, long-sleeved vests and a headscarf as typical clothing. This is all about History of Armenia.