A Brief History of Albania Timeline 1912

A Short History of Albania Timeline

A Short History of Albania: To know the origins of Albania , you must first know what it is like and what its geographical situation is. This is important in order to understand why it has been a territory coveted by multiple peoples throughout history .

History of Albania
History of Albania

The History Of Albania

The History of Albania: Albania ( Shqipeñsé ) is located on the Balkan Peninsula, on the shores of the Adriatic and Ionian seas. It is bordered to the north and east by Montenegro, Serbia, and Macedonia , and to the south and east by Greece. Its inhabitants, one of the oldest towns in Europe, are used to enduring foreign domination and the permanent struggle with a hostile physical environment.

History On Albania

Their language has been influenced by Greek, Latin, Turkish and Slavic languages, and they are mostly Muslim. This is why its towns and cities are decorated with the slender towers and stylized minarets of mosques.

The permanent fear of invasion has hardened the character of the Albanians, who for centuries were considered the best soldiers in the Turkish army. However, they are a friendly, welcoming and supportive people .

History About Albania

  • Continent : Europe.
  • Area : 28,748 km².
  • Capital : Tirana.
  • Population : 2,846,124 inhabitants.
  • Currency : lek.
  • Official language : Albanian.

Antiquity and Middle Ages

Mid Age History of Albania: The Albanian territory was originally, due to its physical characteristics, a place of refuge for a primitive people of Illyrian base almost on the fringes of history.

Rome seized the territory (year 168 BC) after a victory that ended the three Illyrian Wars . Roman rule gave way to Byzantine domination and, successively, to the invasion of the Goths (5th century) and the reconquest by Justinian (553).

See also  Today In History Of Nigeria Colonization Timeline 1960

The irruption of the Serbs (year 636) and that of the Bulgarians (917-1019) followed. In the 13th century Albania was briefly under Venetian suzerainty and then again under the rule of the Bulgarians . It then passed into the hands of the Serbs, defeated in turn by the Turkish sultan Murat.

The Turkish domination was hampered (1443-68) by the resistance of the Albanians, led by a popular guerrilla named Skanderberg or also Jorge Castriota : after his death, the Turks strengthened their power.

Albanian independence, world wars and communism

Albania achieved its independence in 1912 , under the form of a monarchy led by King Zog . Italy conquered the country in 1939 , at the outbreak of World War II , which provoked a popular resistance movement from which emerged the National Liberation Front , led by Enver Hodja , which in 1945 proclaimed a people ‘s republic subordinate to the USSR .

The country experienced progressive isolation, under an extraordinarily rigid Marxist-Leninist regime , led by the communist Labor Party (PT), but not without tensions: with Yugoslavia first (from 1948), with the USSR and the rest of the socialist countries later (1961), and even with post- Maoist China.

The History of Albania Timeline
The History of Albania Timeline

The highest representative of the communist regime was the head of the Communist Party (PT) E. Hodja who governed from 1944 to 1985. After his death, he was succeeded in his positions by Ramiz Alia .

Albanian contemporary history

In the 1991 elections , the first with a plurality of parties, the PT won in rural areas but the Democratic Party won in the cities . The Government was collapsed by strong social protests and a mass exodus to Italy , and had to call new elections.

See also  The History of Greece Timeline

The war in Kosovo (1999) caused a wave of refugees and strong tension on the border, from where the Kosovo Liberation Army (UCK) operated.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) troops and NGOs established reception camps for Kosovar Albanian refugees, who fled the country following the withdrawal of Serb troops from Kosovo.

In a disarmament process, in 2007 Albania was the first country in the world to eliminate its entire arsenal of chemical weapons.

History of the flag of Albania

History of Albania Flag: The double-headed black eagle spreads its wings silhouetted against a blood-red background . This emblem of the Byzantine Empire was also the coat of arms of the national hero Gjergj Kastrioti, better known as Skanderberg (1405-1468), leader of the resistance against the Ottoman invader (1444).

«AlbanoT», that was how Ptolemy, the great Greek astronomer, mathematician and geographer of the 2nd century AD. C., called this country the Balkans. According to legend, the Albanians would be the descendants of this mythical ancestor with powerful claws, “children of the eagle” (Shkypetars).

Bathed in the west by the Adriatic Sea, and wedged between the Albanian Alps to the north and the mountains of Greece to the south, this territory has always been coveted. Colonized by the kings of Epirus, Macedonia and then Rome, Albania was invaded by the Slavs (7th century) and the Ottomans (11th century).

History of Albania flag
History of Albania flag

In 1912, the long-awaited independence of Albania arrived and, with it, the winds of freedom began to blow. Proclaimed a people’s republic in 1946, Albania added to its coat of arms bordered by yellow trim the red star of communism .

See also  Today The History of Australia Timeline: Before-After 1788

In 1961 it broke off relations with the USSR , and in 1978 with China. The star would remain above the bird of prey until April 1992.

Albanian Peoples And Fashion

Though the majority of Albanians are Muslims, they do not wear traditional clothes that cover the whole body. On the contrary, hot Albanian girls are fond of fashionable looks. Many young girls wear mini skirts and short dresses. More mature women prefer to follow Italian fashion, choosing elegant suits, high-quality shoes, and exquisite accessories. History of Albania.

Albanian Fashion Megi Rama
Albanian Fashion Megi Rama

So, the manner Albanian women dress emphasizes their natural beauty and makes them even more attractive to men. But before falling in love with a beautiful Albanian girl, learn more about the character traits that are most common for the people of this nationality.

 

Read Also History of Tunisia

References

Note: If there is any suggestion or correction. Please mail us. Go in the contact section.