A History Of The Nepal Timeline
The History of Nepal: The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a country with a thousand-year-old history. Its geographical location, between four major countries, has always marked the destiny of this region. It was occupied by various peoples and British protectorate. It gained its independence to become an authoritarian monarchy and then a democracy. Nepal was known to the ancient Indians. It was mentioned in the classical literature of India.
The land where Siddhartha Gautama, Buddha, was born is still today one of the fiefdoms of Buddhism, although this religion must coexist with the majority Hindu population. Due to the relative stability of the country, this has also been one of the most important destinations for travelers since the massification of tourism.
Although a good number of adventurers knew from several decades before its beautiful valleys and its cozy population. Not in vain, Nepal has traditionally been the “land” base of mountaineers who intend to ascend beyond the clouds, to the summits of the Himalayan giants.
Chronology Of History Nepali
The primitive history of Nepal is dark and the dynastic chronicles are mixed with mythological accounts, without it being possible to check the chronology. The existence of the Kirati is known to have been known to have been around 563 BC. C., one of the earliest known Nepalese groups.
Emperor Aśoka ruled over a large empire that included the southern Terai region of present-day Nepal and northern India and in the first century BC. In 200 AD, the Buddhist empire was displaced by resurgent Hindu fiefdoms, such as the Licchavi Dynasty. It can be said that the annals of Nepalese history begin in 879, with the beginning of a new era under Raja Raghavadeva.
Gurkha History of Nepal: In 1488, King Jaya-Sthitinalla divided his kingdom among his four heirs, creating the principalities of Kathmandu, Bhatgaon, Patan and Benapa. In the eighteenth century, the Gurkhas, Hindus expelled from their country by the Muslims, undertook the conquest of Nepal, which they occupied in 1768, after the capture of Kathmandu.
The Gurkhas tried to spread to Tibet (1790), but were defeated by the Chinese, who subjected them to vassalage. To free themselves, they signed trade treaties with Britain (1791–92) and accepted a British resident in Kathmandu (1801). Gurkha expansionism led to a war with the British over the border territories of India (1814-15).
The Rana Regime
History of Nepal Rana Regime: After a period of conspiracies and instability, Yung Bahadur (1846) took power, who adopted the title Rana and initiated the Rana regime, which lasted until 1950. Bahadur reduced the king to the status of mere pensioner and made the office of prime minister hereditary.
He put an end to the antagonistic policy with Britain and provided military aid during the sepoy rebellion. In reward, the British respected their policy of isolating themselves from the outside world and employed Gurkha troops abundantly in the Hindu army. This situation continued with little modification until the British left India.
Internally, the dominant factor was the deaf struggle between the sovereigns and the Rana family. The conflict worsened, beginning in 1947, when independent India attempted to annex Nepal. King Tribhuvana took refuge in New Delhi (1950), and from there organized the coup d’état that allowed him to proclaim the constitutional monarchy (1951) and, subsequently, expel the Rana from power.
Monarchy in History of Nepal: In March 1955, Mahendra Bir Bikram ascended the throne on the death of his father. With him began the opening of Nepal to the outside: in May 1955 he participated in the Bandung conference and in December he joined the UN.
In the general elections of 1959, the Congress Party (NCP) triumphed by a large majority with a socializing program and its leader, B. P. Koirala, was assigned head of government. But in December 1960, King Mahendra, supported by the army, dismissed and imprisoned Koirala and assumed the head of government.
Mahendra promulgated a new Constitution (1962), by which, in fact, political parties were replaced by local councils (Panchayats). After his death (1972) he was succeeded by Prince Birendra Bir Bikram, crowned in 1975.
Real authoritarianism gave way to relative liberalization and K. N. Bista was appointed prime minister (1977). But the demonstrations in favor of the democratization of the regime (1979) determined his replacement by S. B. Thapa, who resigned in turn in 1983. The history of Nepal.
He was succeeded by Lokendra Bahadur Chand (1983-86), Marich Man Singh (1986-90), Krishna Prasad Bhattari (1990-91) and Girija Prasad Koirala (1991-94) of the Congress Party. The history of Nepal.
Where Is Nepal On A Map
Where Is Nepal On A Map.
History of the flag of Nepal
Rhododendrons is the national flower of Nepal. It grows around Kathmandu and reddens the southern slopes of the Himalayas. The color of the national flower illuminates the Nepalese flag, the only national emblem in the world that is not shaped like a quadrilateral.
This flag is the result of the union of two pennants belonging to two rival branches of the Rana dynasty, marked the origin (nineteenth century) of the current Nepalese banner, which was finally adopted on December 16, 1962. The history of Nepal.
Nepal, former British protectorate (1816-1925), bordering China to the north and India to the south, symbolizes with the two triangles of the pavilion the Himalayan peaks, but also Buddhism and Hinduism, the main creeds of the country. The history of Nepal.
The hope of this nation, located at the foot of the “roof of the world”, lies in enduring as long as the moon and the sun, here represented in white (the sun, partially hidden in the upper triangle, reappears whole in the lower one). Originally they symbolized the old royal house and the prime minister, descendant of the Rana family. The blue trim is a symbol of peace. The history of Nepal.
History of Nepal Today
Modern history of Nepal: In 1950 the Frog was overthrown and royal authority was restored. Then, in 1959, elections were held in Nepal. However, the king quarreled with the elected Congress and dismissed him in 1960. Under a new constitution of 1962 the king had all the royal power. The history of Nepal.
However, in 1990, widespread protests led to the restoration of democracy. Nepal obtained a new constitution and elections were held in 1991. Then, in 1994, a minority communist government took power. However, in 1995, the Supreme Court annulled the election results and reinstated the previous parliament.
In 1996 a Maoist (communist) insurgency began in Nepal that severely damaged the economy. However, a peace agreement was signed in November 2006. Elections were held in April 2008 and a coalition government came to power. In May 2008 the monarchy was abolished and Nepal became a republic. Nepal obtained a new constitution in 2015. The history of Nepal.
Today Nepal is still a poor country. Most people live off agriculture. However, tourism in Nepal has great potential. The current population of Nepal is 29 million.