10 World’s Biggest Volcano List
Top World’s Biggest Volcano: the eruption of Mauna Loa, the world’s largest volcano. The giant of 5,271 square kilometers of surface and with a maximum width of 120 had been silent since April 1984. The Hawaiian population has been alerted by the danger posed by the advance of the lava, since it occupies almost half of the entire island.
The oldest lava flows found on Earth, near the village of Inukjuak, on the shore of Hudson Bay in Canada, are 3.825 billion years old. The youngest of these lava flows is the 70,000 years old Pitchstone rhyolite flow in the southwest corner of Yellowstone National Park.
Who found the first volcano?
A man named Pliny the Younger was in a town 30 kilometers west of Mount Vesuvius and wrote a detailed account of what he saw happen in a letter. This is said to be the first written description of a volcanic eruption, and many regard Pliny the Younger as the first to discover volcanoes.
Yellowstone National Park
is Yellowstone the largest volcano in the world?
Big volcano Hawaii
In the previous 2.1 million years, the Yellowstone super volcano, which scored an 8 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, has erupted three times, most recently 640,000 years ago. An eruption at Yellowstone would be beyond anything the human race has ever known. big volcano Hawaii.
According to a team of experts who wrote a paper on catastrophic geohazards for the European Science Foundation in 2015, it would be “the greatest catastrophe since the dawn of civilization”. Yellowstone has had three significant eruptions, in 2.08, 1.3, and 0.631 million years ago. This translates to an average interval between eruptions of around 725,000 years. Accordingly, there are still roughly 100,000 years to go, but this estimate is irrelevant because it is based on the average of only two intervals between eruptions.
Is Yellowstone the Largest Volcano in The World?
- How big Yellowstone volcano?
How big Yellowstone volcano? The latest of the trio of super volcano eruptions created the park’s huge crater, measuring 30 by 45 miles across (48 by 72 kilometers).
What is a very famous volcano?
- Mount Vesuvius, Italy
Located near Naples in Italy, Mount Vesuvius is perhaps the world’s most famous volcano. Almost two thousand years ago, in the late summer (or early autumn) of AD 79, Mount Vesuvius violently erupted. Largest volcano world area as below map.
What is the Pacific Ring of Fire?
What is ring of fire largest volcano world? The Pacific Ring of Fire, also called the Pacific Ring of Fire, is the name given to a horseshoe-shaped area that lies in the Pacific Ocean and extends from South and North America to East Asia, Australia and New Zealand. There are concentrated 75% of the inactive and active volcanoes on Earth, where 90% of all earthquakes in the world originate and 80% of the largest earthquakes, so the Pacific Ring of Fire causes the greatest seismic and volcanic activity that extends over 40,000 kilometers.
Why the Ring of Fire concentrates the largest seismic activity on the planet
In the center of the Pacific Ocean is where the tectonic plates that are in permanent friction are born, so they accumulate tension. When that tension is released, it causes one to move underneath the other, causing earthquakes felt by countries on the edge of continents. The Pacific tectonic plates are the Eurasian tectonic; the Philippines; Indo-Australian; the North American; that of Cocos; the Caribbean; that of Nazca; the South American; Antarctica and the Pacific.
Which countries does the Pacific Ring of Fire cover?
It then doubles to the height of the Aleutian Islands, in the northern Pacific Ocean, between Alaska and the Kamchatka Peninsula and then down to include the coast and islands of Russia, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, East Timor, Brunei, Singapore, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Samoa, Tuvalu and New Zealand.
What The Top 10 Biggest Volcano in the World?
Top 10 Largest volcano in the world: There are numerous volcanoes that we can find around the world. However, due to its history, its dimensions or its activity, there are several that stand out from the rest.
Ten Biggest Volcano List as below:
- Mauna Loa – United States
- Mount Kilimanjaro – Tanzania
- Popocatépetl – Mexico
- Mount Fuji – Japan
- Mount Semeru – Indonesia
- Etna – Italy
- Mount St. Helens – United States
- Mayon Volcano – Philippines
- Mount Bromo – Indonesia
- Arenal Volcano – Costa Rica.
1. Mauna Loa Volcano – United States
- first biggest volcano in the world
Biggest volcano in the world: It is one of the largest volcanoes on Earth, and one of 5 found on the island of Hawaii. Its name means “long mountain” in the Hawaiian language. It is considered the largest volcano on Earth in terms of area and volume, as its neighbor Mauna Kea surpasses it in height. Ancient Hawaiians had some stories about Mauna Loa, which they considered sacred. It covers an area of about 5,271 square kilometers and has a width of approximately 120 kilometers. Because of these dimensions, the volcano covers nearly half of the area of the island of Hawaii. Above sea level, it stands at a height of about 4,169-4,170 meters. Its approximate volume is 75-80,000 cubic kilometers.
Mauna Loa Volcano Formation
Big volcano Hawaii. The Hawaiian Islands were created as a result of the movement of the Pacific plate over a hot spotover the course of the last 30 million years. Mauna Loa is the second youngest of the volcanoes on the island of Hawaii.
› Mauna Loa is the second youngest of the volcanoes on the island of Hawaii.
It began as an underwater volcano 600,000 thousand years ago-1 million years ago. However, this estimate is not exact, as it could have started forming as early as 500,000 years ago. After prolonged eruptions, it emerged from the ocean floor about 400,000 years ago, but its rate of growth has slowed from 100,000 years ago. The fluid lava of Mauna Loa has allowed it to cover a very large area, something characteristic of shield volcanoes.
In addition, the great pressure of the water on this type of volcanoes prevents them from acquiring much height. Once their tip reaches the surface of the ocean and some of the pressure is relieved, they are able to make violent eruptions and experience a new stage of growth. Actually, this volcano is in the formation stage of a shield volcano.
Mauna Loa Volcano eruptions
There is currently no written record of eruptions that occurred before the arrival of Europeans in the area, but thanks to scientific studies a fairly long history has been identified. Its first eruption is believed to date from 1 million to 700,000 years ago; From then on the continuous events caused it to obtain volume and height. Some 98 percent of the volcano’s surface is made up of lava that ran about 10,000 years ago.
The Smithsonian Institution’s Global Volcanism Program has counted at least 109 confirmed eruptions. The first well-documented eruption dates back to 1843, and has since ejected internal material more than 35 times. Its eruptions are of the Hawaiian type, occurring at the summit or in one of the cracks, and on average, the Mauna Loa volcano has erupted once every 6 years. Although Hawaiian eruptions are not usually highly destructive, some of the Mauna Loa volcano have not been exactly calm. The flow of the 1855 eruption was very abundant, but was surpassed by that of 1859. In addition, the 1868 event caused the most intense earthquake ever recorded in Hawai
2. Mount Kilimanjaro – Tanzania
- Second biggest volcano in the world
second biggest Volcano of the world: Mount Kilimanjaro is a triple-summit volcano located in the northeast of the Republic of Tanzania, very close to the border with Kenya, about 300 km south of the equator. It is the highest peak on the African continent and is therefore part of the group known as the 7 summits.
Kilimanjaro Volcano Formation
This volcano is located along a divergent plate boundary, where tectonic plates separate from each other and where magma rises from deeper regions. Specifically, it is located on the East African Rift, a fracture zone where the African plate is gradually separating into two plates.
Kilimanjaro, as it is known today, was formed at this geologically active boundary, where magma moves from the Earth’s mantle. Its growth began less than 1 million years ago, and ceased to do so approximately 450,000-300,000 years ago. However, the formation of everything that makes it up has more time. 2.5 million years ago, during the Pliocene, Shira began its eruptive activity, which ended 1.9 million years ago, and just 1 million years ago, Kibo and Mawenzi began throwing materials from the Earth’s interior. Most of all Kilimanjaro developed during the Pleistocene.
Kilimanjaro Volcano eruptions
The eruptive activity of this volcano may have begun 2.5 million years ago in the Shira cone, as mentioned, but currently no historical eruption is known to it. The activity is reduced to fumaroles escaping from the crater of the Kibo cone, which has caused some landslides and landslides.
According to NASA’s Earth Observatory, the volcano’s last eruption may have taken place about 100,000 years ago, but according to the World Wildlife Fund, the last major eruption occurred about 360,000 years ago and the last major volcanic activity dates back 200 years. While Shira and Mawenzi have gone extinct, scientists don’t rule out the possibility that Kibo could one day erupt.
3. Popocatépetl Volcano – Mexico
- Third biggest volcano in the world
3rd biggest Volcano of the world: This giant has a height of 5,452 meters above sea level, is the second largest volcano in Mexican territory, the largest is the Pico de Orizaba.
In addition, it is one of the most active along with the Colima Volcano, but the Popo is the most dangerous and potentially most destructive. That is why since 1994 and until today the ascent to visitors is prohibited.
Volcán Popocatépetl, whose name is the Aztec word for smoking mountain, towers to 5426 m 70 km SE of Mexico City to form North America’s 2nd-highest volcano. The glacier-clad stratovolcano contains a steep-walled, 250-450 m deep crater. The generally symmetrical volcano is modified by the sharp-peaked Ventorrillo on the NW, a remnant of an earlier volcano.
At least three previous major cones were destroyed by gravitational failure during the Pleistocene, producing massive debris-avalanche deposits covering broad areas south of the volcano. The modern volcano was constructed to the south of the late-Pleistocene to Holocene El Fraile cone. Three major plinian eruptions, the most recent of which took place about 800 AD, have occurred from Popocatépetl since the mid Holocene, accompanied by pyroclastic flows and voluminous lahars that swept basins below the volcano. Frequent historical eruptions, first recorded in Aztec codices, have occurred since precolumbian time. References Popocatépetl Volcano, Mexiko – Facts & Information (volcanodiscovery.com)
4. Mount Fuji Volcano – Japan
- Forth biggest volcano in the world
4th biggest volcano of the world: Mt. Fuji is one of the 110 active volcanoes in Japan, and it has been active for about 5,000 years in a long span. About 300 years have passed since the last eruption, and it is not surprising that it could erupt at any time. In addition, since eruptions linked to large-scale earthquakes have been recorded, there are concerns about the effects of the Great East Japan Earthquake.
The volcanic activity of Mt. Fuji began with the Komitake volcano about 700,000 years ago, passed through the old Fuji volcano about 100,000 years ago, and continues to the present day as the new Fuji volcano about 5,000 years ago. It is said that there have been 17 recorded eruptions since the dawn of history since 781 (Nara period), and the last eruption was in 1707 (Edo period), and it has remained calm for about 300 years since then.
Rocks that erupt from the crater during an eruption are called “cinder stones,” and large cinder rocks fly vigorously from the crater and destroy the roofs of buildings. Cinder damage is concentrated in a radius of 2~4 km from the crater, but in the 1707 Hoei eruption, there is a record that cinder rocks about 20 cm in size reached 10 km away, so be careful.
5. Mount Semeru Volcano – Indonesia
- Fifth biggest volcano in the world
5th biggest volcano of the world: Indonesians are certainly no strangers to Mount Semeru. The mountain has an eruption record recorded in 1818. Reporting from the official website of BNPB (National Disaster Management Agency), the record of the eruption of Mount Semeru recorded in 1818-1913 is not widely documented. Then in 1941-1942 long-duration volcanic activity was recorded from the mountain. The Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation (PVMBG) said that lava melts occurred between September 21, 1941 – February 1942.
History of Mount Semeru: The Origin of the Name
The name of Mount Semeru itself has a long history. Reporting from the @kemdikbud.ri Instagram account, Mount Semeru is often referred to by the name of its peak, Mahameru. The term ‘Mahameru’ comes from Sanskrit which means ‘meru agung’. Both words have their own meanings.
Legend of Mount Semeru History of Mount Semeru associated with a number of legends that have been believed for generations by the surrounding community. Reporting from Kompas.com (25/1/2022), the Book of Tantu Panggelaran mentions that Mount Semeru is part of Mount Meru in India. It is stated that the top of Mount Meru in India was deliberately brought by Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu to Java as a nail of the earth or peg of the earth. Therefore, Mount Semeru is often considered as the nail of the earth of Java. This earth nail makes Java Island balanced and stable. by Kompas.com
6. Mount Etna Volcano – Italy
- 6th biggest volcano in the world
Mount Etna in Sicily, Italy is thought to be the oldest active volcano. It first erupted in the year 1500 BC and since then, it has erupted close to 200 times. It is also one of the largest known volcanos in the world.
Mount Etna is the highest and most active volcano in Europe. Towering above the city of Catania on the island of Sicily, it has been growing for about 500,000 years and is in the midst of a series of eruptions that began in 2013. In August 2021, The National Institute for Geophysics and Volcanology in Catania, Italy, reported that a series of about 50 small eruptions in early 2021 added about 100 feet to the elevation of Mount Etna.
Etna has displayed a variety of eruption styles, including violent explosions and voluminous lava flows. More than 25% of Sicily’s population lives on Etna’s slopes, and it is the main source of income for the island, both from agriculture (due to the rich volcanic soil) and tourism.
e Mount Etna volcano in Italy has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and its size exceeds that of all the volcanos in Italy. Fun fact, it is 2.5 times bigger than Vesuvius, already considered one of the most dangerous volcanos in the world. Even in Europe, it is one of the biggest volcanos, and it attracts thousands of tourists every year. Ref. Nypost.
7. Mount St. Helens – United States
- 7th biggest volcano in the world
On May 18, 1980, the United States experienced the most destructive volcanic eruption in its history. The cataclysmic explosive eruption of the young Mount St. Helen wiped no less than 600 km2 off the map. Not without giving some warning signs. And to have offered researchers an unprecedented opportunity to study the phenomenon.
The eruption of Mount St. Helens in the United States on May 18, 1980, was one of the most devastating eruptions in modern human history. An eruption of colossal power that scratched 600 km2 of the map. An event that allowed researchers to acquire a lot of useful knowledge to predict this kind of eruptions.
History of Mount St. Helene Volcano
With 169 active volcanoes, the United States is among the top three countries alongside Indonesia and Japan. And some of these volcanoes are ranked among the most dangerous in the world. This is the case of Mount St. Helens, called in English Mount St. Helens.
This stratovolcano is located in Washington State in the northwest of the country, about 150 kilometers from Seattle and 85 kilometers from Portland. Culminating at 2,549 meters, it is located in the Cascade Range, a mountain range that stretches along the Pacific and includes about twenty volcanoes. All of them are part of what is known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. Referred to Le volcan du mont Saint Helens explosait il y a 40 ans (futura-sciences.com)
The formation of the volcano occurred during several eruptive periods between 40,000 and 50,000 years ago. But the modern edifice is much newer and has been formed over the last 2,200 years. Mount St. Helens is considered the most active volcano in the Cascade Range since the beginning of the Holocene (for 10,000 years). References
8. Mayon Volcano – Philippines
- 8th biggest volcano in the world
Mayon Volcano is known as having the “perfect cone” for its perfect symmetric conical shape and often described as “a beautiful disaster” being the most active volcano in the country with more than 50 recorded eruptions in the past 500 years. Its eruption in 1814 is considered as the most destructive one which resulted in burning of trees and damaging of rivers as well as the areas surrounding the volcano. The Cagsawa Ruins, with only the church bell tower existing presently, is a prominent reminder of this unfortunate event. References discoverthephilippines
The Mayon Volcano is situated in the southern part of the main island of Luzon, 500 kilometres south of Manila. Towering at a height of 2,462 meters above sea level, it is known for its perfectly conical shape whose natural beauty has inspired a number of legends and art. The most active volcano in the Philippines and one of the most active in the world, having erupted over 51 times in the past four centuries, the most destructive of which is in 1814 when five towns in its periphery were destroyed. Nevertheless, it has developed a culture of resiliency among the inhabitants of its vicinity, who always rebuilt their towns and cultivated their fields after each destructive eruption. Reference by UNESCO
Mayon volcano is the most active volcano in the Philippines, located just north of the coastal town of Legaspi in southern Luzon about 325 km southeast of Manila. Mayon is a near-perfect cone; its steep, forested slopes look rather like a bull’s eye when viewed from above. For scale, Mayon’s circular footprint is about 16 km in diameter.
This photograph was taken from the Space Shuttle on April 8, 1997. At the time the photo was taken, Mayon sported a steam plume from the summit. The lighter (non-forested) regions that radiate from the summit to the southern slopes are flows from eruptions that have occurred over the past twenty-five years. The current eruption, which started June 24, 2001, is sending flows down the southeast slope in the general direction of Legaspi. Reference https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/
9. Mount Bromo – Indonesia
- 9th biggest volcano in the world
Mount Bromo is an still active volcano that rises to 2330 meters. It is located east of the island of Java in Indonesia about 100 km south of Surabaya. It is part of the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park.
Mount Bromo (Gunung Bromo) with 2,329m high is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia with more than 50 eruptions in the last 250 years, the last being in 2011. In fact, so far this century it has already had several eruptions, including one that ended in tragedy with the death of two tourists crushed by a rock. Reference viajaporlibre
10. Arenal Volcano – Costa Rica.
- 10th biggest volcano in the world
It is estimated that he was born about 7,000 years ago. Arenal Volcano continued to function after the violent destruction of 1968 until 2010. Tourism continued to grow steadily as people from all over the world came to witness this phenomenon from afar.
At night, the glowing lava dripping from the volcano was presented to those lucky enough to see clearings within the clouds. Thousands still arrived to fill hotels and accommodations as they sat at night watching the nightly spectacle of the stratovolcano.
As he now rests and sleeps until the next possible awakening, many will admire his splendor, hoping to see some kind of activity. While you won’t witness lava escaping from the crater and protruding rocks, the days are filled with exciting eco-adventures in and around Arenal at a safe distance. Accommodation in the area offers stunning and breathtaking views of the once-in-a-lifetime Arenal Volcano. References oncenoticias.cr
- World’s biggest volcano
- Big volcano Hawaii.
- How big Yellowstone volcano?
- is Yellowstone the largest volcano in the world
- Biggest Volcano in the world
- Top 10 biggest Volcano list
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