History Of Alaska Timeline
The Alaska History Timeline: The largest state (in the area) of the United States. Alaska was granted the union as the 49th state in 1959 and is located in the extreme northwest of the North American continent. Brought by the United States in 1867, the territory was designated “Seward’s Madness” in honor of U.S. Secretary of State William Seward. He organized to buy the land from Russia. Buying experts felt the land had nothing to offer, but the detection of gold in the 1890s created a stampede of prospectors and settlers.
Alaska is surrounded by the Beaufort Sea and the Arctic Ocean to the north; Yukon Territory of Canada and the area of British Columbia to the east; the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south; the Bering Strait and the Bering Sea to the west; and the Chukchi Sea to the northwest. The capital is Juneau. Alaska History.
Alaska Native History
The Alaska Native History: The first people came to the territory of the modern state of Alaska from Siberia near fifteen to twenty thousand years ago. Then Eurasia and North America were connected by an isthmus located on the site of Bering Strait. Settlers settled new lands, and by the appearance of Europeans in Alaska, several groups of indigenous people had formed. Residents.
In the southeast of Alaska lived the so-called “coastal” tribes – Tsimshians, Haida and Tlingits; in the Aleutian Islands the Aleut Indians settled; in the interior, the Athabasca; in northern Alaska there are two Eskimo peoples, the Inupiates and the Inupiats. yupik. Among the population of Alaska and today a very high percentage of representatives of the indigenous peoples, higher than in any other of the U.S. states. Alaska History.
Early Alaska History
The Early Alaska history timeline: The first humans landed in Alaska around 13,000 BC. At the time, Alaska was part of a land bridge that stretched all the way to Siberia.
When was Alaska discovered?
Most of its history comes directly from European records, which is more than 60,000 years old. These narrate the meeting of a group of nomads from Asia. Those who were prevented from continuing through an ice sheet until they made their way through a free ice corridor. This was what allowed the coming groups to pass through the rest of the continent until it was Inuit and a group of Native Americans who populated the region. Alaska History.
Discovery of Alaska by Russian explorers
It is not known which of the Europeans first stepped on the land of Alaska. What is certain is that he was a member of the Russian Expedition.
There is a version that the first to get to Alaska in 1648 was the outstanding Russian explorer Semyon Dezhnev, who sailed from the mouth of the Kolyma River, which rounded the eastern tip of Asia and reached the Anadyr River. According to legend, lost their way Dezhnev’s boats docked on the shores of Alaska. There is no documentary evidence of this story.
It is likely that the first Russian people in Alaska were crew members of the small ship “St. Gabriel” surveyor M. Gvozdev and podsturman I. Fedorov, participants of the expedition that explored Chukotka under the leadership of A. F. Shestakov and D. I. Pavlutsky. It is believed that they landed on the coast of Alaska on August 21, 1732.
But “truly” Alaska was discovered during the Second Kamchatka Expedition of the famous explorer, whose name is the island, sea and strait between Chukotka and Alaska were subsequently named Vitus Bering.
On June 4, 1741, from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the ships of the expedition – “St. Peter” under the command of Vitus Bering and “St. Paul”, which was headed by Alexei Chirikov. Due to storms and fog, the ships separated. July 15 In 1741, from the side of the “St. Paul” they saw the land (it was Prince of Wales Island in southeastern Alaska) and sent to it Boat. It is believed that the first in this expedition to set foot on the land of Alaska was the naturalist and botanist Georg Steller. On the next day, July 16, 1741, the land of Alaska was seen from “St. Peter”.
The members of the Bering expedition who returned to Russia told about the sea beavers living in the coastal waters of Alaska – sea otters. It was the highest quality of the fur of these animals, and it was then considered the most valuable in the world, and served as an incentive to development of Alaska. Alaska History.
Russian-American Company On Alaska
Alaska history: In the second half of the eighteenth century, Russian fur traders showed increasing interest in Alaska. Already in the sixties On the island of Unalaska, a Russian settlement and port were founded, through which the trade in furs mined in Alaska was conducted.
In 1784, the explorer and merchant Grigory Shelikhov organized and led an expedition that founded a permanent settlement. on Kodiak Island (now Kodiak).
At the end of the XVIII century, several expeditions to Alaska were sent by the Spaniards. Spanish navigators communicated with the Russians settlers and even made several attempts to declare Spain’s sovereignty over parts of Alaska. However, the real ones they could not achieve results and today only a few geographical names remind of the Spaniards in Alaska, for example, the port of Valdez.
Shelikhov initiated the creation of a commercial colonial company for the development of Alaska, similar to the British East India Company. In 1799, the Russian-American Company was created, one of the founders of which was Grigory’s son-in-law. Shelikhova Nikolay Rezanov.
The first head of the newly created company was Alexander Andreevich Baranov, who since the beginning of the nineties of the XVIII century he represented the interests of Shelikhov in America. It was Baranov who founded a number of Russian settlements in Alaska, including Novoarkhangelsk (modern city of Sitka). Under the direction of Alexander Baranov Russian-American the company significantly expanded the scope of itsinterests, built FortRoss in California, established trade relations with Hawaii.
In 1824, Russia signed treaties withthe U.S. governmentand England, which determined at the state level the boundaries of Russian possessions in North America.
The Russian Orthodox Church conducted very active missionary work with the indigenous people. And today the percentage Orthodox Christians amongthe population of Alaska isvery high. Alaska History.
Alaska For Sale
Alaska land Purchase by USA: Despite the fact that the Russians in Alaska founded settlements, built churches, created schools and hospitals for local there was no truly deep and thorough exploration of American lands. After Alexander’s resignation Baranov in 1818 from the post of ruler of the Russian-American Company due to the illness of managers of such a scale in Russian America was gone. The interests of the Russian-American Company were mainly limited to fur mining, and by the middle of the XIX century, the livestock Sea otters in Alaska due to uncontrolled hunting have sharply decreased.
The geopolitical situation did not contribute to the development of Alaska as a Russian colony. In 1856, Russia was defeated in the Crimean War, and relatively close to Alaska was the British colony of British Columbia (the westernmost province of present-day Canada). Russia seriously feared that it would not be able to ensure the security of its colonies in america in the event of armed conflict. The United States of America was chosen as a potential a buyer of Alaska to offset the growing British influence in the region.
Alaska Historical Events
Although for the first time the idea of selling Alaska was voiced by the brother of Alexander II, Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolaevich back in 1857 and consultations were held with the U.S. government on a possible sale, in practice negotiations began only after the end of the American Civil War.
In December 1866, Emperor Alexander II made the final decision. The boundaries of the territory to be sold were determined and a minimum price of five million dollars. how much was alaska purchased from russia?
In March, the Russian envoy to the United States, Baron Edward Stoeckl, made a proposal for the sale of Alaska. to U.S. Secretary of State William Seward.
The negotiations were successful and already on March 30, 1867 inWashingtonwas a treaty was signed under which Russia sold Alaska for $7,200,000 in gold. On May 3, 1867, the treaty was ratifiedby the U.S. Senate.
On October 18, 1867, an official ceremony of transferring Alaska to the United States was held in Novoarchangelsk (Sitka). Solemn March Russian and American soldiers marched, the Russian flag was lowered and theU.S. flag was raised.
On August 1, 1868, Baron Stekl was presented with a U.S. Treasury cheque, by which the United States paid in full Russia for its new lands. Alaska History.
When Did Alaska Become Part of USA
3 January 1959 Alaska Become Part of USA as a 49th state of The United State of America. Alaska would take time to become an official state, and even to have a voice and vote in Congress, but after World War II Alsaka would enter the Union. It was President Eisenhower who signed the so-called Alaska Statehood Act in 1958, which would allow Alaska to become a state of its own in 1959. Alaska History.
Culture and Particularities of Alaska.
Culture of Alaska History: Due to its economic importance and its particular history, Alaska has been a pillar of great importance for the country that administers it. Despite this, it has never had the value it deserves because it has the reputation of being completely inhospitable, despite having an advanced civilization and great biodiversity. It took a century since the Russian-American purchase to be put on an equal footing with the other U.S. states. Alaska History.
Contrary to popular opinion, the Eskimos are not the only ethnic group in the place. In fact, it is their minority tribe, the Aleuts, who have probably contributed most to the customs most characteristic of this territorial extension. In its origins its civilizations lived based on the resources offered by the sea and its biodiversity, berries, crustaceans and others.
Additionally it has several traditions such as transport by dog sled, theaurora borealis show, being the only place in the world where it is a fairly common phenomenon. Their most curious customs: the inheritance of newborns who are named after the last person to die in the community. Alaska History.
What is Alaska Like Today?
Modern Alaska History: One of the main highlights of Alaska is its tourist environment. Although it is not the most important, it has become a strong economic influencer for receiving thousands of tourists a year attracted by the Northern Lights, which has become a symbol of the territory, and the traditions so characteristic of the state.
Alaska by having influences from various cultures that settled in the territory throughout history, including several attempts at Spanish colonization. This gives it a rather traditionalist style that has adapted to the times to become one of the most characteristic areas of the United States. Alaska History.
As we mentioned before, the biodiversity of the country is not inhospitable and desolate as it is thought. But the truth is that it is one of the most diverse areas in the US territory. Its climate varies depending on the region, on the west coast there is an oceanic style while in the rest there is a more continental and arctic climate.
Also in Alaska we can find a wide variety of animal species such as polar bears, humpback whales, otters and sea lions, muskrats, beavers, elk, among others.
Alaska Airlines is a major American airline headquartered in SeaTac, Washington, within the Seattle metropolitan area. It is the sixth largest airline in North America when measured by fleet size, scheduled passengers carried, and the number of destinations served. Alaska, together with its regional partners Horizon Air and SkyWest Airlines, operates a large domestic route network, primarily focused on connecting from the Pacific Northwest, West Coast, and Alaska to over one hundred destinations in the contiguous United States, Hawaii, Belize, Canada, Costa Rica, and Mexico.
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