The smallest country in the Middle East of Lebanon. The Ottoman Empire ended after the First World War. After this, the League of Nations divided parts of this empire into Britain and France. In this mandate system, Britain took part of Palestine and Iraq. France is going to Syria and Lebanon. France declared the area adjacent to Syria as Greater Lebanon to increase French culture here. It was kept separate from the remaining areas.
The country is characterized by two mountain ridges that run parallel to the Mediterranean coastline. Mount Lebanon Ridge is close to the sea, and is cut north to south by the Transverse Valley and the Valley. The landscape is mostly hilly and sometimes with very rugged, steep cliffs and gradients. The streams are frequent and provide sufficient resources for farming and natural vegetation.
Antillebanan runs east parallel to Mount Lebanon Ridge, and forms part of the border with Syria. There is the Bekaa Valley with substantial flat lands surrounded by the Orentes (Nahar al-Assi) and the Litani rivers.
Here 60 percent of the people are Muslim, with Shia and Sunni having almost equal share and about 38 percent Christian. After independence from France in 1943, there was a civil war and in 2006 a war with Israel. It is ruled by a special type of democratic government in which the President is a Christian, the Prime Minister is a Sunni Muslim, the Speaker of the House of Retired Representatives is a Shia Muslim and the Deputy Prime Minister is of a Greek traditionalist religion. Arabic is the most spoken and constitutional language here.
Lebanese people include a wide variety of ethnic groups and religions, including most Christians (Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek-Catholic Melkites, Armenians, Protestants, Syriac Christians) and Muslims (Shia, Sunni), Alawites, and Druze. There are a large number of Palestinian refugees in the country (over 250,000). There are also a large number of Syrian refugees and displaced people due to the ongoing conflict in Syria
History of Lebanon
Four centuries of Ottoman rule (1516–1918) ended after World War II with the creation of the French Treaty with significant degrees of autonomous governance. Lebanon became independent in 1943. The three-decade rise was crippled by a protracted civil war (1975–1909), which ended with a power-sharing agreement and a complex process of reconciliation and reconstruction. Political tensions and regional conflicts with Hezbollah (such as the July 2006 war and the ongoing civil war in Syria) have affected the country, which nevertheless remains resilient.
The history of the land of Lebanon dates back to the Phoenic culture around 2500 BC, which were maritime powers. They built their colonies on the coasts of Spain and Africa in the Mediterranean Sea of which Carthage in modern Libya is the most famous. The Phoenicians also settled in these places in connection with their trade. He created a 24-letter alphabet which is considered the ancestor of many modern Asian and European alphabets. It includes Roman, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic and Devanagari. Read History of Russia
They were also helpers of the kingdoms of Assyria and Babylon, but their relationship was not as harmonious. After the conquest of Phenicia, it was made a satrap (kingdom) 539 years ago when Prince Kurosh (Sayus) of a kingdom in Fars province of southern Iran went on a campaign to conquer the kingdom by defeating the kingdom of Assyria. After this, the Persians ruled it for some 200 years. But Alexander of Macedon, being powerful in the west, conquered it in 331 BC. After his death it became part of the territory of Seleucus. The Romans defeated the Greeks in 24 BC, after which it came under the rule of the Romans and remained for the next 6 centuries. During this time Christianity spread here. Read more of Jerusalem Israel