A History of Japan
A Concise History of Japan: Japan is an island country in East Asia. It extends to the Sea of Japan in the west and the Okhotsk Sea in the north, the China Sea in the east and Taiwan to the south. Japan is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. It has five main islands – Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu and Okinava.
There is no conclusive information about the ancient history of Japan. According to Japanese folklore, the creator of the world also composed Surya Devi and Chandra Devi. Then his grandson came to Kyushu Island and later his children spread to Honshu Island. Although it is a folklore, there is some truth in it. According to mythology, an emperor named Jimmu was born in 960 BC.
Ancient Name of Japan
Japan History Timeline: Japan’s ancient name was Nippon. Japan is called land of rising sun. The official language here is Japanese.
History of Japan Timeline
Ancient A History of Japan: – In Japan, ancient settlements of the Jōmon culture are preserved, which developed from the end of the last Ice Age, 16,000 years ago, until 300 BC.C. In mountain ranges and coastal plains of the north of the Tohoku region and the south of the island of Hokkaido you can visit archaeological sites and remains, recently 17 of them have been declared World Heritage.
According to mythology, an emperor named Jimmu was born in 980 BC. He was the first king of Japan to settle in Japan. In the third or fourth century, a caste called ‘Yayatas’ established its dominance in southern Japan. Chinese scripts, medical science and Buddhism spread in Japan in the 5th century as china and Korea grew in contact. A History of Japan Book.
Around the fourth century BC, the Yayois of the Korean Peninsula settled in the Japanese archipelago and started the iron industry and agricultural civilization. The population of Yayoi began to grow rapidly, while the Jomonpeople, native to the Japanese archipelago, depended on hunting.
Between the fourth century and the ninth century, many states and tribes of Japan were gradually integrated. The tradition of the royal dynasty established at that time still exists in Japan. In 794, a new royal capital was established in Hian-Kyo (modern Kyoto), the beginning of the Hen period. The Hian period is considered to be the golden age of Japanese culture.
The Asuka period began with the beginning of Buddhism in 537 AD. Since then, Buddhism has been the original religion of Japan, now known as Shinbutsu-Shogo.
The Buddhist Soga clan captured the government in the 580s and controlled Japan for nearly sixty years. Prince Shotoku, a lawyer from Buddhism and Soga, who belonged to the partial Soga dynasty.
Yoritomen, a leader of the ‘Minmoto’ caste, established military rule in Kamakura in 1192. This led to the rise of feudalism, which lasted for nearly 400 years. In this, the rule was in the hands of military power, the king was nominal.
Atom Bomb Attack On Japan
First and Second Atom Attack In History of Japan: On August 5, 1945, the President of the United States of America, Harry S. Truman, ordered the dropping of an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. At 2:45 a.m. the next day, a Boeing B 29 flying superfort, piloted by U.S. Air Force Colonel Paul W. Tibbets, took off from an airfield on Tinian Island, in the Mariana Archipelago, in the South Pacific, more than 2,000 kilometers from its target.
At 8: 15 in the morning of August 6, 1945 was launched the atomic projectile that exploded 580 meters above the center of the city of Hiroshima with a force equivalent to 12,500 tons of conventional explosives.
The explosion of the atomic bomb caused a wind that blew at 440 meters per second and a temperature that exceeded 5 thousand degrees Celsius. A firestorm broke out in Hiroshima. From inside an area about fifteen hundred meters wide, a monstrous mass of red and blue color began to ascend into the sky; the column sucked in its base highly scorching air that set everything on fire. The city died. Within a few seconds, thermal radiation from the sphere of fire volatilized thousands of people. Others, those at some distance from the epicenter, were frighteningly burned. T
he entire center of Hiroshima was transformed into hell. Trains capsized and trams were thrown into the air with their macabre load of charred corpses. Almost all of the buildings in the city were destroyed. Inside the Enola Gay (this is how the B 29 was baptized from where the atomic bomb was dropped) a bright light from the explosion illuminated the interior of the device. Colonel Tibbets turned the plane to contemplate the effects of the explosion, saying: The city was hidden by that terible cloud boiling, taking the form of a mushroom while its co-pilot, Captain Robert Lewis, exclaimed: My God, what have we done?
In the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, seventy thousand people died instantly, because of the heat and explosion. But, the bomb reserved other deaths. The bodies of the Japanese who survived in the first moment were infected with neutrons and gamma rays. Almost all the survivors within the 880-metre radius of the epicentre later died from radiation.
The number of Japanese victims of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima exceeded 200,000 people.
At dawn on August 7, the headquarters of the Japanese High Command located in Tokyo received the news that a new class of bomb had fallen on the city of Hiroshima; but, in the destroyed capital of the Japanese Empire, events like that were already familiar.
Three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, the city of Nagasaki suffered the same fate. Another B29 flying superfort, piloted by the major of the United States Air Force, Charles W. Sweeney, took off from the Tinian airfield towards the city of Kocura with the mission of dropping another atomic bomb on that Japanese village; but, the bad weather conditions forced the pilot to deviate towards Nagasaki and throw there the diabolical device, which carried a force equivalent to that of 22 thousand tons of conventional explosives.
The bomb exploded at 500 meters high; 75 thousand people died instantly; and in a few months, due to the effect of radiation, that number of dead victims increased to more than 150,000 people.
After the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, President Truman warned japanese military commanders that if Japan did not surrender immediately, atomic bomb attacks would continue until the total destruction of what was left of Japan’s once-powerful empire.
On August 15, 1945, breaking with Japanese tradition, Emperor Hiroito announced by radio to his people the decision to surrender: After having meditated deeply on the general trends of the world and on the conditions that exist today in our empire, we have decided to resolve the present situation by resorting to an extraordinary measure. We have directed our Government to inform the Governments of the United States, Great Britain, China and the Soviet Union that our empire accepts the clauses of their joint declaration.
At the behest of Winston Churchill, Emperor Hiroito was exonerated from the embarrassment of signing the surrender of Japan.
On September 2, 1945, aboard the battleship Missouri, representatives of the Japanese government signed the capitulation of Japan. At the end of the ceremony, the supreme commander of the Allied forces, General Douglas MacArthur, said: It is my deep hope and that of all humanity that, after this solemn ceremony, a better world will emerge from the blood and burnt offerings of the past; a world founded on faith and understanding; a world consecrated to the dignity of man and to the realization of his deepest desire, the desire for freedom, tolelancia and justice.
World War II was over.
Was it necessary to use the atomic bomb to force Japan to surrender?
Although more than half a century has passed since the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, there are still conflicting views between those in favour and those who speak out against the use of atomic bombs against Japan.
History of Japan Economy
Japan’s economy is a highly developed free market economy. It is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP and the fourth largest by purchasing power parity (PPP), and the second largest developed economy in the world. Japan is a member of G7 and G20. According to the International Monetary Fund, the country’s per capita Gross Domestic (PPP) was at $41,637 (2020). Due to the volatile currency exchange rate, Japan’s GDP measured in the dollar fluctuates sharply.
Accounting for these fluctuations through the use of atlas method, Japan estimates that the GDP per capita is about $39,048. The Japanese economy has been forecast by a quarterly tanking survey of business sentiment conducted by the Bank of Japan.
Nikki submitted the top 225 monthly report on blue chip equity market capitalization from Japan Exchange Group, which is the world’s third largest stock market. In 2018, Japan was the fourth largest importer and fourth largest exporter in the world. It has the world’s second largest foreign exchange reserves, priced at $1.3 trillion. the fourth vowel of the Devanagari syllabary. It is ranked 29th in the Ease of Doing Business Index and 5th in the Global Competitiveness Report. It ranks first in the world in the economic complexity index. Japan is also the third largest consumer market in the world. A History of Japan.
About Japanese Culture
About Japanese Culture: Japan is one of the most powerful countries in the world which has advanced and developed the country in all spheres with hard work and tireless efforts over the last several decades, in which the lifestyle of its people is very modern. The people of this country are very peaceful and cheerful, who are highly educated and confident of progressing on their own. A History of Japan: 1334-1615. A History of Japan Samson: 1615-1867. They’re written by George Sansom and were published in the 1960’s A History of Japan.
Read Also History of Australia
Note: If there are any suggestions or corrections. Please mail us. Go in the contact section.